Fistula on the gums: symptoms and treatment at home
Fistula or gingival fistula is the result of the inflammatory process in the soft tissues of the oral cavity. The inflammation, usually located at the apex of the tooth. In the formation of an abscess on the gums formed by the accumulation of pus, which subsequently breaks out and forms a fistulous course in the soft tissues or gums. The causative agent of this disease are bacteria – gonococci, staphylococci, and pneumococci. Thus, the pyogenic microorganisms, trapped in a favourable environment the main cause of fistula. Under the influence of microorganisms in the gingival pocket fluid accumulates exudate.
According to the etiology fistula be placed on: congenital and acquired. In relation to external factors: external and internal.
The causes of fistula on the gums
If formed, the fistula, the causes can be varied, from inflammation in the body to the wrong dentist.
At home indirect causes of fistula can be: overheating, hypothermia, infectious diseases, fatigue.
Treated early dental caries entails the inflammation of the tooth nerve. Which in turn leads to the development of local infection in the tooth pulp. In the process of development of the inflammatory process, from the root of the teeth formed an abscess filled with blood and pus.
Abscess, eventually, they hiss open to vent the contents to the outside.
In the formation of cysts on the root of the tooth pain or any other unpleasant sensations are absent. The patient may not know of the presence of the disease. While in the soft tissues at the point of projection of the tooth is not formed is dense, filled with white fluid pocket. The cyst is removed only through surgical intervention. Any traditional methods and means used in the home, when you have a tooth cyst, can not help.
Granuloma — education of the oral cavity that are different from cysts by the absence of the shell. The size of the granulomas is rarely more than 5mm. the Treatment usually is to puncture under the control of the dentist and a thorough systematic lavage of the cavity with a solution furatsilina, in the home.
Problems with teething can cause a fistula on the gums. The tooth is trying to grow, injure and irritate the gums and in the place of growth starts swelling develops into inflammation.
When there is insufficient depth of filling canal of the tooth, upper left without the seal begins to fester, spreading the infection beyond the tooth into the soft tissue.
Symptoms of the disease
Fistulous course in the gum, a hole in the thicker soft tissue, communicating with the oral cavity. Before opening the fistula on the gums are usually covered with thin mucosal tissue. How looks the resulting fistula on the gums, can be tracked by what he symptoms.
- The first symptom of a fistula is dental pain. It occurs when biting on the affected tooth or exposed to hot — cold. To determine the presence of the disease, the dentist kicks alternately on each tooth, watching the reaction of the patient;
- In severe cases with severe inflammation, there may be loosening of the teeth;
- Gums around the fistulous swollen and inflamed;
- May increase the temperature of the body.
To determine the disease, the dentist enough to visually inspect the patient, the presence of a fistula in the mouth. To do additional tests, such as x-rays, prescribed only in extreme cases. If the symptoms are an indication of the extensive lesion of soft tissues or periosteum. What is better to treat a fistula on the gums?
Treatment of fistula on the gums
How to treat a fistula on the gums right? If there was a fistula in the gums, then the treatment usually becomes a secondary task for the doctor and the patient. The main thing is the elimination of the causes of its formation. Usually, it is the treatment of the affected tooth. If you have the patients mouth crowns or complex pin designs that prevent rasplanirovke and treatment of the tooth, the dentist can decide on the need for surgery. Until the complete removal of a tooth or truncate apex.
Fistula on the gums what can I do to cure the patient? Usually administered a comprehensive rehabilitation plan. Which includes:
- Ultrasonic treatment or laser irradiation;
- Can also cauterize the fistulous diametrical current;
- Rinse oral cavity with disinfecting solutions;
- A course of antibiotics.
How to treat a fistula on the gum at home?
If there was a fistula on the gums, treatment at home involves the use of traditional medicine. Recipes for natural herbs not only help to heal the fistula, but also to prevent its occurrence.
How to cure the formed fistula on the gums for a few days? This can be achieved, if you do the cauterization of the affected areas infusion of: calendula, dandelion, yarrow, clover or tansy.
One clove of garlic, passed through a meat grinder together with aloe, you need to wrap in a sterile bandage. And applied to the inflamed area three times a day for ten minutes.
Fistula in the gums, what to do for the successful treatment of the disease. And for this it is necessary to apply to dentistry. It is not necessary to wait for possible complications. If you start an inflammatory process to chance, then surgical intervention can not be avoided. Therefore, it is recommended to pay special attention to the prevention of diseases of the teeth and oral cavity. To do this systematically undergo an examination in the dental office, as well as good hygiene, healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition.