Inflammation of the sublingual salivary gland: treatment
Sialadenitis is the inflammation of the sublingual salivary gland. Such disease is rare, and alone it is almost impossible to diagnose. With proper and timely treatment of any complications will not, but if you let inflammation go, it threatens to cellulitis of the floor of the mouth, secondary infection or abscess. In the case of inflammation of the sublingual salivary gland, the treatment must be started immediately.
There are three pairs of salivary glands: the parotid, sublingual and submandibular. The size of the sublingual glands are smaller than the other, they are located directly under the mucous membrane. Their main feature is that these glands produced saliva rich in mucin enzyme has increased activity of the phosphates and alkaline environment.
Symptoms and types of inflammation
In the initial stages the disease goes unnoticed, obvious symptoms easy to mistake the symptoms of any other disease: dry mouth, swelling of the neck and face, fever, pain during movement of the jaws. In some cases, an unpleasant taste, the problems with opening the mouth and disorders of taste.
The cause of the inflammation is usually trapped inside an infection (bacterial sialadenitis), often this happens on the background of complications of other diseases. Treat them inflammation of the tonsils, sore throat, gum problems or nasopharynx. Possible contact sialadenitis: a provoking factor here is the violation of the integrity of purulent foci with inflammation of the tissue in close proximity to the salivary glands. One of the main symptoms in this case – saliva with pus.
When the lymphogenous sialadenitis cause is immunodeficiency. At the very beginning of inflammation there is a slight swelling, turning into the seal, the final stage flows into the abscess or phlegmon. If in the salivary glands formed on the stone, the swelling will appear only during meals and after meals sensations will disappear. The only way to get rid of stone is to remove it surgically.
Cause of sialadenitis may be the ingress of a foreign body. Symptoms – increased salivary glands, pain, difficult process of salivation. Complications appear in the form of purulent tumors with phlegmons and abscesses.
How to treat
Self-medication to help cope with the discomfort and manage to block the first signs of the disease. It may seem that the problem is solved, but the disease will progress successfully, and the following symptoms will manifest only at the last stage.
Prescribe treatment can only a doctor, the process will depend on the type of inflammation. Bacterial sialadenitis needs introduction duct cancer antibiotics, viral – irrigation interferon oral cavity. If you already have any purulent abscess, it will have to open it. Assign can physiotherapy: electrophoresis, fluctuating, galvanization, UHF.
A chronic form of sialadenitis treatment lends itself not always, most of the manipulations carried out in the period of exacerbation. You need to use drugs that stimulate salivation and antibiotics.
Food during treatment should be soft, all the food is desirable to grind. Well it stimulates the salivary glands warm drink plenty of liquids: fruit drinks, broth hips, milk, natural juices. Bad habits, the healing process will slow down, alcohol and Smoking is contraindicated.
Be sure to respect all the rules of hygiene: brush your teeth twice a day, food residues from hard to reach places to remove with dental floss, after every meal – use conditioner.
Folk remedies against sialadenitis
To strengthen the effect of medicines can folk remedies that everyone can use on their own. Doctor’s consultation is not necessary, the only contraindication is individual intolerance of some products.
- mint, Veronica flowers, elder flowers;
- horsetail, flowers of immortelle, raspberry;
- the leaves of viburnum and yarrow;
- sage, eucalyptus and chamomile;
- 2 tbsp. of eucalyptus oil in a glass of water;
- 1 tablespoon of eryngium, pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for two hours.