Herpes in the mouth: how to treat on the palate, the gums and oral mucosa in a child and adults
One of the most common viral diseases recognized as herpes in the mouth. It is characterized by eruption of group of unpleasant vesicles on oral mucosa and the lips. It is important to know how to treat cold sores in the mouth, due to the fact that neglect of the disease can provoke a recurrence of herpes and various complications.
Most people are infected with herpes simplex 1 or type 2 in childhood.This virus being in the body of the people, if they are not affected by various pathologies is hidden. But if a person’s immune system, for some reason weakened, the herpes in the mouth may occur.
Herpes in the mouth
Herpes in the mouth infected with about 80-90% of people. However, it is manifested, as a rule, only approximately 5% of carriers of the virus.
Infection with the virus occurs in early childhood, when children have not yet developed appropriate antibodies. The virus easily spreads in connection with the peculiarities of the behavior of young children. They often take other people’s items, a lot of contact with other children, especially when visiting kindergartens.
In babies until they reach 6 months herpes is rarely seen, especially if the baby is breastfed.
But children 1 to 4 years according to statistics of herpes in the mouth found in most cases. This age group accounts for 80% of all cases of herpes in the mouth.
The children of this age often herpes virtually asymptomatic and not worried about the kids. In this case, only when the oral examination can detect the sores.
Rarely encounters a herpes in children occur in the acute form. While in children the temperature rises, bubbles in the mouth, headache and General weakness appears.
In cases of recurrence, and in older teenagers, the bubbles begin to spread to the lip.
After 4 years of symptoms of herpes begin to meet less frequently, while his manifestations are becoming rarer. So, people in the age group of 50 years and more herpes is rare, accounting for only 2-3% of cases.
The disease is pronounced. But to distinguish it from other is quite difficult, as its symptoms are similar to many other diseases. For example, in the first stages herpes symptoms are very similar by external signs with symptoms of stomatitis. In secondary infection herpes appears in the form of bubbles already on the lips and in the throat, so to distinguish it from the stomatitis becomes easier.
Herpes in the mouth characterized by the following symptoms:
- the appearance on the oral mucosa of white or yellow bubbles with liquid inside, which after about 3 days opened, leaving sores on the spot of its appearance;
- General malaise;
- mouth felt burning and itching;
- inflamed submandibular and cervical nodes (increase in size and when you click on them you can feel the pain);
- gums and the mucous membrane darker;
- pain is felt when eating;
- there is swelling of the mucous membranes of the mouth;
Herpes with timely treatment leaves no consequences. Symptoms such as ulcers heal quickly without leaving scars. Swelling also subsides quickly.
How to treat
Before you start to treat cold sores in the mouth need to be diagnosed. The diagnosis is made by visual examination of the mouth, and a doctor can be administered blood tests and a smear.
At present there is no effective treatment, how to treat herpes in the mouth integrated tools. At the same time doctors prescribe antiviral, immunostimulating drugs, and are appointed by the local media.
It is recommended to use a special diet during the treatment period, containing a large number of dairy products such as milk, cheese, curd and required amount of vitamins.
In the mouth of a child
Body of a child differs from an adult in connection with treatment for kids should be approached more cautiously and take into account that the doses of the drugs used, they are much smaller than in adults.
Children, like adults, are prescribed antiviral drugs, such as Magasin, Zovirax, Acyclovir.
Is also appointed Immunostimulants, such as Acetal, Immunal, Dekaris, and others. For this purpose, preparations of local application, such as methyluracyl ointment or solution Galaskorbin. Spread mouth they need 2-3 times a day and leave for 10 minutes.
Kids prescribed more and vitamins. In most cases, it is ascorbic acid, calcium and fish oil.
Children are much harder through pain, in connection with what herpes in the mouth of a child can cause refusal to eat. Therefore, frequently used ointments, providing analgesic action, and promote accelerated healing of ulcers. For pain use solutions of Procaine, Lidocaine. To relieve itching, you can apply Diazolin, Tavegil.
In case of fever, use of antipyretics, such as Efferalgan, children’s Paracetamol, Nurofen.
