Gingivitis: symptoms and treatment in adults
Gingivitis is quite common among all groups of the population. It is manifested by inflammation of the gums, swelling, redness and bleeding. Disease, especially in the early stages of their seem completely harmless, so it is often ignored. Running process leads to periodontitis, in which inflammation is not only the gums but also the tissues located deeper.
Gingivitis treatment leads to complete elimination of the pathological process. This is the only gum disease, which is cured, not simply translated into remission. Should be increased attention to the first symptoms, to avoid possible irreversible problems with the gums.
Causes and symptoms of gingivitis
Before how to treat gingivitis, you need to determine its causes. This inflammation of the gums is independent of concomitant disease or other pathologies: acute and chronic disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, heart and blood vessels, blood-forming organs. Can be triggered by infections and changes in hormone production. Then the gingivitis is considered a symptom of an underlying pathology that should be treated by a specialist of the corresponding profile.
The causes of gingivitis are internal (reduced immunity, metabolic disorders, allergies, diabetes, neuropsychiatric disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, teething, abnormal structure of the gums, etc.). and external (various injuries of the gums, infection of the oral cavity, Smoking, mouth breathing, lack of hygiene, etc.).
Gingivitis often develop because of plaque that is formed under the action of toxins secreted by microorganisms.
The appearance of the inflammatory process is the result of irregular or improper brushing.
Gingivitis is of several forms that define the symptoms and treatment of the disease in both adults and children:
In the diagnosis the main feature distinguishing gingivitis from periodontitis and periodontal disease is that the disease is accompanied by inflammation of just the gum tissue. The pathological process is not concerned with muscular ligaments, bone tissue, and no formation of periodontal pockets, on x-ray images exhibits no signs of bone resorption.
Compulsory medical measures
Gingivitis treatment involves a series of events:
The above-listed activities is sufficient catarrhal gingivitis. When revealed hypertrophic form, treatment, in addition to the General measures, requires the excision of growing tissues traditional surgical method or by using laser equipment.
Ulcerative-necrotic form, it may be impossible immediately to carry out cleaning by means of ultrasound, so at first the doctor injects an anesthetic and remove dead gum tissue using enzymatic preparations. Then held local and systemic antimicrobial therapy. When the acute phase of the disease subsides, you can carry out professional cleaning of teeth and gums, rinsing with antiseptic solutions.
Advanced cases of atrophic forms of gingivitis may require gingivoplasty – transplants gum tissue from a healthy site.
Medication and folk remedies
What can effectively treat gingivitis in adults? Combination of pharmacy and folk remedies. For rinsing of the mouth can be applied:
- Chlorophyllin (for baths);
- potassium permanganate;
- decoctions of herbs (chamomile, sage, etc.);
- propolis tincture.
Make application and rubbing the following means:
- Butadiona ointment;
- sea buckthorn and peach oil.
When hypertrophic gingivitis additionally appointed the use of ointments Dioximes, Dimexidum or Dioksidina, rinse Aguila, injecting the mixture of glucose and calcium chloride in each of the gingival papilla.
Ulcerative-necrotic gingivitis – an application of the enzymatic mixture (lidaza, trypsin, himopsin etc.), pain relievers (Kamistad, Benzocaine).
Funds for the children’s age
Gingivitis in children is not uncommon, its treatment begins with the use of painkillers: Kalela, Dentinox-gel, drops Evident. As the children’s version of this disease often occurs on the background of the first tooth, acute viral or fungal infection in the gums, and other therapeutic interventions based on the intake of antiviral, antifungal, antibiotics.
Viral infections are treated or Boyforboy Oxolinic ointment Vinylinum, Zovirax. When joining a bacterial infection requires the use of anti-inflammatory ointments, and gargle with antiseptic solutions (Miramistina, decoctions of herbs), the use of local antiseptic tablets (I have).
In adolescence, when changes in hormone production often appears bleeding gums. In this case, you need to focus on thorough cleansing of the teeth and to report the problem to the dentist on a routine inspection.
Remedies for pregnant
During pregnancy reception of many banned drugs, how to cure in this case, the gingivitis? If the disease is not running, you can be rid of, strictly fulfilling all rules of hygiene of an oral cavity and using the following medications:
- Miramistin in the form of a spray;
- I have in the form of tablets;
- Sea buckthorn and dog rose oil;
- Herbal teas (chamomile, sage, Calendulae).
Gingivitis in pregnant women and during menopause caused by change in hormonal production. As in other cases, the disease makes its debut catarrhal form. Redness of the gums and occasional bleeding often go unnoticed, but identifying problems at early stages – the main condition of successful treatment.
Preventing the development of gingivitis
The main measures to prevent the development of gingivitis is regular hygiene procedures. Also you should avoid exposure to corrosive substances and conditions in the gum: stop Smoking, follow correct breathing through the nose, do not eat too hot, sour or spicy food and drinks etc During pregnancy, menopause and adolescence to very carefully monitor the color change of the gums, their condition. It is important not to skip routine checkups because it can detect the problem at a very early stage, when treatment is still possible at home.