Thick blood during pregnancy: what to do?

Pregnancy is a special condition of the woman, a way of life which has a direct impact on the health of the fetus in the womb. During this period, the woman have to pass various tests, including a blood test to determine hemoglobin level, platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and blood viscosity.

All this is because blood is the main fluid that delivers nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus. In violation of its properties and characteristics change (including by increasing the viscosity) the development of the fetus and formation of organs and tissues is hampered. As a result, can cause malformations or congenital anomalies in the fetus.

What is «thick blood» during pregnancy?

The concept of density in Hematology (the science of blood) no, doctors use the term «blood viscosity». In simple terms, is when the blood elements more than, and plasma (the liquid portion of blood) less than it should be. In medicine to determine the viscosity using the analysis of coagulation, which takes into account the number of fibrinogen, prothrombin, as well as the General analysis of blood, which indirectly determine the viscosity by the amount of hemoglobin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. In pregnant women the increase in blood viscosity (in the absence of disease of the blood system, heart or blood vessels) can occur due to certain reasons:

  • Dehydration, that is lack of fluid intake pregnant woman.
  • A poor diet (eating large amounts of fatty, fried foods, sour foods).
  • The use of certain drugs, e.g. iron preparations.
  • Increasing the level of cholesterol in the blood.
  • Hypoxia – lack of oxygen in the body. Occurs when there is insufficient exposure to fresh air.
  • Drinking alcohol or Smoking.
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What to do if a pregnant woman is «thick blood»?

The increase in blood viscosity requires immediate remedial measures, because the high viscosity of the blood in pregnant women for a long period of time can lead to serious complications, including miscarriage or sinking of the fetus. But it is not recommended to change the viscosity of the blood, it is better to consult a doctor who will prescribe the treatment including all related conditions of the pregnant woman.

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Mechanisms to reduce blood viscosity will depend on the causes of this condition. If a woman does not have blood disorders that increase clotting and, consequently, the viscosity, we use conservative methods of treatment. These include diet and lifestyle changes.

  • The establishment of a drinking regime. A pregnant woman should drink about 1,0 – 1,5 liters of water a day. Gynecologists recommend the use of water that is acidified with either lemon or cranberry. Black tea, coffee, carbonated beverages are not recommended for use during pregnancy. Plain water is better to drink in the morning and between 16.00 – 19.00, during the rest allowed to drink green tea, compote, juice or freshly squeezed natural juices. It should be noted that it is impossible to drink all the amount of daily allowance at a time, this can lead to malfunctioning of the kidneys, and edema.
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  • The diet involves exclusion from the diet of a pregnant any fried, fatty, canned and smoked food. Sugar, candy, chocolate and carbohydrate (potatoes, bananas, muffin and honey) is better excluded from the diet. Fruit doctors recommend citrus: lemon, orange, grapefruit (no Allergy on them), and any berries: currants, cranberries, raspberries and strawberries. Fruits you need to eat in season, that is winter berries sold in the supermarket, nutritional and energy values are not present, especially for pregnant women. Vegetables recommended to consume tomatoes, beets, onions. Very useful garlic as a means of cleansing the blood of cholesterol plaques. It should be used with caution in pregnant women who have pathology of the digestive tract. Also foods that reduce blood viscosity, are saltwater fish and seaweed. In addition to the thinning operation, these products saturate the body of a pregnant woman with iodine. Of spices you can use ginger and cinnamon, but in small quantities. You can drink ginger tea, but with caution, as it increases blood pressure.
  • Very rarely, when the increased viscosity of the blood threatening the life of the mother or fetus, when a high probability of thrombus formation and blockage of blood vessels to them, medical treatment in hospital. Dehydration, which is not dissolved by drinking the liquid, is carried out parenteral administration of saline solutions. To reduce coagulation of blood on the background of increased viscosity used drugs were Chimes (Platifillin), Cardiomagnyl, Heparin, or fraksiparin. These drugs cancel 2 weeks before the birth, the woman is in the hospital under close medical supervision.
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    To prevent medical treatment of «thick blood,» the doctors suggest to follow all the advice on diet, drinking regime and way of life of the pregnant woman.