Numb tongue or the tip: reason
Causes numbness of the tongue (paresthesia) or a certain part of glossalgia. This visual change in the structure of the muscle organ is not observed. Pathology is not an independent illness, but acts as a symptom of concomitant disease, nerve damage.
Numbness may occur not only in the body but may also affect the lips, the chin, the upper sky. Sometimes paresthesia affects all the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Glossalgia most often affects women over 40, men pathology is diagnosed rarely.
Causes of paresthesia
Why numb, tingling the tongue in humans, the main causes of the pathology:
- mucous membrane injury by dentures, sharp edges of teeth, mechanical damage;
- diseases of the nervous system, constant stress;
- disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, liver;
- damage to the lingual nerve;
- osteochondrosis of the cervical spine;
- pathologic occlusion;
- diseases of the endocrine system;
- damage to branches of the trigeminal nerve during dental procedures;
- a deficiency of vitamin B;
- benign or malignant tumors;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Violation of the sensitivity in the mouth can affect only the tip of the tongue, its side, sometimes numbs the whole body and the sky, lost sense of taste, the degree of damage depends on what reasons caused the pathology.
Signs of paresthesia
- numbness of tongue partial or complete;
- tingling, burning, tingling muscle in the body;
- discomfort while talking and eating;
- dryness in the mouth;
- wandering pain;
- sometimes bacteria form plaque on the mucosa;
- patients often suffer from nervous disorders;
- can be growths, lumps or tumors on the mucosal surface.
Why numb the tip, side or the entire surface of the tongue? Often numbness of the tongue is due to a pathological fear of patients before the treatment by a dentist or another doctor. At farrowing patients identify sleep disturbance, irritability or these people, on the contrary, suffer a lingering depression.
Why numb the tip of the tongue, lips, cheek what causes pathology? This happens after the failure of treatment of pulpitis or a tooth extraction. Because of the doctor injured nerves, numbs the tip of the tongue, can lose sensitivity, and the surrounding mucous membranes. This condition usually resolves on its own in 1-3 months. In case of preservation of paresthesia over a long period of time it should be treated by a neurologist.
Methods of diagnosis paresthesia
For various injuries visible traces of tissue damage, pain is localized in one place. With the development of glossalgia reduced sensitivity when exposed to the body structure of the mucous is not changed.
If numbness of the tongue caused by neuralgia, the pain is short-term, spreads along the nerve endings. If glossalgia pain syndrome has no clear localization, this is due to a lesion of the vagus nerve.
What causes numbness of the tongue with one hand? When neuritis occurs unilateral numbness of the tongue. In this region completely disappears sensitivity, and during the meal the feeling, on the contrary, increase.
In disorders of the nervous system necessary consultation and examination of a neurologist, imaging of the brain.
Treatment for paresthesia
If the numb, lost feeling in the tip of the tongue or other part of it, you need to seek help from a doctor to determine the cause of the disease. You may want review dentist, General practitioner, gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, psychotherapist.
Therapy of the oral cavity intended to eliminate the numbness of the tip of the tongue, the potential causes of the disease, decrease pain syndrome and normalize to taste.
Assign receive sedative drugs, blockade of the lingual nerve, injection of b vitamins and iron. Also use of an application with painkillers, antiseptic rinse. To promote salivation, to relieve the dry and plaque helps treatment of mucous membranes in vitamin A. If numb tip of the tongue, prescribed physiotherapy.
In the presence of growths, lumps that cause numbness of the tongue, it is necessary to consult an oncologist. Morbid growths excised surgically. If the disease is caused by disorders of the nervous system, sometimes it is enough conversation with the doctor and the appointment of sedatives.
Paresthesia can be a symptom of serious disease, so by reducing the sensitivity of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity should seek help from a doctor.