To quickly cure herpes of the mouth in children, treatment should include local treatment of the vesicles and ulcers. For this you can prepare a solution of chamomile, sage, lemon balm according to the following recipe: infused with any of the herbs according to the instructions on the package, and then 1 tablespoon of broth mixed with 1 Cup of warm water. Rinse your mouth after each meal and preferably at least 6 times a day.
Allowed for mouthwash use, and medications, such as Furatsilina, Chlorhexidine or.
To disinfect the mouth and promote healing of wounds apply lotions. It can be prepared by using drugs such as Himopsin, Lysozyme. Also they are effective in ridding the mouth of dead skin.
Lotion do 1 time a day, using a cotton pad, some dry in the prepared solution. The disk is held in the mouth for about 10 minutes.
During treatment it is important that the baby was on a diet. You can even eat warm food, eliminating harmful and pungent foods and products, irritating the mucous membranes of the mouth.
Treatment of herpes in the mouth in adults must be accompanied by a raising of immunity. And after the person has recovered, it needs to monitor their health, because any inflammation or disturbance in the functioning of the immune system trigger the occurrence of relapse of herpes.
By itself, the herpes adult harmless phenomenon, if you can get timely and correct treatment. Otherwise, the disease can have serious consequences. Especially dangerous herpes in pregnant women and people with immune deficiency.
The most common are the following complications:
- starts the fever-induced intoxication;
- affects the Central nervous system (with a very weakened immune system can lead to a lethal outcome);
- herpes spreads throughout the body.
Pregnant women have herpes of the oral mucosa may lead to miscarriage, and also serious deviations in physical and mental development of the fetus.
In the sky
The mucous membrane of the septum that separates the oral cavity from the nasal, very thin and receptive.
Specifics of treatment of herpes is the same as in the whole oral cavity. The only difference is that the ulcers are very painful and long time to heal due to the fact that the sky is constantly rubs the tongue. Long healing of wounds promotes rapid further spread of infection. With the aim of eliminating pain and more rapid healing of wounds, are often prescribed, such means of the local application, as Kalgel, Kamistad, and other similar drugs. Also for faster healing, it is recommended to use vitamin C.
In addition, this herpes is often accompanied by high fever and toxicity. These symptoms last about 1 week. So treat cold sores in the mouth to start with antiviral drugs, fever-reducing and cleansing the body means.
In severe forms of the disease prescribe antibiotics: Amoxicillin, Biseptol. The sky during the treatment process boyforboy, dubrovinoy Florencio or ointments.
On the gums
Most often herpes on the gums implies treatment, which includes complex use of drugs of different actions.
In most cases, the doctor prescribes within 5 days of the antiviral drug Bonafton. Use it in cycles, that is after 5 days is a break of 2 days.
Also prescribers with acyclovir. But if herpes on the gums, it acquires a severe form, is still prescribed antibiotics.
Before local application of antiviral drugs the gums it is recommended to treat Desoksiribonukleata solution.
You can also handle the mouth tools, such as decoctions of chamomile, sage, or antiseptic, such as Chlorhexidine. These methods are most effective if the disease occurs in a mild form.
The first eruption on the gums, it should be treated with one of the following ointments: boyforboy, dubrovinoy or Florencio.
Also assigned immunostimulatory drugs, such as Larafan, Radostin, Cycloferon or.
When manifestations of the strong swelling of the gums, are appointed by antihistamines: Suprastin, Tavegil, Zertek. With a strong swelling used hormonal agents: Dexamethasone and Prednisolone. During treatment uses vitamins C and R.
In the oral mucosa
Treatment of herpes in the first place depends on the severity of the disease. You need to remember that the virus can not be destroyed, and the goal of treatment is to bring the virus into remission (the hidden flow).
Herpes in the mouth treat the following:
In any case, finding the bubbles in your mouth you need to contact the doctor to diagnose the disease. If you are diagnosed with herpes in the mouth, follow doctor’s advice and try to stick to a diet that excludes solid foods, spicy and sour dishes. Don’t forget to eliminate sugary and starchy foods, because glucose promotes the rapid spread of herpes.