Why burst capillaries in the eyes?

When people talk about burst in the eye capillaries, they usually involve damage to small blood vessels of the sclera, which is located on the anterior surface of the eyeball under the conjunctiva. This problem becomes a cause of subconjunctival hemorrhage.

Usually broken capillaries in the sclera are not a serious problem and do not cause vision impairment, although they may have a very unpleasant appearance. But they can also be a symptom of other potentially dangerous ophthalmic diseases. For example, if a person has red veins in the eyes accompanied by discharge, this may indicate an infectious process.

Why burst blood vessels in her eyes?

Usually, subconjunctival hemorrhage caused by the fact that in the eye burst capillaries. The conjunctiva is the transparent membrane that covers the front surface of the eye and inner part of the eyelids. It contains a huge number of tiny blood vessels (capillaries) and nerve fibers. As a rule, these vessels are not visible to the naked eye. They are very fragile, easy to damage. If the conjunctiva burst capillary, it becomes a cause of subconjunctival hemorrhage, which usually does not cause pain or discomfort. There are many different factors that can burst the blood vessels in the eyes. The most common causes include:

  • Friction eyes. There are many reasons why a person begins to RUB his eyes, including the effects of dust, the drying of the conjunctiva.
  • Improper use of contact lenses.
  • The tension of the eye to improve vision. Any load can cause damage to the capillaries. If a person has impaired vision, it can strain your eyes to see better. This can cause rupture of blood vessels.
  • Sneezing. With a strong sneeze due to allergies, colds or flu increased pressure in the eyes that may cause rupture of capillaries beneath the conjunctiva.
  • Cough. The stress caused severe coughing may cause subconjunctival hemorrhages.
  • Vomiting. Vomiting increases the pressure in the eyeball, which can cause capillary damage.
  • Crying. With strong crying walls of blood vessels in the eyes can burst. The child is one of the most common causes of red eyes.
  • Increased pressure in the eyeballs. This problem may be caused by prolonged position upside down, flying in an airplane. It can cause damage to the blood vessels in the eyes.
  • Diseases in which the disturbed svorachivanie blood. In people with these diseases subconjunctival hemorrhage is much more common.
  • Taking medications that impair svorachivanie blood. The use of any medication (including Aspirin, Warfarin, Clopidogrel, Xarelto) that increase bleeding, may cause subconjunctival hemorrhages.
  • Trauma to the eye. This is the easiest cause damage to the blood vessels in the eye. Blunt trauma can be obtained in various ways – for example, from hitting the ball in the face.
  • Lifting of heavy objects. Excess voltage when lifting weights can be an etiological factor in the development of subconjunctival hemorrhage.
  • Strong shaking of the baby. The infant blood vessels in the eyes can burst under strong shaking.
  • Of eye infection. Viral conjunctivitis may have a hemorrhagic character, where in the eye are burst capillaries and hemorrhage develop.
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This is not a complete list of etiologic factors which can lead to burst capillaries in the eyes. Quite often, the exact cause of this problem is unknown.

The symptoms of broken capillaries in the eyes

Usually people notice that they have burst capillaries in the eyes when you tell them about it someone else or they will notice bleeding in the mirror. Very rarely a person is experiencing pain at the moment of occurrence of the hemorrhage. Sometimes may develop a feeling of pressure in the eye or under the eyelid. As resorption of the blood may experience mild irritation in the eyes. In place of the bursting of the vessel occurs bright red spot with sharp edges, located on the sclera. Sometimes the bleeding covers the entire sclera. Upon spontaneous rupture of the capillary blood out of the eye. Hemorrhage may be increased during the day after the occurrence, and then gradually begins to shrink in size as resorption of blood. A doctor should be sought if the rupture of the capillaries of the eyes combined with:

  • Severe pain.
  • The vision changes (eg, blurred vision, diplopia).
  • Recently transferred injury or damage.
  • The presence of disorders of blood coagulation.
  • The presence of high blood pressure.

Treatment of broken capillaries in the eye

Most often, the treatment for subconjunctival rupture of the capillaries is not required. To ease discomfort you can use eye drops artificial tears. If possible, you should refrain from taking blood thinners, but it is necessary to consult a doctor. These drugs are sometimes needed to prevent life-threatening diseases.

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If the rupture of subconjunctival capillaries associated with the trauma, the ophthalmologist may prescribe drugs that speed up the healing process of a damaged eye. For eye infections prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments. Subconjunctival hemorrhage independently resolves over 1 – 2 weeks. As a rule, there is a complete recovery without any long-term consequences.