Gum disease: what to do and how to treat?

One common reason why people turn to dentists, is an inflammatory disease of the gums. Pathology gives the patient pain, discomfort while eating, violates the aesthetic appearance of the mouth. Gingivitis is a common symptom of gingivitis, periodontal disease and periodontitis. Why pathology develops and how it should be treated?

What causes inflammation

What are the causes of gingivitis and what is necessary to carry out the treatment at home:

  • hormonal imbalance;
  • the metabolic disorders;
  • a weakened immune system;
  • viral or infectious diseases;
  • malocclusion;
  • concomitant chronic diseases of internal organs;
  • Tartar deposits;
  • malocclusion;
  • bad oral hygiene.

If inflamed gums, the treatment prescribed by the dentist after removal of Tartar. Therapy aimed at treatment of diseased tissues, ointments, gels, antiseptic mouthwashes, strengthening the immune system. Additionally, you can use folk remedies.

Gingivitis

Воспаление десен: что делать и как лечить?One of the causes of inflammation of the gums – gingivitis. Is a disease that affects the mucous membranes at the base of the crowns and interdental papillae. The pathology is characterized by swelling, tenderness, redness, bleeding of the gum tissue during brushing.

Acute gingivitis is most common in children during teething, young people, pregnant women. The chronic form of the disease occurs in the elderly.

Gingivitis may be limited to a certain group of teeth, or affect large areas of the mucous membranes.

If the disease progresses, the inflammatory process may be involved the soft tissues of both jaws. Gradually increasing swelling which can close the teeth in half.

Gingivitis treatment at home

If swollen, sore and inflamed gums, what to do, than to treat it at home? To eliminate pathogens by using gargles of the mouth. For this purpose, the solution Chlorhexidine, Miramistina or Chlorophyllipt. If there is no pharmacy means, you can prepare a antiseptic houses of baking soda and salt. These products can affect bacteria, reducing inflammation. The soaking solution is prepared from half teaspoon of salt and same amount of soda, diluted in warm water (200 ml). The procedure is carried out 5-6 times a day.

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What can cure gum disease and how to reduce the pain? For these purposes, you can use a decoction of medicinal herbs. Chamomile, mint, sage, Hypericum, oak bark, calendula flowers reduce inflammation, promote regeneration of damaged epithelium, normalize metabolism, saturate the periodontal tissues with vitamins and microelements.

Воспаление десен: что делать и как лечить?What remedy from swelling, inflammation of the gums help with gingivitis? For the local treatment of the mucosa applied pharmaceutical gels and ointment. In their composition contains antiseptics, antibiotics, painkillers features.

Gels, treating inflammation of the gums:

  • Metrogyl Denta;
  • Asepta;
  • Holisal;
  • Solcoseryl;
  • Heparin ointment.

Medications applied to inflamed areas after brushing and leave for 15-20 minutes. Within 30 minutes you should refrain from eating, drinking beverages. The treatment lasts 7-10 days.

Periodontitis

Why inflamed and very sore gums? Cause of pathology can be periodontitis. It is a disease that affects the deep tissue of the alveolar process. The inflammatory process causes swelling, bleeding, soreness of the soft tissues. Periodontal pockets are formed, the exfoliation of the mucous membranes from the crowns. Gradually atrophy of bone tissue, gum drops, cracks appear between the teeth, Baring their necks and roots.

If inflamed gums and a long time to see a doctor, from periodontal pockets begin to stand out festering mass, overall health of the patient worsens, body temperature rises. There is abnormal tooth mobility.

Treatment of periodontal disease at home

Воспаление десен: что делать и как лечить?How to treat gingivitis with periodontitis, what can I do at home? Periodontitis treatment starts with the removal of Tartar. Then prescribe antiseptic procedures and the application of gels.

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At home it is useful to massage the mucous membranes with a soft toothbrush dipped in a decoction of walnut leaves. This plant contains a lot of iodine, which is a good antiseptic. Massage helps to normalize metabolic processes, improves blood circulation in the damaged tissues.

How else can you treat gingivitis? From the leaves of a walnut cook the alcohol infusion. Two tablespoons of a fresh plant is crushed and pour 250 ml of vodka. Infused for 21 days in a dark room. The tool must be constantly stirred, so that the surface formed a mould. Extract obtained wipe mucous membranes 2-3 times a day. It helps to reduce inflammation, pain, swelling, strengthen blood flow.

How to treat inflamed, swollen gums? Help a decoction of Hypericum perforatum. This plant has anti-inflammatory, astringent, sedative properties, promotes tissue regeneration. Brewed a decoction of 2 tablespoons of herbs and 400 ml of water. This remedy can be taken internally to strengthen the immune system, to rinse their mouths or RUB the gums, lotions do.

What helps against gum inflammation, what treatment you can perform at home? If there are no contraindications, you can use St. John’s wort oil. A useful tool lubricate the mucous membranes, doing massage. Oil helps to remove inflammation, speed healing. It Воспаление десен: что делать и как лечить?addition, it contains a large amount of useful vitamins and minerals. Contraindicated treatment with essential oils if the inflammation of the gums occurs in the purulent form.

What to do, than to treat the gums, if they are very inflamed and sore? Effectively help the bee products. You can apply honey, propolis, bee venom in the form of lotions, applications, alcohol tinctures. These remedies are natural antioxidants, remove toxins and waste products from the inflamed tissues. Honey contains the necessary for strengthening of tissues vitamins, minerals. You cannot use these funds for people suffering from allergies to the products of bees.

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How you can quickly cure the gums from inflammation? If worried about gum disease, you need to visit the dentist. Treatment should begin with rehabilitation of the oral cavity and Tartar removal. At home, you can use folk remedies based on herbs, natural products.