Vertebrobasilar insufficiency: symptoms and treatment

Vertebrobasilar insufficiency — a disorder in which worsens blood circulation in the brain, resulting in he worse functioning. In fact, it is a problem with vertebral and main arteries, which carry bad blood to the location. Threat vertebrobasilar insufficiency the fact that she faces a cerebral and extracerebral vascular lesions.

The disease occurs quite often, and it can be both congenital and acquired. The disease is chronic and the acute form it passes as seizures due to underlying pathology.

Causes of vertebrobasilar insufficiency

The etiology of the disease involves a considerable list of possible causes of this disease. Interestingly, vertebrobasilar insufficiency may develop not only due to problems of the cardiovascular system and nervous diseases, or of pathologies of the spine (for example, on the background of cervical degenerative disc disease). So, the main causes of the disease are:

  • acute cerebrovascular disease (includes stroke);
  • atherosclerosis;
  • dissection of the artery;
  • inflammatory processes in the vessels (for example, Takayasu disease);
  • fibromuscular dysplasia — a condition that causes stenosis (narrowing) or aneurysm (tension of wall) medium-sized arteries;
  • compression of the vertebral artery due to problems with the cervical spine (disc herniation, spondylolisthesis, etc.);
  • congenital abnormalities of the vascular bed;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • compression of the subclavian artery pathologically enlarged scalene muscle;
  • blood clots in the spine or main artery;
  • reflex spasm due to the pain syndrome;
  • diabetes, which affects the small cerebral artery.

Symptoms

Syndrome vertebrobasilar artery has a fairly distinctive and pronounced symptoms, as this disease is due to a lack of oxygen in a particular area. Due to the fact that the small vessels of the main and the vertebral arteries supply blood to several parts of the brain, the symptoms of the disease may appear from the different organs and systems.

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In the first place, the patient usually develops a systematic dizziness associated with problems of the vestibular apparatus. Often this symptom occurs in parallel with the tinnitus, and in more severe cases nausea and vomiting. Unpleasant feeling may be accompanied by increased sweating, jump in the indicators of heart rate and blood pressure. How long does the dizziness, depends on the individual characteristics of the person and the nature of his disease.

The patient can be violated by speech centers and natural reflexes. Difficult to perceive the monotone speech and the disappearance of the swallowing reflex — serious symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency. In some cases there is blurred vision, followed by loss of sharpness images, feeling a ripple before the eyes, intolerance of bright colors or close to large objects. Frequent drop attacks if untreated, increasingly innovative, and their appearance – intensifitsiruetsa.
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Observed problems in the motor area. They’re usually not as brightly visible as all of the above, but, nevertheless, deliver some inconveniences. The patient feels weakness in legs and arms, as well as a certain awkwardness in the movements.

Treatment

The syndrome of vertebrobasilar insufficiency is treated comprehensively. The main objective of the therapy is to eliminate the cause of the lack of blood circulation, restoration of normal blood flow and blood supply to certain areas of the brain.

If we talk about medical treatment, that are effective lepidozamia (for prevention or treatment of atherosclerotic plaques) and antihypertensive (blood pressure lowering) drugs. In addition, it is also recommended the appointment of antiplatelet agents (means acting on blood cells and prevent platelets from sticking together), antihypoxants (drugs to eliminate oxygen starvation of the brain), vasodilators (relaxes smooth muscles) and neurometabolic stimulators (have antihypoxic effect and stimulates metabolic processes in neurons — cells of nervous system). If necessary, use drugs to symptomatic treatment.

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Popular and physiotherapy. Especially effective are therapeutic massage, exercise therapy, reflex-, magneto — and laser therapy, transcutaneous electro-neuro-stimulation, phonophoresis, kinesiotaping.

In some cases, surgical treatment is suggested. His task will be to eliminate the lack of blood. This can resort to methods of microdiscectomy and endarterectomy. Also effective are considered angioplasty of the vertebral artery (the establishment of a special stent to increase the diameter of the vessel) and laser reconstruction of intervertebral discs.

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Remember that the syndrome of vertebrobasilar insufficiency is a serious pathology, directly connected with the activities of the most important and complex organ — the brain. The treatment at home, or folk remedies can only worsen the disease. Do not tighten the treatment, immediately consult a doctor and be healthy!