Cyst in the maxillary sinus — symptoms and treatment
How to treat a cyst in the maxillary sinus?
Cyst in the maxillary sinus is a common benign disease. According to statistics, every 10-th person has this disease.
The disease appears in the form of a small vessel with thin walls that have spherical capacity. Size and location are always different, as well as the symptoms.
Consists of a mucous film that appears in the nose. Produces mucus, and its excretory duct in specialized glands.
However, a person can live a lifetime and not learn about the creation and formation of inflammation. So why and how is the condition? Today we will analyze the symptoms and treatment of cysts in the maxillary sinus.
What is maxillary sinus?
The maxillary sinus is a dual paranasal sinuses, which are located throughout the maxilla.
Inside has a mucous film that almost does not feel the elements, due to the lack of nerve and blood vessels. This is the reason for the late detection of diseases. Because the symptoms manifest themselves in a serious complication of the disease.
System nose has the following structure:
- steam paranasal nose;
- the initial division of the respiratory apparatus;
- the hole on the inner surface of the maxillary bone;
- the bottom wall.
These elements play an important role in breathing: cleaning, heating and humidification.
In human there are four pairs of sinuses:
- of the maxillary sinus.
Maxillary area looks like an isosceles triangle with a size of 30 cm Connects the mouth, nose and eye sockets.
The maxillary region is connected with the nasal middle course and the opening in the inner wall. The bottom is almost near molars.
Diseases of the nose can be triggered by diseases such as:
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus;
- inflammation in the bones;
- painful tumor, a swelling in body tissues.
How is the inflammation?
It is known that at the beginning of the development of the disease, the disease has no symptoms. That is why the patient for a long time may not know about the existence of the disease.
The first symptoms will appear only after cysts begin to fill the sinuses. Then the patient will have difficulty breathing, will appear temporal pain.
With proper treatment, the disease practically does not give complications. However, the patient will appear pus or pressure on the optic nerves.
The cyst is divided into two types:
- Retention or true. Occurs when blockage of the ducts. Commonly has two layers.
Stems from other types of tissues. Most often caused due to allergic reactions or infectious diseases. Can develop chronic inflammation.
Effects of cyst of the maxillary sinus, manifested as headache, loss of function, immediate fatigue, impaired attention and memory loss.
In the future can develop disease of the heart, blood vessels and other organs.
Causes of cysts
Upon detection of the cysts in the maxillary sinuses, what to do in the first place?
To diagnose cysts, contact Laura. It will evaluate complaints, examine the throat and nose by using a light guide of the device – endoscope.
It is important to eliminate the assumption of the disease due to the affected or decayed teeth.
Causes of cyst in the maxillary sinus:
- Morbid deviation from the normal condition or the development process in the nasal cavity;
- Offset the cartilage in the nasal septum, causing a curvature;
- Not a proper bite;
- Caries and suppuration of the internal tissues of the tooth;
- The problematic roots of the teeth.
Unfortunately, the diagnosis does not show inflammation of the small size.
To verify the absence of disease or Vice versa to begin a comprehensive treatment should undergo a CT scan.
Method of nondestructive layer-by-layer study of the internal structure will let you know the exact dimensions and determine the location.
Inflammation can occur due to many reasons. To determine the exact indications need to be examined by a doctor-otolaryngologist.
In particular, one of the studies of the body will be the photo with the help of x-rays.
Radiographs will identify the symptoms and to identify accurate diagnosis, as the symptoms of the inflammation is similar to inflammation of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus.
The main symptoms of the disease:
- Nasal congestion, often on only one side;
- Shortness of breath;
- Bursting on the cheek area;
- Pain in the eyes;
- Runny nose;
- Liquid discharge from the nose;
It is worth noting that in the presence of little inflammation no discomfort. It is therefore particularly important to notice the symptoms at the beginning of the disease.
But, as practice shows, the patients detected the disease when inflammation reaches 1.5-2 cm in diameter.
The development of the disease depends on the individual person.
What are the risks of inflammation?
Inflammation in the nose is one of the most common diseases. Every year around the world otolaryngologists perform numerous operations to remove it. However, how dangerous a cyst in the maxillary sinuses?
The cysts themselves are harmless to humans, as are not by their nature tumors. But you should know that increasing entities can bring harm to your health.
The disease may provoke severe headaches, deterioration of health, nasal congestion and other inflammatory processes.
When such inflammation treatment may bring some problems as harder to troubleshoot.
It is therefore an important item in the treatment of the remains pathological problems of the patient. Treatment of cyst banned with acute sinusitis.
If you spontaneously burst cyst in the maxillary sinus, immediately consult a specialist.
Once you have identified the cause of this illness, it is necessary to begin treatment. Let us examine the question of how to treat a cyst in the maxillary sinus?
Ways to get rid of the disease differ from each other based on his appearance.
The appearance of cysts due to the patient’s tooth root in the first place you need to go to the dentist. After removing the cause of disease, inflammation stops to fill with fluid and eliminated independently.
Treatment may not be required when detecting cysts at the time of diagnosis of the skull, as other lesions in the nose.
To prevent the patient is recommended to monitor its growth and development. In the absence of symptoms and well-being of the person treatment is not prescribed.
In the treatment prohibited physiotherapy and warming. The heat provokes the spread of the disease.
If you often troubled by stuffy nose, pain in the head, sinusitis, purulent rolling on phase – you will be given surgical removal of the capsule.
Remember, if you suffer from sinusitis before the surgery should be postponed! Doctors lavage mucosa, the adoption of a course of antibiotics and treatment of the cavity.
In most cases, the cyst is removed through the nasal fistula.
The procedure is performed under General anesthesia.
The course of adaptation after surgery performed in a hospital. At this time the patient is prescribed a therapy of cleansing the nasal area from crusts.
In order to avoid recurrent disease after surgery screened every six months.
Prevent the disease! This disease is easier to prevent, by observing preventive measures.
This requires time to treat the gum inflammation and caries of the teeth and not to run the allergic rhinitis.
Under those conditions that you won’t run colds, seasonal allergies, violate the natural functioning of the nose and to cleanse the mucosa of the cyst will pass you.
However, the main rule is the treatment and proper disposal of sinusitis. You need to get rid of the inflammation.
When the first symptoms of the disease, contact Laura.
Unfortunately, often eliminating inflammation is possible only surgical assistance.