Deformation of the bladder: causes and treatment

Deformation of the bladder is a persistent change in body shape as a result of influence of various factors, diseases or injuries. This disease lead to malfunction of the urinary system and can in turn cause complications. When an anomaly is detected it is necessary to find out its cause and begin treatment.

How does the bladder?

The bladder of a man is a muscular bag that participates in the process of rochevilaine. It accumulates urine coming from the kidneys via the ureters. The accumulation of liquid bubble increases in size, the unique cellular structure of its walls allows for their significant stretching.

If you fill the bladder contrast agent and to hold x-ray diffraction study, it will show a globular or oval shape with sharp, smooth, symmetric contours. Filled with urine, the bladder resembles in shape a pear, and completely devastated — a flat saucer with a concave top surface and convex bottom.

The structure of the body is slightly different in men and women, this is primarily connected with the function of pregnancy and birth of offspring. Natural changes of form accompany each filling and emptying of the bladder. His position and status affect the neighboring organs in some moments of life can press on the bladder wall. The outlines of the body change with age, and these changes also physiological.


Pathology is a persistent change in the normal shape of the bladder, which is retained at different phases of its operation and the change of the position of the human body. A deformed body can not fully perform its functions, breaks down the process of excretion and accumulation of urea. In some cases, the anomalies are of critical nature, provoke the development of serious complications, so they need to pay close attention.

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The causes of pathology

The causes of the disease are different, it can be congenital or acquired during life.

  • Congenital deformities found in infants and are caused by either genetic disorders or abnormal development of an organism during the embryonic period as a result of various factors.
  • Damage to the ligamentous apparatus of the bladder. Vesico-pubic ligaments hold the body in the pelvic cavity in a certain position, and if they are damaged, the system can not function properly. The muscular walls become weak, atony, incontinence of urine.
  • Inflammatory processes in the bladder, cystitis, extrapulmonary form of tuberculosis that affects the urinary system.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the adjacent organs.
  • Violation of the outflow of urine, chronic overfilling of the bladder. While the body wall is stretched, are formed folds, which are well distinguishable on cystogram.
  • Morbid growths or morphological substrates (rocks, stones). Benign and malignant tumors and cysts of the bladder, uterus (fibroids), genital organs, intestines, and urinary stones literally put pressure on the wall of an organ, changing its normal shape.

Changing the shape of the bladder in women

Individual case pathology is a change in the shape of the bladder in women during pregnancy and childbirth. The growing uterus compresses the fetus, the maternal organs of the abdominal and pelvic cavity. In the last months of pregnancy, the bladder becomes elongated and located in a horizontal plane. In addition, the generally accepted position during delivery in which the woman lies on her back, is considered revisionaries and can cause internal damage and deformation.

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A diagnostic study of the bladder

Upon detection of a deformation of the bladder need to quickly find the real cause of the disease and immediately begin appropriate treatment to prevent complications. To do this, the doctor directs the patient on instrumental examination of the urinary system.

  • Diagnostic ultrasound provides an accessible and informative method of research. It allows you to visualize the organ to determine its form, degree of deformation, the presence and size of stones, stagnation of urine in the bladder and its causes. This is currently the most popular method of diagnosis.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging is more informative and allows you to Refine the results of the ultrasound. With its help, abnormalities are detected tissue and various neoplasms that can be the cause of the deformation.
  • Cystoscopy — invasive method for the study of the bladder with a special tool cystoscope. It is injected into the body and allows the doctor to visually assess the condition of the internal surface, to determine the cause of the pathology
  • Contrast radiography is a popular past method of research, which is now almost never used due to the large number of contraindications.

Also performed laboratory analysis of urine and blood, permitting identification of the cause of inflammation, if present.

Treatment of pathology

After the cause of deformation is established using the diagnostic methods, the doctor prescribes the patient treatment. Specific measures may vary in each case, as they are aimed at eliminating various pathogenic factors.

Tumors of the abdominal and pelvic cavities, deforming the bladder, are subject to surgical removal. If the metastases of malignant tumor had already spread into the muscle layer, the surgeon may decide to remove the organ entirely. This is followed by a plastic operation for formation of artificial bladder.

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If the cause of the pathology was kidney stones, previously conducted by medical therapy. In many cases the administration of specific drugs contributes to resorption and fragmentation of large rocks. If conservative treatment has no effect, surgery is indicated. Inflammatory processes of any etiology should be cured with drugs, designated medical specialist.

In some simple cases, deformation caused weakening of the ligamentous and muscular apparatus (for example, the age factor), the positive effect of special exercises (Kegel exercises). In women after childbirth change the shape of the bladder is usually temporary and returns to normal after some time.

The prevention of deformations is an active lifestyle that prevents the stagnation of blood in the pelvis, a healthy diet that supports the body’s water balance and the normal processes of urine formation, timely emptying of the bladder, rapid and complete cure of inflammatory diseases.