True polycythemia: what is it, symptoms and treatment photo
Polycythemia Vera is a rare disease that is more common in the elderly (over 60 years) and is characterized by failure of hematopoiesis. Applies to benign tumors. The causes of the disease are still unknown. There is a theory that uncontrolled cell division starts by a mutation of their cells predecessor. Despite the purity of the tumor and poor progression of the process, the disease can lead to serious complications.
Polycythemia Vera. What is it?
It’s a blood disorder that relates to benign neoplastic disease. Primarily affects the cell-predecessor of myelopoiesis, resulting in the uncontrolled, unlimited division and growth of blood cells. As a result of this process in peripheral blood dramatically increases the number of red blood cells, platelets, white blood cells, which leads to increased blood viscosity and increased hematocrit.
The disease is more common in adults older than 60 years, but can occur in children and even newborns. The childhood form of the disease Wekesa is most difficult. Among full-term newborns to about 2 – 5% of affected preterm the frequency of occurrence increases to 15%.
The increase in the number of red blood cells called polycythemia, it is a typical symptom of polycythemia. There are true polycythemia (primary polycythemia), which occurs when the disease Wekesa, and about polycythemia (or relative) that occurs when reducing the liquid portion of blood with burns, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration.
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There are also secondary polycythemia (this is the so-called secondary polycythemia) when the increase in the number of red blood cells caused by lack of oxygen in the tissues. Hypoxia stimulates production of erythropoietin, which stimulates the growth of red blood cells. This type of pathology is found in smokers with lung disease, people in the mountains on the heights or in the hemoglobinopathies, and in violation of formulation of erythropoietin – hormone that controls red blood cell production.
The symptoms and manifestations of the disease
The clinical picture of the disease will depend on the stage, only three of them.
Treatment and prognosis polycythemia
The treatment of the disease is only in the Hematology Department under the close control of the blood counts.
Treatment of diseases of folk remedies is possible, but only in combination with basic medical methods. Recommended diet, which also thins the blood, and drinking lemon-garlic infusion. It is also very important mission. The amount of fluid should be 50 ml/kg of body weight per day.
The prognosis of the disease depends on which of the stages revealed the disease. If it’s the third stage, the outcome will depend on which form of leukemia transformirovalsya polycythemia. On average, patients after diagnosis of polycythemia live 10 – 15 years.
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