Cyst in nose: symptoms and treatment, consequences, and whether it is dangerous, the operation
How to recognize and treat the cyst in your nose?
Approximately ten percent of patients are diagnosed the presence of small cysts in the nose. In most cases it is a long time not seen and does not affect a person’s life. Despite this, the development of education in the sinus of the nose, can cause serious complications. Therefore, you should find out what are the symptoms and treatment of cysts in the nose.
Cyst in nose: danger and possible consequences
Mucus (mucin), which is produced by special glands, plays an important role in protecting the body. It moisturizes the nasal cavity, protecting it from drying out causing lowered immunity and increasing the likelihood of human infectious diseases.
Mucin is produced by special glands, ducts and then enters the nasal cavity. Due to various reasons, these ducts can be blocked. In this case, the mucus starts to gather between the epithelium. Since the traditional way of mucin is blocked, it will continue to accumulate in one place and with time forms a small round cyst.
Features! Very often people with a similar problem cannot independently to detect, due to the lack of pronounced symptoms.
If the cyst in your nose? Education is considered to be benign. It consists of a shell, inside which is a liquid substance. The cyst itself is not dangerous for the body. But in most cases, it continues to accumulate fluid, causing it increases. This circumstance threatens the health of the patient.
Excessive increase in cyst size may result in the following consequences.
Discomfort and congestion
The cyst is accompanied by feeling of discomfort, accompanied by malaise, headaches, congestion. The most harmless of the consequences of increasing education.
There is also a violation of nasal breathing. At high magnification, a cyst can block the sinus cavity, causing the patient to be difficult to breathe by nose.
This circumstance is associated with the risk of pathologies.
Physical damage to surrounding tissues
Increasing in size, a cyst in the nasal sinus exerts a physical pressure on the fabric surrounding it. It triggers the appearance of inflammatory processes, the increase in body temperature. For example, due to the formation of cysts can develop this eye condition like double vision.
The rupture followed by the release of purulent content out what the most dangerous bone in the nasal sinus. Regardless of the body part, this situation poses a serious threat to the life of the patient.
It is necessary to consider the proximity of the sinuses to the main brain. Because of pus out of cyst, can develop necrosis which will affect not only soft tissue but also cartilage.
In advanced cases possible death plot of the skull. It also leads to a significant aesthetic defects, since to restore the dead spots is almost impossible. The only way out of the situation – their complete removal.
Thus, by itself, the cyst is not dangerous for human health. This is a simple bubble filled with substance, as seen in the photo.
In some cases there is even separate them out. However, the change in size with subsequent possible rupture – dangerous for the organism factor that can trigger the development of serious diseases.
How to detect a cyst
To detect the presence of a tumor in the sinus of the nose quite difficult. In most cases, in the initial stages of development of cysts, they do not cause any symptoms. Because of this, the patient may not suspect the existence of the problem over a long period of time.
Help! Often cysts are detected only during third-party surveys.
However, the cysts increase in size leads to the manifestation of education. Because of changes in the size and influence of the surrounding tissue, patients experience the following symptoms:
- The stuffiness. If the culprit is the cyst, fix the problem with the help of medications fail.
- Shortness of nasal breathing.
- Discomfort spreading to the forehead and upper jaw.
- Pain in the area of localization of education. The intensity of pain increases with pressure. It can also spread to the frontal part of the skull, the wings of the nose. Pressure drops and dives can provoke increased pain.
- The sensation of having a third-party subject in the area of the cysts.
- Mucous, sticky discharge, which go from the nose or dripping down the back wall of the throat.
- Of chronic headache. Occurs because of irritation of the walls of the sinus in large formations. The situation is exacerbated by the presence of these walls of the nerves located close to the surface.
- Frequent exacerbations of sinusitis. In the presence of formations, the patient is much more likely to occur sinusitis, which is associated with compromised aerodynamics in the nasal cavity.
