Ceftriaxone: what group of antibiotics is, as to split during pregnancy
What you need to know about the drug Ceftriaxone?
It is the invention of antibiotics humanity owes its life expectancy. Thanks to this group of drugs was able to overcome severe pathology. But the bacteria are not asleep, and eventually develop resistance to all drugs.
For this reason, invented more and more tools able for some time to fight back diseases. To antibacterial drugs of a new generation added Cephalosporins. From this group the preference is given mainly to drug Ceftriaxone. Let’s examine this antibiotic.
The description of the drug
Polysynthetic intended for treatment in a hospital, but allowed the use of the house, if a person has a medical education.
The main kompanent of the pharmacological drug is disodium salt Ceftriaxone. The drug presented as a powder for injection creating. It is injected only intramuscularly and intravenously.
The powder is distributed in vials of 10 and 20 ml In one vial is 500 mg, 1 or 2 g Ceftriaxone. Ceftriaxone is perfectly soluble in water and forming a transparent anesthetics, labounty or even amber solution.
Intramuscular and intravenous injections quite painful, it is a major disadvantage of the drug. Also it is incompatible with other antibacterial drugs.
Antibiotic successfully fighting pathogens, causing a number of dangerous diseases, including syphilis, salmonellosis, meningitis, chancroid. Though the antibiotic suppresses the activity of most gram-negative and gram-positive germs, some types of infections are immune to it.
Sometimes, during a severe complications, Ceftriaxone put in the sinus. If you don’t know how to distinguish sinusitis from a cold, read here. What group of antibiotics include Ceftriaxone, we mentioned at the beginning. Since the antibiotic medication 3rd generation, it is used when other drugs are powerless.
Sinusitis sometimes occurs without runny nose and temperature. All this you can read here.
In General, the group tsefalosporinov were identified in Italy. The basis was taken taken from reservoirs moldy mushroom cephalosporium acremonium. In the end, the antibiotic group received its name from primary raw materials.
After that, they synthesized a large number of semisynthetic antibiotics-the cephalosporins. The antibiotic Ceftriaxone was identified in 1982. From that moment started production in Russia and abroad.
Indications and contraindications
Treatment with Ceftriaxone adults put in severe angina. Children the drug is prescribed only in case of acute inflammation and suppuration. This applies to sinusitis.
How to treat sinusitis Ceftriaxone see here.
Ceftriaxone is allowed to drip into the nose of children under one year of age or older with sinusitis, only at the direction of a specialist, strictly observing the rules of his withdrawal. What else drops with antibiotic used for sinus infection you can find here.
The tool also is used to treat:
- pathologies of the respiratory organs (pneumonia, sepsis, tracheobronchitis, bronchitis, etc.);
- intestinal infections;
- wounds, burns, if contamination of the wound by microorganisms;
- infection of the digestive tract, musculoskeletal system;
- infections of the genitourinary system;
- used after surgery as prophylaxis.
Ceftriaxone is contraindicated when the patient has an Allergy to cephalosporins, carbapenems and penicillins. The drug is under strict supervision when applied have applied are not working properly kidney and liver. In addition, Ceftriaxone is prescribed with caution to children with jaundice and abnormalities of the colon.
You need to consider that the medication was incompatible with ethanol, for this reason drink alcohol during treatment is prohibited. Despite the fact that antibiotics are very effective in the treatment of infections, all of them have negative effects – diarrhea after undergoing treatment. The same applies to drug Ceftriaxone.
Diarrhea after Ceftriaxone happens quite often, but if you follow the necessary precautions and dosage of the drug, the unpleasant consequences can be avoided.
All you need is to follow the recommendations of your specialist and lead diet. Diet is to eliminate from the diet of indigestible food, once again not to strain the already weakened stomach.
Ceftriaxone during pregnancy
The difficulty is that during pregnancy a woman’s body most exposed to the onslaught of external stimuli. Given that Ceftriaxone is highly effective, the question arises whether it is possible to prick it during pregnancy and is it safe for a fetus?
This means during the carrying a child acceptable to use for the treatment of ulcers of the digestive tract, if progressing purulent tonsillitis is inflammation of the lungs, there is an infection in the nasopharynx, there is a peritonsillar abscess, or meningitis is inflammation of the urinary system.
The drug is a minus — deposition of sand in the kidneys and bladder.
If treatment is introduced this antibiotic, its purpose should be strictly justified. When the doctor considers it necessary the use of this drug, you should find out what are the reasons for taking it and ask for detailed instructions.
You may be interested in and how to take Dioxidine in pregnancy, read about it here.
The manual says that to apply the medication to pregnant women is allowed only when the use will be much higher potential risk to the fetus. The fact that the drug can easily pass through the placental barrier, and how it will affect the child is unknown.
All say that the tool does not leads to failure of formation and development of the fetus, but despite this, during the first trimester of pregnancy not recommended. At this time, the fetus is not yet formed, and the antibiotic can make their adjustments.
The course of treatment and dosage sets only the doctor in each case the treatment is different, it depends on the type, severity and course of the disease. When choosing a treatment, the specialist relies on the performance analysis, the presence of complications, the weight of the girl and the pregnancy.
As a rule, medication is prescribed to take two injections a day, but in some cases, quite a trick, given that the maximum daily adult dose is 4 g of active substance. Do not forget that simultaneously with Ceftriaxone can not be taking other medicines.
If you have an inflammatory process in the ear and you don’t know what to do, here you will learn what drugs exist from otitis media.
Finally, note that if you are planning a pregnancy, but shortly before it was taking this money, you need to wait until the drug is completely gone from the body. Should go to the doctor and tell them about any recent treatment, to clarify the dose, the period of taking and the date treatment is completed.