Thick blood during pregnancy: what to do?
Pregnancy is a special condition of the woman, a way of life which has a direct impact on the health of the fetus in the womb. During this period, the woman have to pass various tests, including a blood test to determine hemoglobin level, platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and blood viscosity.
All this is because blood is the main fluid that delivers nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus. In violation of its properties and characteristics change (including by increasing the viscosity) the development of the fetus and formation of organs and tissues is hampered. As a result, can cause malformations or congenital anomalies in the fetus.
What is «thick blood» during pregnancy?
The concept of density in Hematology (the science of blood) no, doctors use the term «blood viscosity». In simple terms, is when the blood elements more than, and plasma (the liquid portion of blood) less than it should be. In medicine to determine the viscosity using the analysis of coagulation, which takes into account the number of fibrinogen, prothrombin, as well as the General analysis of blood, which indirectly determine the viscosity by the amount of hemoglobin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. In pregnant women the increase in blood viscosity (in the absence of disease of the blood system, heart or blood vessels) can occur due to certain reasons:
- Dehydration, that is lack of fluid intake pregnant woman.
- A poor diet (eating large amounts of fatty, fried foods, sour foods).
- The use of certain drugs, e.g. iron preparations.
- Increasing the level of cholesterol in the blood.
- Hypoxia – lack of oxygen in the body. Occurs when there is insufficient exposure to fresh air.
- Drinking alcohol or Smoking.
What to do if a pregnant woman is «thick blood»?
The increase in blood viscosity requires immediate remedial measures, because the high viscosity of the blood in pregnant women for a long period of time can lead to serious complications, including miscarriage or sinking of the fetus. But it is not recommended to change the viscosity of the blood, it is better to consult a doctor who will prescribe the treatment including all related conditions of the pregnant woman.
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Mechanisms to reduce blood viscosity will depend on the causes of this condition. If a woman does not have blood disorders that increase clotting and, consequently, the viscosity, we use conservative methods of treatment. These include diet and lifestyle changes.
To prevent medical treatment of «thick blood,» the doctors suggest to follow all the advice on diet, drinking regime and way of life of the pregnant woman.