Brown and yellow patches on the tongue in adults: causes

In appearance, language, it is possible to diagnose various diseases of the oral cavity and internal organs. The presence of bacterial plaque on the surface of the mucous membrane is a signal that you need to pay attention to their health. Some of the ailments in the initial stages are asymptomatic, dark patches on the tongue can be the first sign of developing pathology.

Causes of plaque formation

Normal white deposits on the tongue, which are formed in the mornings and easily removed after cleaning, are present in every human being. But if they become brown, hard shot, have a firm consistency, are present in the oral cavity more than 3 days, you should see a doctor and undergo the examination of the body.

Why do I get brown bacterial plaque on the tongue in adults?

  • Коричневый и желтый налет на языке у взрослых: причиныThe consumption of staining products.
  • Bad habits: Smoking, alcoholism.
  • Running a form of stomatitis.
  • Chronic diseases of the digestive system.
  • Prolonged dehydration.
  • Food or chemical poisoning.
  • Antibiotics or yodsoderzhaschih drugs.
  • Iron deficiency in the body.
  • Diseases of the circulatory system.
  • Pathology of the liver and gallbladder.
  • A diabetic coma.

Some of the causes of occurrence of dark brown patches on the tongue in adults are transient, and after their elimination mucous membranes acquire normal hue. It is the ingestion of strong coffee or tea, chocolate and any other products capable of staining. Tobacco smoke contained nicotine resin cause darkening of the mucous membrane.

If the pathology appears after taking certain drugs you should consult with your doctor about such side effect. Chronic alcoholism has a negative impact on liver function, digestion, so a dark coating on the tongue indicates the presence of serious disease.

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Dehydration after prolonged diarrhea or vomiting as a result of toxicity can lead to the emergence brown patina. Detox get rid of that manifestation.

Bacterial disease of the oral cavity that affects the surface of the tongue – glossitis in Коричневый и желтый налет на языке у взрослых: причиныthe initial stages is manifested by the formation of ulcers, covered with a whitish bloom. If you do not spend a timely treatment, the disease becomes more severe ulcero-necrotic form. Wounds begin to fester, forming deep ulcers.

That still means a brown coating on the tongue in adults? Diseases such as gastritis, enteritis, peptic ulcer, dysbacteriosis are the cause of the formation of dense, hard-to-remove deposits. While patients may disturb abdominal pain, heaviness after meals, flatulence, belching, bad breath. Bacterial plaque covers not only mucous membranes but also the surface of the teeth.

Dysfunction of the liver interferes with the normal process of digestion and delchevalerie. Patients with nausea, vomiting, bitter taste in the mouth, disorders of the chair.

The shades of bacterial plaque

It is important that the intensity of staining bacterial deposits:

  • Коричневый и желтый налет на языке у взрослых: причиныLight brown speaks about pathology of the respiratory tract (asthma, pneumonia), violation of lymph circulation, diseases of the joints.
  • Brown-yellow coating on the tongue is a signal of violation of the digestive tract, the development of side effects from the use of drugs. This plaque is also found in chronic alcoholics.
  • Serious disease of the digestive tract, liver, gallbladder, severe avitaminosis, dehydration cause the formation of dark-brown bacterial plaque on the tongue, which is difficult to remove.
  • Other colors indicate the presence of diseases of the oral cavity in adults and children requiring dental treatment.
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The thickness and consistency of the plaque

The thickness of bacterial deposits on the surface of the tongue can determine the stage of disease. In the initial stages of development of pathology of the plaque is thinner, is removed during cleaning. With the progression of the disease, it thickens, darkens, and with difficulty removed.

Why do I get dry brown RAID? The consistency of the sediments are wet, dry or oily. A dry tongue indicates insufficient production of saliva in the oral cavity. This can be caused by disease of the salivary glands, formation of stones in their bile ducts. Patients complain of loss of taste, cracking, ulcers, erosions and brown crusts in his mouth.

Коричневый и желтый налет на языке у взрослых: причиныNormally, the language should not be edematous, smooth, covered with a damp bloom, increased in size muscular organ, on which there are teeth marks tells about the disorders of the thyroid gland, iodine deficiency or b vitamin in the body.

Why plaque is formed in part of the language? Localization of deposits associated with internal organs. The tip of the tongue is responsible for the upper respiratory tract, the middle part of the heart and circulatory system, and the root of the bowels.

To remove the dark patina only possible after the reasons that caused its formation. You need examination by a doctor. Only hygienic procedures will not be able to solve the issue if there is serious pathology of the internal organs.

The appearance of brown deposits on the surface of the language should pay attention to accompanying symptoms. If bacterial deposits are stored for a long time, cause bad breath, difficult removed, you should visit a doctor to determine the cause of their formation. According to the obtained results of the examination and clinical tests prescribe the necessary treatment.

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