Baby thrush: symptoms and treatment

Stomatitis is a common disease that affects the mucous membranes of the mouth. Is expressed by the formation of ulcers of different etiology, which cause discomfort and are very painful. Children’s stomatitis most common in babies up to a year. Formed due to colds, flu, acute respiratory viral infections, while reducing the immune status of the child. This pathological condition is quite dangerous and causes problems for parents. Because the baby is restless, starts to refuse to eat, constantly crying. Therefore, stomatitis children need time to identify and be able to correctly apply treatment.

Symptoms

Детский стоматит: симптомы и лечение

Stomatitis in children has certain symptoms that help you detect it. Depending on that there are many types of the disease, the symptoms of disease is quite extensive. At the initial stage of development of ulcers, the symptoms may be hidden or manifest sorrow. Strong lesion of the oral mucosa characterized by pronounced signs.

The main thing to pay attention to is the child’s behavior. The presence of disease specifies a constant anxiety, tearfulness, refusal of breast or bottle, bad dream.

Often the symptoms can be confused with colds or infectious diseases. Because the child’s body temperature rises, there is high fever, malaise, lethargy. From little bleak, there may be swollen lymph nodes, bright irritability. Because of this, many parents mistakenly recognize stomatitis child for another illness and give the child antibiotics. So absolutely can not do, because those drugs may exacerbate the situation. The first step is to consult with your doctor.

Depending on the age of the baby, the symptoms can manifest themselves in different ways. At a young age they are much brighter and bring more trouble to their parents. Because the child is difficult to handle the mouth, it is most sensitive. Also with stomatitis children’s hard to pick up on the symptoms of the correct treatment regimen. This is because many medicines are contraindicated or inconvenient to apply. Therefore give preference to traditional medicine.

Dividing the disease into types, it is possible to allocate distinctive and similar characteristics:

  • Herpes is characterized by slight redness of the mouth, possible swelling, the presence of scratches. In the most recent condition manifested by burning sensation, bad breath.
  • The baby becomes too restless, irritable, crying heavily and loses appetite. This happens due to the formation of ulcers, which in the absence of proper care for the oral cavity begins to grow rapidly and interfere with the eating.

    Детский стоматит: симптомы и лечение

    In addition, reduced overall health, lymph nodes can become inflamed, and the immune status of the child is weakened.

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  • Fungal or viral – caused by the appearance on the mucous membrane of vesicles with clear fluid. When they burst, formed a painful erosion. Also, this stomatitis may be accompanied by fever, sores often spread to areas of the lips and nose, can be red in color.
  • Allergic is formed in contact with the allergen, expressed by the appearance of small erosions in the mouth. The gums begin to bleed, pain, problems eating. Sores often spread to any part of the body.
  • Traumatic – appears under the influence of mechanical damage to the lining of the mouth. Is expressed by the formation of ulcers, which rapidly increase in size. This kind of stomatitis is a cause of malnutrition and sleep in children, the presence of anxiety and tearfulness.
  • Aphthous – often occurs due to penetration of mucous membranes of various bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms. Signs are restricted food intake, strong pain, on top of aphthae can be covered by a yellow or greyish tinge. Sores are often red, their number is growing every day.
  • The total duration of the disease is in moderate to 2 weeks, severe for more than 14 days.

    In the latter case the child is under the supervision of a medical professional, possible hospitalization.

    Treatment

    How to treat stomatitis in children? This is an important and common question among parents. This disease is quite severe and is expressed by many symptoms. Therefore, therapy must be a physician to do no harm to the health of the baby and not to provoke a progressive distribution of sores in your mouth.

    For a successful outcome of the disease, it is necessary to seek the assistance of a medical professional. It is important to do early on, when the bubbles not yet burst and turned into erosion.

    Also need to know the etiology of the disease and its varieties. Depending on this, making further treatment plan. The first step is to destroy the pathogens which can be various micro-organisms, and prevent the effects of mechanical factors. Treatment of young children from 3 months has a certain feature, doctors choose more gentle methods.

    Детский стоматит: симптомы и лечение

    Than to treat stomatitis in children? The most effective are the personal hygiene of the oral cavity, drugs and the use of recipes of traditional medicine.

