Varicose veins of small pelvis: treatment, photo
This disease predominantly occurs in women, but also typical for males. A trigger in the development of the disease is pregnancy. Disease outside of pregnancy occurs in 2 – 5% of cases. To prevent the pathology is possible if the time to pass the examination on the ultrasound scan. Timely strengthening of the venous walls and physiotherapy will help to prevent the unpleasant symptoms of varicose veins during pregnancy and after it.
Why the pelvic veins dilate?
According to modern varicose veins of small pelvis occurs as a result of systemic disorders of connective tissue. It becomes brittle, loses its elasticity. The vascular wall consists of connective tissue, and therefore systemic violations affect her. But this reason for the development of pathology is not enough. To cause varicose veins in the pelvic organs, requires the influence of precipitating factors such as:
- Genetic predisposition.
- Working conditions (long standing or sitting, heavy lifting, heavy physical labor). It is known that the veins do not have their own muscle, their decrease is due to the tightening of the surrounding muscles. With constant sitting or standing the muscles don’t contract rhythmically, which leads to venous stasis and varicose veins.
- Frequent pregnancies, childbirth, abortions, miscarriages.
- The increase in size of the uterus during pregnancy.
- Sexual pathology (lack of orgasm), frequent interrupted sexual acts.
- Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (endometriosis, vulvitis, oophoritis), swelling of the ovaries.
- The increase in the amount of progesterone in the blood (e.g., during pregnancy). This hormone stimulates fluid retention in the tissues, increases the amount of circulating blood in vessels, which puts further stress on the veins.
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle.
- Misuse of oral contraceptives and hormonal drugs.
- Congenital anomalies of the venous valves.
- Excess weight, causing veins receive a large load.
As the disease manifests itself?
When varicose veins of the vulva some symptoms of varicose veins will be visible to the eye. It will be the dilated veins, sometimes with enlarged nodes. Such external manifestation of varicose veins will attest to the stagnation of venous blood around the pelvis. The danger of this vein is that they can rupture, and cause bleeding and loss of large amounts of blood, which is dangerous to life and health, especially pregnant women and the fetus.
Varicose veins deeper has no specific symptoms. It is manifested by disruption of the internal organs – uterus, ovaries, vagina in women, seminal glands, prostate gland in men. In patients with symptoms of varicose veins is pain in the lower abdomen that may radiate to (give) to the perineum, rectum, and lower back. The pain is worse after exertion, prolonged stay in the same pose in the same position sitting or standing. Also, the women will be painful and heavy menstruation, pain during sexual intercourse. In men the symptoms of varicose veins in the pelvis include varicocele (a swelling of one of the testicles), pain in groin area, pain during urination or ejaculation, the symptoms of prostatitis.
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The most frequent consequences of venous stasis in the pelvis is infertility, recurrent genital diseases, inflammatory disorders, hemorrhoids, impotence in men.
How to find out if varicose veins in the pelvis?
Methods of diagnostics, allowing to identify the varicose vessels in the early stages that are available in each clinic. They help people identify varicose even in small vessels. These include:
- Ultrasound Doppler. Method allows you to view all the vessels in the pelvis, to identify varicose veins, spasms of arteries and other changes.
- Venography is a radiographic study of the veins of the pelvis after the introduction in they contrast substance. You need to be careful with this method, it can cause an allergic reaction. Pregnant radiopaque study is contraindicated.
- Computer tomography allows to carry out differential diagnostics of varicose veins, to determine the exact cause of the stagnation of venous blood. You can hold magnetic resonance imaging.
Treatment of varicose veins of the pelvis
All therapeutic measures in this pathology aims to eliminate the return blood flow through the veins strengthening vascular wall, improve venous tone, stimulating the movement of blood through the vessels and nutrition of organs and tissues of the pelvis. With this aim, the following group of drugs:
Conservative treatment of the disease need to be combined with physical therapy and exercises aimed at improving blood flow in the pelvis («Bicycle», the strengthening of the muscles of the perineum, «birch»). Useful are swimming and yoga. This will be the prevention of complications of varicose veins. While maintaining a strong pain syndrome and the progression of varicose resorting to surgical treatment.