Congestion in the sternum and dry cough: causes and treatment

How to treat congestion in the chest and cough?

Dry cough greatly exhausts the patient and delivers serious discomfort. Often patients start self-treatment, without specifying the cause of the disease. This method is incorrect because the cough and feeling of pressure in the chest is only the symptom, not independent signs. The cough in this case is manifested as the protective reaction of the respiratory tract. Pathogens cause severe deterioration of health and increase in temperature. But to get rid of the inflammation is possible only after the establishment of the root cause.

To cure chest cough, you can use antibacterial medications or anti-inflammatory drugs. The course of treatment largely depends on the shape of illness, and related factors. To set a specific diagnosis and determine the treatment you need with the help of an experienced physician, so do not try to get rid of the inflammation on their own. So you can only harm your own health and to trigger the development of disease.

How is it formed cough

Cough – a reflex reaction of an organism on pathogenic microbes or pathological processes in the pharynx. Such a feature is not considered to be a inflammation. Cough should be taken only as a signal from the body of any unwanted process in the body.

Chest cough may occur as a result of numerous inflammations, which include the flu or the common cold, SARS, pneumonia or bronchitis. But there are several processes that can cause this symptom. Therefore, in the formation of stuffiness in the chest and dry cough, you need to consult a doctor for medical help.

Cough may occur due to colds, flu, addiction to bad habits, Smoking.

Another factor, which often consist of cough and congestion in the chest is an allergic reaction.

If an allergic cough persists for two weeks, the patient is diagnosed with chronic form. If such progress is marked hoarseness in the chest and no sputum.

Typically, such a cough in the morning or in the evening and is often accompanied by severe hoarseness.

Such signs signal the patient about the dangerous course of the disease and the formation of serious inflammatory process.

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Causes congestion in the chest

To determine the cause of the formation of inflammation in the sternum, you must use the doctor. It is important to exclude the risk of pericarditis or tuberculosis, as these diseases trigger severe congestion in the chest. In addition, the reason for the formation of the inflammation may become thromboembolism.


Pericarditis is a serious inflammation of the outer lining of the heart. The disease is infectious in nature, but can be diagnosed rheumatic or post-infarction.

At this time, the patient suffers from a severe weakness, pain in the chest that plagued the duration. In addition, the patient noted a dry cough and a serious deterioration of health.

Pericarditis often is accompanied by release of the fluid between the sheets of pericardium. Subsequently, the patient noted severe shortness of breath, pus formation and the risk of compression of the heart and blood vessels formed with exudate.


Tuberculosis is one of the most dangerous types of inflammations. Often it is manifested as stuffiness in the chest without cough, fever, severe deterioration of health.

When the acute stage is marked instant hit of pathogens of disease in the blood. In this character there is a serious deterioration of health. TB requires urgent medical intervention.

Pulmonary embolism

Discomfort and pain in the chest can result in pulmonary embolism. Inflammation is characterized as a closure of the lumen of the pulmonary artery by a blood clot.

Typically, such a process is formed by tearing of the vein wall or right in the heart.

During the development of the disease marks the cessation of blood supply to the affected area that triggers the development of heart attack.

Bacterial inflammation

In addition to these reasons, a dry cough can result in bacterial infection. Today, there are about ten species of pathogenic bacteria that can cause pain in the chest and provoke strong chest cough.

Often the development of bacterial of the disease the patient is allocating viscous sputum, fever, the formation of nasal congestion and other symptoms. Such symptoms require antibiotic treatment.

Viral infection

If the patient hard to breathe, maybe it’s the infectious inflammation of the body. At this time, there is a strong unproductive cough and other symptoms of the disease.

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The severity of the inflammation depends on the type of infection and the immune system of the patient.


Often the cough is diagnosed for fungal infections of the respiratory tract. Fungal inflammation appear as a result of prolonged treatment with antibacterial drugs.

To determine the form of inflammation can infant cough and sputum allocated. Usually there were purulent admixture.

Treatment of fungal infections of the respiratory tract requires urgent medical intervention. In the absence of proper treatment, patients often develop pleural effusion.

Other reasons

Often a feeling of stuffiness in the chest and severe coughing education related to chlamydia, which was not fully cured. With this development of the disease the next stage is getting pneumonia.

In addition, to trigger coughing and a deterioration of health can of tick-borne fever or typhus. Such signs can be diagnosed only in the office of ENT.

The root cause of the formation of such a process associated with mycoplasmal infections that you can catch an air-drop way.

In the absence of these forms of inflammation of the patient can diagnose an allergic reaction to dust, pet dander or pollen, and some foods.

In addition, the formation of the pathological process in the chest may be associated with the professional activities of the patient.

How to eliminate the disease

Treatment of congestion in the sternum begins with a diagnosis of inflammation. During the study period, a patient can only relieve the cough. For this it is necessary to humidify the living room, eliminate all allergens from the bedroom area and a wet cleaning every day.

The course of treatment largely depends on the form of inflammation and the reasons for its formation. If the inflammation resulted from infection, the patient prescribe drugs to liquefy the phlegm and medicines, is able to get them out of the body.

At the same time the patient must drink plenty of fluids.

The moisture will help to establish the water balance, which is disturbed by elevated body temperature, and moisturize the nasal mucosa. In addition, water is needed when taking mucolytics. They will contribute to liquefaction of sputum and removing it from the body.

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If the cause of the formation of heaviness in the chest lies in the excessive load, the patient should visit a surgeon. Stretching the muscles, chest pain and dry cough the necessary heat ointments.


In inflammatory processes in the organs of the upper respiratory tract is necessary to transform dry cough into wet. For this assigned expectorant drugs – Bronholitin mistaken. or Geelix.

In the case of tightness in the chest due to asthma or tuberculosis treatment is appointed individually.

To get rid of dry cough in infectious course of the disease will help drugs affecting the cough center in the brain. In this case, prescribers with codeine. The course of treatment is chosen by the attending physician, as such medications are highly addictive.

Replace medicines with codeine the following drugs – Bronhikum, Alex plus, Bernhausen Framed, the pharmacy was, Codelac.

In the treatment of chest cough with no sputum appointed syrups. Doctors often prescribe Biocapital or candle Hexapneumine. To choose the dosing needs pediatrician.


Get rid of the annoying dry cough is not easy, therefore, when the first symptoms of the disease seek medical advice and get the reason for the formation of such a process.

Do not use medicines without doctor’s permission because you may not have all the information about the side effects.