When excessive increase in the cyst may experience symptoms such as diplopia, i.e. double vision. In the case of destruction of the cyst may develop an infectious process, which is accompanied by purulent secretions, fever, edema and hyperemia of the tissues related to the nose, forehead, or nosogubnogo triangle.
Treatment without surgery cyst in the nasal sinus is possible, if education does not provoke feeling of discomfort, not accompanied with pus and causes no pain. Drug therapy consists in administration of complex funds, providing versatile effect on the nasal cavity.
So, in the treatment of cysts can include the following medications:
- «Nazol», «Nazivin» and other drugs belonging to the group and vasoconstrictor;
- «Izofra», «Polideksa» and other anti-inflammatory, antibacterial agent;
- «These», «Innolux» – improve the process of outflow of fluid, a positive effect on the swelling;
- «Nazoneks» and other steroid means.
If the cyst is accompanied by pain can be applied pain relievers. However, today there is drugs that can dissolve the formation.
Drugs mentioned above can only improve the patient’s condition and prevent further increase in the cyst in size. In order to get rid of education, it is necessary to conduct surgery.
There are several types of surgeries to remove a cyst in the nasal sinus.
First and foremost, the patient is General or local anesthesia. Further, under the upper lip produced a small incision, the surgeon exposes the anterior part of the sinus wall. After receiving access to education, it is deleted. Traumatic surgery. Damaged sinus is not restored, instead the bone tissue in the place of penetration of the tools is formed scar.
This leads to disruption of the functionality of the nasal mucosa, resulting in individuals undergoing the intervention, there were frequent rhinitis, sinusitis.
Surgery using laser
Problem the laser surgery is the need of the delivery tip of the device into the sinus, accompanied by her autopsy. Accordingly, this leads to the same consequences as in the previous case.
The least traumatic form of surgery to remove cysts from sinuses. A special device is inserted through natural openings. Additionally, using the device, you can monitor the progress of the operation on the monitor.
Rehabilitation after surgery is faster. The risk of injury is minimal. The functionality of the nasal mucosa is not violated.
Surgical method is most commonly used in the treatment of the problem. However, some patients before the cyst of the sinuses with the help of surgery, use of traditional medicines.
Folk medicine against cysts in the nose
Before using folk remedies, you must take into account the fact that they may be ineffective, and in some cases to cause the body harm. For example, in some individuals, the ingredients of traditional recipes may provoke an allergic reaction that aggravate the course of the disease. Therefore, before using traditional medicine, it is recommended to consult your doctor.
Today enjoy a certain popularity following recipes:
- Dilute the juice of wild cyclamen with water in the proportion one to four. The resulting solution was instilled into the nose in the morning (two drops) in one week.
- Dissolve a teaspoon of glycerin in a tablespoon of water. Add two grams mummy. Bury the tool in the nose (just three drops) twice a day.
Instilled into the nose can also juice the zloty UCA (three drops twice a day). There are decoctions of the watch, Heather, Highlander, wallflower. They can be used as a means for rinsing the nose (reduce swelling).
Decoctions of St. John’s wort, Golden rod and sage act against microbes.
In addition, you can use the tools on the basis of fungus, tansy, celandine and cyclamen.
They are believed to have anti-tumor effect and affect the resorption of cysts.
However, the effectiveness of the methods described above, is not proven. Clinical studies their influence on education was conducted.
In the case of the self-treatment of cysts in the nose folk remedies, the patient may endanger yourself. In the case of pronounced symptoms of the presence of cysts in the nasal sinus, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
Attention! Ignoring the problem, as self-treatment can lead to negative results.
The presence of cysts is not life threatening to the patient. In most cases, their presence goes unnoticed. Threat is the growth of formations.
The consequences of such changes can be dangerous for the body. Conservative therapy allows to get rid of the problem, but only slows down its development. The only way to remove cysts is surgery. There are also folk remedies designed to combat formations. However, they should be used only after consulting a doctor.