Diseases of the teeth and gums in humans

Diseases of the teeth and soft tissues of the oral cavity cause discomfort, disrupt their way of life, adversely affect the appearance, cause difficulty chewing. Cause of various diseases is poor hygienic care, untimely visits to the doctor, poor immunity, presence of chronic diseases of internal organs. Treats diseases of the teeth and gums in children and adults dentist, modern clinics offer services for the treatment and prevention of caries, pulpitis, gingivitis, periodontitis.

Caries

What are the disease of the gums and teeth in humans, as manifested their symptoms, what are the treatments? The process of destruction of the tooth structure is called dental caries. Cause the development of pathological processes of pathogenic microorganisms (Streptococcus), living in the mouth. Болезни зубов и десен у человекаThe result of their life bacteria produce organic acids that lead to destruction of enamel and dentin.

An important role in the development of caries plays a care for the oral cavity, human nutrition, the amount entering the body of trace minerals, General health. A large number of sweets in the diet helps to create an acidic environment in the mouth, is convenient for the propagation of carious bacteria. With regular brushing, the risk of damage to enamel is greatly reduced.

Another reason of tooth decay is lack of fluoride, this leads to thinning and destruction of the enamel. The rate of destruction of dental tissues depends on hygiene, diet, General state of health.

The stages of development of caries:

  • Chalky spot on the enamel surface.
  • Carious lesions of dentin.
  • Deep decay.
  • If you do not spend a timely treatment, dental caries leads to inflammation of the pulp (nerve tissue) and the development of pulpitis. At the first signs of a destructive process, you have to visit the dentist and close the defect with a filling material. At the stage of a chalky spot to be completely restored and remineralization of enamel.

    For early detection of caries must be 2 times a year to visit a doctor, to clean the teeth from plaque and solid stone.

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    Pulpitis

    What are the names of diseases of the gums and teeth in adults? Neglected caries leads to pulpitis. This inflammation of nerve tissue located deep in the crown and root canals.

    Pulp performs the function of nutrition of the tooth, contains blood vessels, nerve fibers that communicate with the core through the apical hole in the apex of the root. The causes of the disease can be mechanical trauma to the tooth, deep decay, periodontal disease surrounding tissues.

    Болезни зубов и десен у человекаPulpitis is acute or chronic form. In the period of exacerbation occurs intense pain, aggravated at night. Discomfort bother as when exposure to a stimulus and spontaneous. In the formation of necrotic masses may be suppuration the pain become throbbing, the body temperature rises. Patients it is difficult to tell exactly which tooth is bothering them because of Radiomania pain along the nerve branches. Chronic pulpitis is less pronounced symptoms arise periodically exacerbation.

    Treatment is accomplished by surgical removal of the inflamed pulp, cleaning the root canal filling and blending materials.

    Hypersensitivity

    Increased sensitivity of tooth enamel on the effects of mechanical stimuli, cold, hot or sour products is called hyperesthesia.

    Causes of hyperesthesia:

    • thinning enamel;
    • pathological abrasion of the tissue;
    • Болезни зубов и десен у человекаwedge-shaped defects;
    • of enamel erosion.

    Increases the sensitivity in the initial stages of dental caries, after the bleaching treatments, with pathology of periodontal tissues, accompanied by exposure of the necks of the teeth. Diseases of internal organs, hormonal imbalance can also negatively affect the condition of the enamel.

    The treatment is carried out taking into account the reasons that caused the hypersensitivity. Remove caries and remove Tartar. To restore hard tissues perform the fluoridation of enamel, prescribed the use of hygienic toothpastes with high fluoride content. Patients are encouraged to diet, promote natural remineralization of the protective shell of your teeth.

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    Gingivitis

    What are gum diseases, their symptoms and treatments? One of the inflammatory disorders that can affect the soft tissue of the alveolar process is gingivitis. It is a pathological process, which affects the marginal part of the gums and interdental papillae. The main features of the development of gingivitis in adults is a red, swollen gums, bleeding while brushing the teeth.

    The most frequent cause gingivitis Tartar and plaque, which are sources of pathogenic organisms. Risk factors – hormonal imbalance in the body, malocclusion, impaired mineral metabolism, weakened immunity, bad habits.

    Gingivitis is:

    • catarrhal;
    • ulcerative-necrotic;
    • hypertrophic.

    With the progression of the disease swelling of the gums is enhanced, it can cover more than half of the tooth crown and apply on the free portion of the alveolar process. On palpation, during hygienic procedures there is pain and bleeding.

    Болезни зубов и десен у человекаSevere, advanced forms of gingivitis can lead to damage of the deeper tissues of the periodontium. It threatens the loss of teeth and other serious complications.

    Diagnose gum disease and their treatment dentist. Begin therapy with removal of Tartar. Then assign regular antiseptic treatment of the oral cavity, application of ointments, gels on the affected areas. When purulent processes in patients taking antibiotics. It is also important to strengthen the immune system, to ensure the saturation of the organism with necessary microelements.

    Gives good results the treatment of gum disease in adults with the help of folk remedies, in combination with drug therapy is the strengthening of the mucous membranes, normalizes mineral metabolism in tissues, reduces redness, bleeding, pain.

    Periodontitis

    How is gum disease, which thins out the cervix and the roots of the teeth? Is periodontitis. The disease affects the deep tissue of the alveolar process. A symptom of the disease is the formation of periodontal pockets, swelling, redness, bleeding, pain in the soft tissues.

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    With the progression of periodontitis gum sags, bare neck, the roots of the teeth. From gum pockets are highlighted festering mass, there is a pathological tooth mobility.

    Causes of periodontitis:

    • Tartar;
    • a metabolic process;
    • launched gingivitis;
    • chronic diseases of internal organs;
    • hormonal imbalance.

    Periodontitis, like other diseases of the gums begin to heal with the removal of Tartar. In the initial stages of these procedures are enough to eliminate the pathology. In more severe cases, Болезни зубов и десен у человекаconduct a periodontal pocket curettage for removal of deep bacterial deposits that are hidden under the mucous membrane.

    At home patients do rinse the mouth with antiseptic solutions, apply anti-inflammatory gels, ointments, folk remedies.

    With the ineffectiveness of surgical treatment performed patchwork surgery to remove the stone. Restore the volume of the atrophied bone tissue by replanting the biological material that accelerates the regeneration of tissues. The gum increase with the grafting sites of the mucous membranes, taken from the top of the sky.

    Inflammatory gum disease with timely treatment to the doctor are for 7-10 days. If you constantly postpone the visit to the dentist, attempt to cure the pathology, we can only temporarily improve the condition. For full recovery requires comprehensive treatment.

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