Varicose veins of small pelvis: what is dangerous and how to treat?
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. The same goes for varicose veins in any form. Often the varicose veins seen on the legs. It’s hard not to notice the protruding veins blue or purple hue, forming a ugly mesh. But this disease can occur in the pelvic area in women, and often is chronic.
What are the causes?
The basis for the appearance of varicose veins is the dysplasia of the connective tissue, which is characterized by weakness of the connection in all tissues of the body. This is especially true of veins, which lack muscle tissue. Dysplasia tissues occurs as a result of the exposure of the fetus during pregnancy (impaired circulation) or a consequence of the unfavorable environmental situation. The environmental situation in the region and often stay and may cause other diseases.
Varicose veins of small pelvis may trigger the following:
- frequent pregnancy and subsequent childbirth;
- permanent residence in a standing or seated position, connected with professional activity;
- heavy physical exertion;
- gynecological diseases;
- menstrual disorders, hormone disorders, including those caused by hormonal contraception;
- frequent use as a method of contraception and interrupted coitus.
In some cases, hormonal therapy is the treatment of diseases of the thyroid and other organs, also provokes the development of varicose veins. The causes of this disease can be obstruction of the veins in the organs located in the pelvis, obstruction of the large venous trunks.
How to manifest?
Symptoms of varicose veins are often similar to conventional inflammatory process in pelvic organs. It’s a chronic pain in the abdomen, which is often worse before menstruation.
The pain is worse and when performing heavy physical work, long stay standing or sitting. Often the pain in the abdomen accompanied by pain in the lumbar region, the groin. In women with varicose veins are usually painful menstruation and pronounced premenstrual syndrome. Also there are frequent disorders of urination.
Varicose veins in the pelvic organs is difficult to diagnose. All these symptoms cause other diseases. It is especially difficult to identify in the early stages, and it is often confused with chronic inflammatory process in the ovaries and uterus. Doctors prescribe many antibiotics and other drugs, but ache is not.
Methods of diagnosing
Modern diagnostic techniques are extremely accurate to determine the disease. They allow to diagnose in the early stages of the disease, before they began such heavy consequences, such as infertility and hemorrhoids, and to start timely treatment.
The main method of diagnosis of varicose veins is a venous Doppler ultrasound of the pelvis. Ultrasound-visualized vein, with clearly visible enlarged areas of blood vessels and dysfunction of the valves.
Another informative way to define varicose veins of the pelvis, is considered Chrismation venography. In this method of diagnosis is used, the contrast that is injected in the venous blood flow and allows you to see the veins on the radiograph.
As contrast is used iodine-containing compound, so the method is contraindicated for people with individual intolerance to iodine. It is also not recommended to use it during pregnancy. Contrast allows you to see the place varicose veins, thrombosis and the condition of the valves.
If there is real suspicion of varicose veins of the small pelvis performed laparoscopy. In this procedure, a small puncture is made in the abdomen through which the injected probe for examination of abdominal cavity organs for presence of extension veins.
Another method using contrast is selective auricularia. The method is considered sufficiently informative and are therefore popular in the diagnosis of varicose veins. Also a CT scan is performed, in the case where there is suspicion of the presence of other diseases.
Prevention of the disease
If you are attentive to their health, most diseases can be prevented. Adequate nutrition and observance of certain recommendations in the work allows for a long time to forget about this disease as varicose veins of the pelvis.
Varicose veins are more prone to women aged 25 to 45 years. Often, unpleasant symptoms occur during pregnancy or after childbirth. This is due to a specific load on the vessels of the pelvic organs. Take particular care to those women who already have varicose veins of the lower extremities, because causes of diseases are the same.
Varicose veins of the pelvis is a common problem among those who lead a sedentary lifestyle or engaged in heavy physical labor. So the first item in the prevention is the normalization of working conditions. It is necessary to frequently change the position from standing to sitting or Vice versa, to make full breaks at work, avoid heavy lifting. Otherwise, the symptoms of varicose veins can appear in a short time.
Diet with the exception of sharp, salty, alcohol can help to normalize the stool. Constipation causes excessive pressure on the walls of blood vessels of the intestine and, as a consequence, varices of the pelvis. Food should enter the vegetable fibers, and animal fats should be replaced with oils of plant origin. In the treatment of the disease includes more than a strict diet.
Special exercises is a good prevention of varicose veins. Simple exercises strengthen the walls of blood vessels and improve their tone. All exercises performed with raised legs, such as «scissors» or «Bicycle».
A douche is used to strengthen the blood vessels of the whole body, as it keeps them in good shape. To prevent varicose veins, alternating jets of hot and cold water must be directed into the area of the perineum. Finish the procedure with cool water.
Treatment may not be necessary if the stick several recommendations. To prevent the development of disease will help special compression stockings class II. Compression hosiery creates an external pressure on the soft tissues that improves blood flow. These products are well proved for the prevention of disease. When symptoms of varicose veins have emerged, compression tights can stop its development.
The real threat of the appearance of varicose veins is assigned to prophylactic administration onotonicity drugs, which is carried out the courses. The number of courses per year is 3 or 4. It all depends on the condition of vessels and the body’s reaction to the medication.
How to get rid of?
When varicose veins of the pelvis have already proved themselves, you should immediately consult a doctor to confirm the diagnosis and prescription of appropriate drugs. Complete cure is unlikely but possible. The effect of the prescribed medicines are aimed at improving the condition of the veins.
Conservative treatment includes:
- normalization of venous tone;
- prevent the formation of stagnation in the vessels of small pelvis organs;
- improvement of the trophic tissue.
With this purpose, the prescribed medication, which include bentonites tools and antiplatelet agents. Venotonic improve the tone of veins, and antiplatelet agents prevent the formation of clots in blood vessels.
Drug therapy can reduce the manifestation of varicose veins and relieve symptoms. But to maintain condition and avoid recurrences of acute treatment complement physical activity and diet.
When repeat courses of medicines do not have any effect on the blood vessels, surgery. Surgical removal of the damaged blood vessels is rarely used because of the specificity of their location in the pelvis. This method is more popular with varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Surgical treatment includes a method of embolization of the ovarian veins, which is a blockage of blood vessels damaged sklerosiruuschem substance. A special substance is injected through a thin catheter under fluoroscopic guidance. The procedure has proved effective and safe in comparison with the full removal of the vessel.
Varicose veins of small pelvis you can try to treat and popular recipes. A popular traditional medicine to eliminate varicose veins are Kombucha, horse chestnut and dandelion root. Infusions and salves with these plants normalize the venous tonus and reduce the symptoms of the disease.