Cauterization of cervical erosion current: the features of the
Cervical erosion occupies a leading position among the diseases of the female genitalia. According to medical practice, erosion of the cervix occurs in approximately every second woman. It is worth noting that gynecological pathology has almost no age limits – erosion with the same frequency and is diagnosed in newborns, girls and women of Mature age.
Erosion of the cervix it is a benign change of the epithelium of the cervical canal of the uterus, the essence of which lies in the pathological proliferation of the cylindrical epithelium of the cervical canal. Externally, the erosion has the form of a red or light pink spots on the surface of the cervix, covered with bleeding ulcers, wounds and erosions.
Some women diagnosed with cervical erosion, do not hurry to start the treatment of this gynecological diseases, considering that a benign process is harmless to the female body. Do not in any case impossible. Treatment of cervical erosion should be immediate, as the consequences of pathology for female reproductive health can be very unfavorable. These include infertility, which develops subsequently, the loss of the uterus to their reproductive functions. In addition, bleeding ulcers and wound infection can easily penetrates into organs of the pelvis. Also, it should be noted that approximately 5-7% of cervical erosion can transform into a malignant neoplasm. Therefore, treatment should be started immediately.
The choice of method, which will be treated depends entirely on the severity of the disease and the degree of progression, of age each women and availability of birth, abortions. One of the most effective and efficient method, which is the treatment of cervical erosion, is the cauterization of cervical erosion current. Women with cervical erosion are wondering — what is this technique and does it hurt to cauterize erosion by using current?
What is the cauterization of the cervix?
Cauterization of cervical erosion current, which is also called diathermocoagulation, is a method of removing the erosion by the electric current. For many years it was the cauterization of the electric current was considered the only true method of treatment of cervical erosion despite the fact that it is quite painful. Today, given the rapid development of modern medicine and the emergence of innovative technologies such as laser or radiowave surgery, the prevalence of diathermocoagulation declined slightly. Most often used other treatment of pathology.
Today, the technique of moxibustion cervical erosion electric current is one of the most outdated and does not apply to the treatment of nulliparous women. Surgical diathermy has significant drawbacks and advantages – this is why the burns by electric current at the present time have not declined.
The advantages and disadvantages of diathermocoagulation
The technique of moxibustion cervical erosion through the electric current has the following positive aspects:
- One of the advantages of diathermocoagulation is the availability of methods. This means that cauterization of the electric current is held in each private and government clinic. And if, for example, for the removal of erosion by the laser, you must go to a specialized medical facility, the removal of current can be drawn even in his district hospital. In addition, for the diathermocoagulation does not require complex and expensive equipment, or special equipment.
- Affordable price – the cost of the procedure diathermocoagulation is much lower than the cost of other modern methods of treatment of cervical erosion.
- Surgical diathermy does not take much time – usually for removal of cervical erosion will not need more than 15-20 minutes. After the procedure, the woman sent to the house, and in the absence of any complications on the same day, the patient can be sent home.
- Cauterization of erosion of the uterus electric current does not require anesthesia.
- Procedure diathermocoagulation is considered to be very effective. In the majority of cases, the efficiency of burning can vary from 85 to 98%.
Cauterization of erosion by an electric current has a wide range of weaknesses, due to which today the technique is rarely used. The main disadvantage diathermocoagulation include:
- The procedure is not carried out in the treatment process, erosion of the cervix in nulliparous women. This is due to the fact that after cauterization erosive phase electric current on the surface of the mucosa is formed rough scar of connective tissue. The uterine neck and its tissues lose their elasticity. Subsequently, this could adversely affect future pregnancy and childbirth – in the process of carrying a child, the cervix can not stand and just pull apart. For this reason, the method diathermocoagulation is only women who have children and not planning further pregnancies.
- A long recovery period. Despite the fact that after the diathermocoagulation woman already in the first days can go home, the rehabilitation period lasts at least 2-3 months.
- Surgical diathermy is considered to be one of the most painful procedures. Many women do not rush to the doctor because that will hurt. In addition, the procedure is performed without anesthesia, which can be attributed both to the advantages and the disadvantages of moxibustion. How painful it can be during moxibustion depends on the size of the affected tissue.
- In the process of cautery on mucosal surface of the cervix appears in the crust, which may hinder the removal of erosion. It is for this reason often full treatment requires at least two procedures.
- Surgical diathermy has a high risk of developing severe complications, postoperative infections and inflammations, severe menstrual disorders, accidental damage is not only recurrent, but also healthy tissue.
How is the procedure diathermocoagulation?
Before the procedure, cauterization of erosion woman must undergo special training and passes all the necessary tests. The first stage of preparation consists in carrying out a complete gynaecological examination with special mirrors, then necessarily performed colposcopy and PAP smear to determine vaginal microflora. A colposcopy gives you the opportunity to explore the dimensions and specific locations of erosive areas.
The essence of the procedure diathermocoagulation is the impact of high-frequency current to the affected areas of the mucosal surface. It is quite unpleasant and painful. Cauterization is performed only in the first half of the menstrual cycle. This applies to a special apparatus. The electrode with high frequency discharge current point handles the entire mucous surface affected by erosion until, until all the treated surface is not covered with crust – scab. The exposure duration of the current pulses on the erosive areas of tissue does not exceed 12 seconds. Cauterization with electric current is carried out using local anesthesia, General anesthesia is not used.
The treated electric current of the mucosal surface is formed a bleeding wound that is covered with eschar. In most cases, the eschar is eliminated from the body approximately two weeks after diathermocoagulation. Wound healing on the treated mucosal surface of the cervix is quite long and lasts at least 2-3 months. Throughout this time a woman can be concerned about spotting and bleeding from the genital tract, nagging, aching pain in the lower abdomen.
Restrictions after diathermocoagulation
The recovery period after cauterization of erosion lasts at least 2-3 months. Throughout this period, the woman should strictly follow a few rules, which will tell her the attending gynecologist.
- For 4-6 weeks after diathermocoagulation is forbidden to have sex. To return to an active sex life can only be a preliminary consultation with a gynecologist, who will make sure that the wound is treated with a current surface has completely healed.
- During the rehabilitation period women are not permitted to take a bath. You can swim only in the shower.
- For 2-3 weeks after burning a woman can harass a painful sensation in the lower abdomen and lower back. If it is very painful, contact the doctor for appointment painkillers drugs.
- During menstruation is strictly forbidden to use tampons. Use only sanitary pads.
- Also a woman after moxibustion were forbidden to visit solariums, saunas, swimming pools and open waters.
- Lifting, exercise and other physical activity.
In strict compliance with all the above recommendations, the treatment and subsequent recovery after diathermocoagulation will be faster and less painfully.