Periodontitis and periodontal disease: what is the difference?
Because of the similarity in the names periodontal disease is often confused with periodontitis and Vice versa. This problem is typical not only for patients but also for doctors. What distinguishes periodontitis from periodontal disease?
Both these diseases are associated with changes in the periodontal complex tissues that hold the tooth. Cause diseases are not always violations in the oral cavity, so diagnostic testing and therapeutic interventions not limited to the dentist’s office.
Differences in the causes of diseases
First, what distinguishes the disease from periodontal disease periodontitis is the cause. Why developing periodontal disease, is still not determined for sure. Risk factors include heredity, atherosclerotic changes of vessels, the presence of diabetes, disturbances in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, the lack of vitamins and some other diseases. Periodontal disease often occurs when blood circulation in periodontal tissues. The influence of local factors, such as the accession of infection, only aggravates the process, but not excites him.
Unlike periodontal disease, periodontitis occurs because of multiplication of pathogenic microflora found in dental deposits, and also due to mechanical damage, dental caries, improperly installed dentures. Risk factors are: insufficient or poor oral hygiene, improper position of teeth, malocclusion, imbalanced diet, disorders of the immune system.
The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque. In the absence of procedures for cleansing it turns into plaque – a porous solid education. After a while the toxins destroy the tissue that holds the tooth, and you receive the periodontal pocket – a space full bloom. Periodontitis often develops after periodontal disease or gingivitis.
Differences in symptoms of diseases
Second, what disease periodontal disease is different from periodontitis – symptoms. Periodontal disease refers to degenerative pathologies and not inflammatory. The neck of the teeth are exposed due to the fact that the tissues covering them, are destroyed. This process does not affect the fixation of the teeth in the jaw. Their slacking starts much later due to workload and lack of additional support. For periodontal disease are not characterized by the presence of Tartar deposits is insignificant, no gum pockets and purulent discharge. The gums have a pale color. Patients complain of an increased sensitivity of tooth necks, itching in the gums.
For periodontal disease slow, in the initial stages of the disease does not cause discomfort. Pathological processes can often be asymptomatic and continuously destroy the periodontium. This feature produces the late referral of patients for medical assistance.
The difference between manifestations of periodontitis from periodontal disease is highly significant. The disease is already at an initial stage manifests itself bleeding gums. Inflammation covers the upper layers of the periodontium, but perognathinae ligament that connects the teeth together has not been involved in the process. Characterized by complaints of itching, the throbbing in the gums, discomfort when chewing solid food. Treatment at this stage leads to full recovery of the gums.
In the next stage of periodontal ligament are disrupted, the load on the teeth is uneven. Appears periodontal pocket in which plaque, accumulate bacteria, and the disease progresses significantly. The bone undergoes resorption, the tooth comes loose. If untreated, teeth are falling out. Patients complain of pain, high-sensitivity, increased bleeding, itching. The tooth row is curved, it becomes a rolling, difficulties in eating, hygiene procedures, impaired pronunciation.
Periodontal disease and periodontitis differ in the nature of the flow. Periodontal disease is a slow, irreversible process, a long time does not manifest itself. Periodontitis progresses much faster, can become chronic with periodic exacerbations.
The differences in the methods of treatment
Periodontal disease and periodontal disease are treated comprehensively. With periodontal disease therapy aims to stabilize the pathological process. Assigned to receiving funds, improving blood circulation and strengthening the processes of regeneration of tissues. Of the procedures recommended massage, including the pressure of the water (hydromassage), the procedure darsonvalization and physiotherapy. In parallel, treatment of the underlying disease that caused the periodontal disease.
Unlike periodontitis, treatment for periodontitis can be both conservative and surgical. The choice of methods depends largely on the stage of the pathological process. When early treatment is provided by professional cleaning of teeth, removal of Tartar, polishing the teeth and their treatment a special tool, in which the fluorine is present.
When plaque is located deep in the periodontal pocket to remove it, the dentist uses special tools: hooks, shovels, curettes. In some cases, requires an incision in the gums. In the later stages of the disease is flap surgery: the gum tissue is cut, then cleaned the roots and the flap is sewn back.
Periodontitis and periodontal disease are common diseases of the gums, in what their main difference is in the mechanism of pathological processes. However, if untreated, both diseases lead to tooth loss.