Diseases of the oral cavity of an adult: symptoms and treatment

In the human oral cavity is home to a huge number of microorganisms. With regular hygiene care and a strong immune system they do not cause harm, but under the influence of adverse factors of bacteria start to proliferate and cause disease of the oral cavity.

The entrance to the oral cavity are the lips, on both sides of the face located the mucous membranes of the cheeks. One of the important organs in the mouth – tongue, which is involved in vkusnostyami, salivation, formation of speech sounds. The gingiva covers the alveolar process, hard and soft palate are involved in the diction. In the mouth out of the ducts of the salivary glands, through which the produce the secret is saliva. It is needed for digestion.

What are the diseases of the oral cavity in the adult, how to treat them?

Stomatitis

One of the most common diseases is stomatitis. Is an inflammatory disease that affects the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Manifested by formation of vesicles, ulcers covered with whitish, grey or yellow tinge.

Reasons:

  • Заболевания полости рта взрослого человека: симптомы и лечениеA weakened immune system.
  • Trauma, burns to mucous membranes.
  • Allergic to food.
  • Failure to comply with hygiene care.
  • Pathology of the digestive tract.
  • Hormonal disturbance.
  • The treatment with antibiotics.
  • Infants and the elderly.
  • Improperly fitted dentures.
  • The presence of chronic diseases.
  • Cancer, chemotherapy.
  • Worm infestation.
  • Tuberculosis, AIDS.
  • Severe hypothermia, dehydration.
  • Most often disease of the oral cavity in children and adults – thrush appears as a separate disease, but it could be a symptom of a concomitant pathology in scleroderma, pemphigus, streptococcal, treatment in such cases is severe.

    The infection transmitted by airborne droplets or by contact about a sick person healthy. There are acute and chronic stomatitis. During exacerbation, the patient abruptly fever, enlarged regional lymph nodes, painful ulcers. The chronic form occurs with less severe symptoms may recur and periodically escalate.

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    Clinical manifestations of stomatitis is divided into catarrhal, aphthous, ulcerative, traumatic, which restores, allergies, Candida, herpes, gangrenous. Заболевания полости рта взрослого человека: симптомы и лечениеDiffer stomatitis a characteristic rash, ulcers or Atami, the presence of necrotic areas of the mucosa. Caused by different types of diseases of different causes: herpetic stomatitis provoke herpes virus, Candida – yeast fungi of the genus Candida allergic – allergic to certain foods or medicines.

    The treatment of stomatitis depends on its shape. First of all, eliminate the factors that caused the disease. The oral cavity should be treated with antiseptic solutions, not to eat foods that cause irritation of the mucous membrane. For pain relief affected areas are treated with painkillers. In the presence of the inflammatory process are treated with antibiotics. When the fungal nature of the disease prescribe antimicrobial drugs for viral and antiviral. It is also possible to further perform treatment with decoction of medicinal herbs.

    Glossitis

    Заболевания полости рта взрослого человека: симптомы и лечениеIs an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the tongue, characterized by changing its color and structure. Diseases of the tongue in the oral cavity in adults developing in the lesions of the body by viruses or violation of the microflora. Most often occurs together with thrush.

    The symptoms of glossitis:

  • Pain, burning in the tongue while talking, while eating.
  • Loss of taste sensations.
  • Swelling, redness of the tongue.
  • Increased salivation.
  • The diction.
  • The appearance of papillomas, papillary excrescences on the tongue.
  • Causes: trauma to the tongue, the herpes virus, Smoking, chronic diseases, poisoning, decreased immunity.

    When running glossitis surface of the tongue is covered with purulent abscesses or formed Заболевания полости рта взрослого человека: симптомы и лечениеabscess. It’s hard to eat, talk, breathe, increased body temperature, increased submandibular lymph nodes.

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    Types of glossitis: deep, desquamative, diamond-shaped, villous, folded, interstitial, Gontarovsky. Differ in the nature of the plaque, localization in the language, ways of therapy.

    When concomitant chronic diseases, conduct anti-inflammatory treatment. The diet is administered is mild, not irritating the mucous membranes of the food. Perform antiseptic mouthwash, severe pain make an application with the anesthetics. Plaque from the tongue removed with a swab soaked in proteolytic enzymes.

    Gingivitis

    What are the gum disease in the mouth in adults, their main symptoms? Often the gums are affected by gingivitis.

    Gingivitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the alveolar bone, which is formed on the outer part of the gums between the teeth and the dermal papilla. The acute phase of the disease occurs in young people, the elderly rarely get sick or in chronic form.

    Symptoms of gingivitis:

  • Заболевания полости рта взрослого человека: симптомы и лечениеSwelling, redness or bruising of the gums.
  • Bleeding, itching, burning sensation in the gums.
  • Unpleasant taste in the mouth.
  • Bad breath.
  • The increase in body temperature.
  • Ulcerative gingivitis are severe deep wounds.
  • The reason for the formation of the disease is weak immunity, presence of chronic diseases, injuries of the oral cavity, hormone imbalance, plaque, poor hygiene, malocclusion.

    There are the following forms of the disease: catarrhal, atrophic, ulcerative, gingivostomatit Vincent, hypertrophic.

    The treatment begins with a dental cleaning Tartar. If the stage is not launched these measures is sufficient. To restore the normal microflora carry out antibacterial treatment mouth. With the development of inflammation antibiotics are prescribed. To relieve pain take anesthetics. With deep ulcers, necrotic lesions, surgical treatment.

    Partonic

    Diseases of the oral cavity, affecting the periodontal tissues (tissues surrounding the teeth) are referred to as periodontitis. Thus in the inflammatory process involves not only the gums, but the periodontal ligament, mezhalveolyarnyh partitions. This can lead to loss of healthy teeth.

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    Заболевания полости рта взрослого человека: симптомы и лечениеSymptoms of periodontitis:

  • Swelling, redness, soreness of the gums.
  • Hypersensitivity, bleeding gums.
  • The presence of periodontal pockets, purulent discharge from them.
  • Mobility of the teeth.
  • Provoke the development of periodontitis dental plaque, poor hygiene, hormonal disorders, chronic diseases, vitamin deficiency, malocclusion.

    There are 3 degrees of severity: mild, moderate, severe. At the initial stage, there is a decrease of the mucous membrane of the gums, exposure of the roots. Later developing tooth mobility. In severe alveolar bone decreases by half, greatly Заболевания полости рта взрослого человека: симптомы и лечениеexposing the roots. The teeth are highly mobile.

    Types of periodontitis: localized, generalized, purulent, aggressive. They differ in the area of tissue damage, presence of purulent discharge. Running the stage of the disease can affect the internal organs.

    Diseases of the mouth start to heal with the removal of Tartar. Drug therapy is prescribed antibiotics, the treatment of the mucous membranes analgesic, antiseptic drugs. When loose teeth is splinting with a special tape. If a strong bare roots, carried out the operation to restore gingival contour.