Conductive hearing loss — what it is, treatment
What is conductive hearing loss and how to treat it?
One of the most dangerous consequences of otitis media or other ear inflammation is partial or complete hearing loss. Differently this disease is called hearing loss. It comes in three types: conductive, sensorineural or sensorineural and mixed hearing loss. In this article we analyze in detail the first type of the disease.
So, what it is conductive hearing loss?
About the types of hearing loss
Hearing loss is reduced audibility of sounds and noises. As a rule, if the disease is not treated, partial deafness leads to a complete reduction of the level of hearing.
This inflammation has several types:
- Conductive — hearing problems, which leads to difficulty of perception of sounds. This kind of disease creates an obstacle for the penetration of sounds through the middle ear to the eardrum. Seen after trauma or ear surgery.
- Sensorineural — this hearing loss, which is manifested by the destruction sound system: structures of the inner ear, vestibulocochlear nerve or Central auditory analyzer.
- Combined conductive and sensorineural bilateral hearing loss, a combination of the first two types. It results from problems in inner, outer or middle ear. With this type of hearing loss apply medication or surgical treatment. In more complex cases, prescribe hearing AIDS.
What is conductive hearing loss
The most frequent type of disease – conductive.
Under conductive hearing loss are accepted mechanical dysfunction of the sound-reproducing bodies: starting from the outer ear, ending at the eardrum and the anvil, stirrup and hammer.
Unlike the other two types, this inflammation can be corrected and medications that greatly facilitates the course of rehabilitation.
The disease occurs when the sound wave cannot pass through obstacles in the ear canal.
Causes difficult passage of sound frequencies can be a foreign subject, and also malfunction of inner ear.
So, if the ear came a foreign object, after the made manipulations the extraction, the hearing restores itself.
In the second case, surgical intervention is necessary.
Obstacle to the passage of sound may be the accumulation of earwax. If the area of cerumen is more than 75 percent of the auditory canal, the cause of disease lies in it.
To eliminate sulphur consult a qualified doctor.
After you have eliminated the problem, inflammation will take place itself and hearing restored.
In addition to cerumen and foreign object, causes can be:
- A tumor in the ear.
- Trauma to the ear.
- The layering of tissue in the ear canal.
- A ruptured eardrum.
- Congenital pathology.
You should know that such diseases as hearing loss is not temporary inflammation. It progresses throughout time. If you do not start timely treatment, the disease will lead to complete deafness.
Classification of diseases and to their degree
There are several classifications of conductive hearing loss:
- A unilateral hearing loss. In this case, it affected only one ear, and the second is healthy. In this case the opposite ear hears quite well.
- Bilateral hearing loss. In this case, it affects the right and left passages. In the medical environment is considered to be the most unpleasant and difficult case, but today the disease is quite rare.
- Conductive hearing loss unspecified. This incompletely understood disease in which accurate diagnosis and the cause cannot be established.
Note the four degrees of the disease. They are identical for both adults and children. To determine the type patient should pass examination of the ears. In the process of survey you will conduct tone audiometry.
It’s a common study, which changes the sensitivity of the sounds. At the end of the survey will plot a graph, which shows the table in the dB.
The progress of the disease is manifested when such changes in the ear, such as:
- Damage to the eardrum.
- Disruption of auditory ossicles: the incus, stapes and Malleus.
- Disease otitis media.
- Of the tumor.
- The formation of cysts.
- Benign bone tumor.
- Holestone ear.
- Trauma to the ear.
- The dysfunction of the Eustachian tube.
First the extent of the disease
Conductive hearing loss of 1 degree causes a decrease in the sensitivity of the sounds and the deviation from the norm by 20 decibels.
The normal human hearing is from 0 to 25 decibels.
In this case the person clearly hears all the sounds in an isolated room, however, in noisy environments to understand speech becomes problematic, and the whisper of the next two meters is not perceived.
The problems in this disease is that the patient himself does not notice hearing loss.
Second the extent of the disease
Conductive hearing loss of 2 degrees causes a serious breach of the threshold level reaches 55 decibels.
The level of hearing is getting much worse. The person is not able to make out a whisper at a distance of one or two meters, but loud speech can parse at a distance of five or six meters.
It is at this stage shows all the symptoms of the disease.
The third degree of the disease
The third stage is assigned when the patient is unable to make out the whisper at close range, loud speech only hears up close.
The first two stages of treatment is medication.
In the third stage surgical intervention is necessary, as the decibels reach a point 70.
At this stage, one cannot continue to study or work, because interaction with people is almost impossible.
The fourth degree disease
The fourth degree is the most severe. At this stage the patient can hear only sounds that are at high frequencies.
After the audiometry obtained on the chart shows over 70 decibels.
The sensitive ears in children
Pay particular attention to the child’s symptoms. As it is they have an increased risk of stage IV disease there is a risk to remain completely deaf.
Conductive hearing loss of 1 degree in children can cause disorders of speech. Please note that if the child does not respond to frequency and loud sound waves – is a clear sign of the disease.
If the child did not turn his head towards the sound stimulus, immediately consult a doctor.
In addition to ignoring the sounds, there are the following symptoms:
- A noticeable lag in speech development.
- A strong pain response while lying.
- Frequent touching of the ears.
In this case, it is very important to diagnose and determine the disease as soon as possible.
An experienced physician examined the child, appoint competent treatment.
The main sign when disease conductive hearing loss decreased sensitivity of sounds. In addition, the patient the impression the periodic occurrence of tinnitus.
These are the basic symptoms of the disease. But produce secondary symptoms:
- nausea and vomiting;
- discomfort in the ear;
- strong dizziness.
Contact your specialist at the first signs of the disease.
The treatment of the disease
Treatment conductive hearing loss occurs in several ways.
They include modern and traditional medicine and surgery.
At the first stages of the disease, physiotherapy and antibiotics.
In any case, regardless of the choice of treatment the first thing to do is to eliminate the cause of the disease. This may be a foreign object or wax build-up. An experienced doctor will quickly determine the problem and prescribe the correct treatment.
Then the patient carried out the rehabilitation of the respiratory tract. When the first and second degree are allowed treatment by the vibratory membrane.
Next, you need to get rid of the swelling of the ear. This happens with the help of specialized drugs, such as «Papaverine» or «Dibazol».
In the case of individual intolerance, use of antihistamine medicines.
Subject to the identification of the disease at the earliest stages of physiotherapy. If the disease is healed, prescribe antibiotics.
The final step is a course of vitamins.
Chronic and acute middle ear disease, diseases of the auditory tube that violate the holding of sound, treat a medical.
Surgery for hearing loss
In more advanced cases, surgery will be scheduled.
Keep in mind that without surgical intervention the third and fourth stages is not enough.
In most cases in such situations, the patient is appointed for hearing AIDS.
Surgery is also required after mechanical damage of the eardrum.
With the permission of your doctor, use the methods of traditional medicine. However, you should know that the treatment of conductive hearing loss alternative medicine is possible only in a complex with the main.
The first method garlic with olive oil. Garlic effectively warms up the aisles of the organ of hearing, and the oil has antimicrobial action. For making mixture you need to mix the juice of garlic with olive oil in the ratio of one to three. Dip in a mixture of turundas and insert in the ear canal for an hour. Use this transaction within 20 days.
The second method is propolis tincture. To produce the required mix shift propolis with olive oil, in the ratio of one to one.
For effective results, add to the mix a clove of crushed garlic.
Bury the ear and the resulting mixture two times a day. To maintain the effect, close the ear with a cotton swab.
To maintain good hearing need methods of prevention and quenched body.
At the first sign of illness, please contact Laura. You know, the sooner you start treatment of inflammation, the more productive will be the outcome.
For the prevention of conductive hearing loss you should give up Smoking and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
In addition, do not give in to stress and watch your diet.