    If you experience sores, parents need to take care of the baby and to prevent further spread of erosion. This means regular wiping baby’s mouth with a napkin, in the presence of irritation you can use any antiseptic solution the physician. Also important is the proper supply. With stomatitis should adhere to a certain diet exclusion from the diet of sour, salty, spicy foods.

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    Depending on the type and cause of development of children’s stomatitis, the treatment also varies.

  • Herpes – emergence of this disease is due to virus, so it spreads quickly. In this case, you need to carefully observe the rules of hygiene and to promptly contact their doctor.
  • If pathology is mild, the therapy can take place in the home. Severe course in children up to 3 years may require urgent hospitalization.

    For recovery you must stay in bed, eat more liquid food should be mushy and not to irritate the mucous membrane of the mouth. Excluded salty, sharp, sour.

    Treatment is the doctor based on the child’s condition, the severity of disease and severity of symptoms. In the presence of high temperature antipyretics prescribe medicines to reduce swelling anti-histamine drugs help to destroy the pathogen antiviral agents. It is mandatory vitamins.

    Also used recipes of traditional medicine as solutions, tinctures mouthwash, wiping erosions.

  • Allergic – occurs in the effect of allergen that can be contained in food, medicines. The treatment of infantile stomatitis, primarily, must be aimed at eliminating the causes of allergic reactions. The therapeutic effects can be medication, and the use of traditional medicine. If the problem is in some product, then it should be deleted.
  • Детский стоматит: симптомы и лечение

    The resulting ulcers can be treated with an antiseptic solution, frequently rinsing with water and decoctions of plants. To reduce pain will help in the attachment of the antibiotic to erosion. They are appointed by the attending physician.

  • Aphthous – emergence of this disease is characterized by extensive spread of the sores on the surface of the tongue, cheeks, and lips. Every day in the absence of treatment, their number is rapidly increasing. Therefore, in case of suspicion of aphthous stomatitis, the child will need to visit a medical specialist, that he was competent treatment and prescribed the necessary remedies.
  • The disease can occur in various forms, have pronounced, and the hidden symptoms, if the disease is only beginning to develop. Based on this, the doctor may prescribe a rinse herbs with antiseptic solutions, the use of special gels and ointments. Also as a treat sores performs the physical therapy.

    You should stay in bed, eat the right amount of liquid and observe sparing diet.

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    To improve the immune status of the body can prescribe vitamins in pill or injectable.

    Widely used and popular methods, it can be infusions, solutions of herbs for rinses, special concoctions. The most effective is the use as treatment of fennel, sage, aloe, chamomile, sea buckthorn oil.

  • Traumatic – this form of stomatitis is most common among adults, but in children it may also be found. Characterized by the formation of ulcers in the mouth which are very painful. The presence of such disease should be promptly subjected to treatment, so the erosion does not spread further.
  • It is better to visit a medical specialist who will examine the child and determine the severity, disease symptoms, and make competent treatment. In this case, can be assigned to using antiseptic solution to wipe, gels and ointments with antiviral action of drugs.

    Equally effective is traditional medicine, is the use of herbs and natural components to resolve the stomatitis at home.

    In addition to this treatment, parents should carefully monitor the oral hygiene of the child, to comply with the required diet prescription.

    Детский стоматит: симптомы и лечение

  • Fungal or viral – cause of the development of this disease are pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, for the treatment of ulcers, it is essential to eliminate pathogens.
  • The occurrence of fungal or viral stomatitis in a child should be treated using medicines, traditional methods, physiotherapy. So as not to harm health and do not provoke any complications, you should first consult with a medical professional.

    It is important to observe the hygiene of the mouth, erosions and ulcers may be rinsed with antiseptic solutions (hydrogen peroxide, furatsilin). If the baby is less than a year, then use the wiping with the use of these funds.

    Quick recovery is facilitated by lubrication of the oral cavity with oil solutions (wild rose, buckthorn), rinsing of the herbs (chamomile, calendula, etc.).

    Stomatitis in children is quite severe pathology requires a competent and timely treatment involving medical professional.

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