Gingivitis in children: symptoms and treatment of gingivitis
Gingivitis in children, and simply put — inflammation of the gums, a common disease. Little children under 4 years suffer from this disease at 2% and up to 13 years, this figure increases to 40 times: 80% observed in dentistry of children have gingivitis.
This disease is the result of the impact of negative external and internal factors. In this article we will analyze what are the types of gingivitis are striking in the oral cavity of children, what causes, what to do if inflamed gums of the child than to treat gingivitis in a child 1-2 years of age and older.
Before you start treatment by yourself, determine what it is exactly inflammation of the gums of the child and that it is gingivitis, stomatitis and not, for example. Only when You’re sure about that you can start treatment of gingivitis in children. In taking the right treatment will help the pediatric dentist or the dentist-periodontal.
What is «gingivitis»
Gingivitis (gum inflammation), as well as an adult is a disease that affects the gingival and gingival papilla, which is located between the teeth. Gingivitis: symptoms and proper treatment in children is important because neglect can result in serious consequences, e.g., increasing inflammation, which will destroy the gums and bone tissue, which will eventually lead to loosening and, possibly, premature loss of teeth. Gingivitis is closely bordered by the notion of «stomatitis» is inflammation of the oral mucosa.
The causes of gingivitis
The causes of this disease are many. If the child has gingivitis, you should pay attention to the cardiovascular system, food and digestion: does the baby’s problems with food digestion does not suffer if he hypovitaminosis, if he has allergic reactions, infectious diseases. Besides, the cause of gingivitis in children acts present on the teeth plaque, lose chemicals, and infection. Necessary to examine the mucous membrane of the mouth: may the baby stomatitis.
Most often the cause of gingivitis should be sought in infectious diseases. Children often suffer from gingivitis for this reason, because the concept about oral hygiene, many formed enough. Besides, the human immune system undergoes many complex metamorphoses, and the final processes of education only to the end of pubertal period. This explains the fact that the guys are more susceptible to gingivitis, even in the absence of other causes. Also risk those children who have a lot of caries affected teeth. Often a cavity is a haven for those bacteria, which later will be the cause of gingivitis in a young child 2years of life and more.
High probability of gingivitis in that case, if you have the following diseases:
- diabetes mellitus;
- diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
Certain factors condition directly the oral cavity also affect the possibility of inflammation of the gums. This should include:
- poor oral hygiene;
- predominant mouth breathing;
- the presence of large carious cavities in the teeth;
- the presence of malocclusion, most often in the case of crowding of teeth;
- insufficient oral hygiene when wearing orthodontic technology;
- abnormal development of bridles of language and lips;
- diseases of the oral mucosa (stomatitis, etc.);
- for a long period of teething in babies;
- incorrect fillings and so on.
To assess the degree of inflammation of the gums is possible by analyzing the following indicators: presence of edema, bleeding, the nature of the disease: General or localized, hypertrophy and so on.
According to the degree of development of the disease gingivitis in a young child 1 year and older can be divided into three categories:
The symptoms of gingivitis in children
In children who are 1-2 years there are many different forms of gingivitis, but we will learn the common symptoms of this disease, without considering special cases of gingivitis.
Parent should suspect gingivitis your child in the event that if:
- the baby gums bleed;
- there are complaints of pain when brushing your teeth;
- noticeable swelling in the area of regional gingiva and interdental papilla;
- Chad redness of the gums – this indicates Stroy stage of gingivitis;
- visible cyanosis mucous membranes of the gums; this symptom can be fixed in the transition of the acute form of disease into chronic;
- occurs bad breath;
- there are complaints that he feels the taste of food not as informed;
- there is a stomatitis;
- complain of pain in the gums during chemical and mechanical effects on the mouth and so on.
List the possible symptoms of this disease can be very long, but if even a few of them, then you should think about urgent treatment of gingivitis.
How to treat gingivitis
Gum disease is serious, so parents should consult a qualified professional for help. The dentist will help to determine the extent of the disease, its type, specify the causes and make a treatment plan.
It is impossible to answer unequivocally how to treat gingivitis in children. It is worth noting the following:
Removal of accumulated plaque and Tartar
Any medical treatment with antibiotics and rinses will be useless as long as the tooth surface is removed all soft and hard plaque. Of course, the disease will subside for a time, but later it will recur because the cause has not disappeared.
To remove plaque in dental clinic using ultrasound therapy. It is completely painless and safe.
Therapy to remove inflammation
Here we will answer the question of how to treat gingivitis in children. Also we will offer, and how to treat the baby gingivitis.
In order that the treatment be full, and you also need to do a variety of antiseptic rinse. Perfectly suited for this purpose, solutions of drugs, such as Miramistin, Chlorhexidine. In any case can not be used in the treatment of this disease (gingivitis) children 1-2 years and older, tincture on alcohol as they may damage the mucous membranes.
How to treat gum disease, or gingivitis, the child or children. There are also gels and ointments to promote healing, for example, Holisal or Metrogyl.
Sanitation of the oral cavity
In order to avoid relapses and improve the mouth should be treatment of all carious cavities in the teeth.
Prevention of gingivitis
In order to avoid the occurrence of gingivitis, ensure that Your child abide by the rules of oral hygiene. That and brushing your teeth, and Your part: choose the right toothbrush and toothpaste specifically for Your kid.
You should form a habit of healthy eating. Do not allow children to do snacks, limit the number of sweets in the diet. Resolve to eat dessert immediately after a meal. In five minutes after a meal should brush your teeth.
Look to see whether the baby stomatitis. Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.