Venous insufficiency of the lower limbs: symptoms, treatment, photos

According to the leading medical professional associations, vascular disease is much younger. Now problems with the arteries and veins is characteristic not only for seniors but for people of average and young age. One of the most common vascular pathologies – chronic venous insufficiency affecting the lower limbs.

The essence of pathology

The human body has many blood vessels. Only ten percent of the vessels we can see with the naked eye – they are quite large and translucent through the skin, bluish veins. It – Vienna. The remaining ninety percent of the vessels are hidden deep under the skin, under the skin fat layer, thickness of the muscle tissue. Between the superficial and deep veins there is a special vascular connection – perforants, which connect the vessels of the circulatory system. In the perforating veins have valves that let the blood pass in the direction of the heart and not giving her a chance to throw back.

If a person is healthy, and the tone of cerebral vessels is normal, then whatever the body position, the valves operate. At the slightest failure in the circulatory system valve may malfunction and start to pass blood in the opposite direction – a so-called reflux.

The most common cause of improper operation of the valve – long monotonous position of the human body. Many people are forced to measure its activity for a long time to sit without changing the position of the legs and not getting up. In this case, venous blood stagnates in certain places and creates pressure on the vessel wall. They, in turn, begin to expand and fold the flaps together but not in full. Instead of the usual upward movement the blood starts to move in the opposite direction. Valve can’t hold the blood due to failure of his squeezing. Such a situation is called «venous insufficiency».

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In rare cases, the body can still compensate for such actions, but if the reverse casting of blood is repeated again and again, it leads to chronicity of the pathology. There are several types of chronic venous insufficiency:

  • chronic insufficiency of the superficial venous vessels;
  • valve disease in the perforating veins;
  • acute venous insufficiency in the deep vessels.

Complications of chronic venous insufficiency

Pathology is quite common and in one way or another is found in the greater part of humanity. However, this does not means that symptoms of the disease not worth fighting, identifying themselves to the cohort of regular patients phlebologist. The presence of venous insufficiency provokes further impaired circulation in the extremities and lymph. This forms and lymphovenous insufficiency. Already at the initial stage of the disease patients can notice pigmentation on the legs, which captures a large area and can hit deep tissue.

If not treat the disease, in the future there is the risk of venous ulcers and at a late stage patients suffering from thrombophlebitis, pyoderma and other pathologies. The worst consequence of venous insufficiency is the formation of a blood clot which can break off and block the lumen of a vital vessel, for example, the pulmonary artery. It can threaten fatal.

Another important complication is the decrease in microcirculatory volume, decreasing the functional workload of the heart. In this case, the heart pumps not the whole volume of blood, which is his strength. This leads to progressive atrophy of cardiac muscle, decline in mental abilities and increased fatigability.
Also when blood circulation in the vessels is not completely the mechanism of release of tissues and organs from toxins. Instead of using the blood in eliminating waste products of life, it accumulates them in a stagnant depot, what causes the development of dermatitis, skin rash and allergic reactions.
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The causes of disease

As mentioned, venous insufficiency of the lower limbs affects a large part of the population. Such violation occurs for the following reasons:

  • in women during pregnancy or hormonal contraceptives;
  • in the elderly pathology occurs when the natural aging process and «wear and tear» of his blood vessels;
  • adolescents pathology occurs during sexual formation, when a growing body does not have time to Mature «quality».

Symptoms of pathology

The first symptoms of the disease not long to wait. Early on, patients may notice the following signs of illness:

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  • cramps in calves;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the legs, especially after walking;
  • feeling of fullness inside;
  • the pronounced appearance of spider veins on the leg;
  • loss of skin elasticity in the affected area;
  • swelling leg and ankles.

The presence of the above symptoms noted by the majority of people, but many chalk it up to fatigue and not in a hurry to the doctor. The more free sales and advertising encourages appropriate drugs to self-medicate and therapies.

In fact, even after application of creams and ointments, the problem does not disappear, removed, only its manifestations. Further, when aggravation of symptoms, patients visit the doctor with diagnoses such as thrombosis and thrombophlebitis. At the time identified the symptoms of the disease and proper treatment, these complications do not arise.

Treatment of venous insufficiency

Therapy is receiving special funds, which reduce inflammation of blood vessels and improving blood circulation. Concurrently prescribed medications to improve the flow of lymph. At the initial stage of disease is only those drugs that restore venous tone, but with the development of complications patients are prescribed antibiotics, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and enzymes.

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Among phlebotonics popularity were drugs Antistax and Detralex. Many women during pregnancy have resorted to the use of Ginkor Fort. As anti-inflammatory drugs recommended Diclofenac, Meloxicam, Naklofen. If the patient is prone to allergies, he prescribed Clemastin and Promethazin.
In the formation of venous ulcers for the prevention of sepsis patients are prescribed antibiotics, local anaesthetics and removal of sepsis patients use of indometacin or Butadienovogo ointment, Heparin ointment, medication Lioton 1000 and Phenomena.