Prevention and treatment of dental caries in children
Cares about the health of baby’s teeth need as of the moment of fetal development. Expectant mothers understand that for proper growth of the fruit they need to eat right and take special vitamin complexes. Without enough calcium and vitamin D for its absorption can occur with different diseases including tooth decay.
Prevention of dental caries in children has an important role in the health of their mouth and if time does not keep track of the condition of the teeth, it will have to find where to treat them. To avoid this, it is enough to accustom the child to the hygiene from an early age and go on a visit to the dentist.
The causes of pathology
How to treat milk teeth in small children the question is quite relevant, because they are subject to decay even more than native because of these reasons:
- The lack of quality of hygiene;
- Differences in the structure of milk teeth from the root;
- Consumption of sweets more than normal;
- Too rare visits to the dentist.
Tooth decay occurs because of large concentrations of bacteria that produce dextrins. Initially, they are the soft touch of white or yellowish hue. After accumulation of a sufficient quantity in their place plaque is formed, which reacts with the lactic acid, when in the human diet there is a carbohydrate rich food. After which the enamel beneath her begins to crumble and formed pathology.
Such illnesses are often subjected to the chewing surface of teeth but kids still front incisors due to the constant load on them. To avoid this, must be complied with prevention of dental caries in children from an early age.
Prevention for children from one year
When the baby turns 12 months, he is likely to have 1 or 2 teeth, though fully formed, which should be maintained. In time the process of teething, the child is often accompanied by temperature and for this you need to closely, because if it rises above 38°, it is an alarming sign and may have been picked up by a secondary infection. In this case you need to bring the child to the doctor for examination. In General, the temperature to 37.5° is quite normal during teething.
The child of 2 years, often «baby bottle tooth decay» resulting from not enough hygiene, to know how it
to treat and what you can do from your doctor. The reason for this is that the kid is constantly eating something from a bottle and spit especially during sleep, is insufficient washes the teeth or due to infection obtained with nipples.
Many parents think that when their child is 3-4 years and their teeth appeared dental caries, to treat it is not necessary, since soon they will still be subject to change at the root, but this is not true, because their early loss may cause abnormal occlusion, and improper diction.
With regard to the prevention of teeth at this age, particular attention will need to diet and oral hygiene.
The daily diet must be present fruits and vegetables, and cheese. You also need to watch the sugar because it should be no more than 60 gr. a day.
Parents should ensure that the hygiene of the baby was OK. For this you need to use a brush with soft bristles to avoid damaging the enamel and gums. In addition, it is better to use paste without fluoride because the use of it in large quantities from an early age can lead to fluorosis.
Ages 2 to 4 years to treat caries is difficult, because as children, in rare cases, can behave calmly in the dentist’s office, so it is recommended to visit it at least 2-3 times a year, to not have to remove the pathology of the teeth child under General anesthesia. This phenomenon occurs because the baby is afraid of the instruments used by the physician during the procedure and pain arising from therapy. In addition, at this age, he is not able to correctly follow the instructions of the dentist that can harm the treatment.
To the child not having such problems with the teeth and are not necessary to carry out the treatment of caries under General anesthesia, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures, especially children from one year to 2-3 years, and to find out what you need to do is possible on reception at the dentist or following the tips written above.
Prevention in age from 5 years
When the child is 5-6 years, in this period of his milk teeth have fully formed and begin to erupt root that will grow to about 12 years, after which there will be only a painter of wisdom. The growth of the latter is accompanied by severe pain and rise of temperature and often they are defective.
If under 5 years the milk teeth subjected to caries, indigenous have a higher chance of getting this disease. To avoid such complications is necessary to pay due attention to hygiene and a healthy lifestyle.
You need to take vitamin complexes and fine-tune your diet so that the body have enough of all required micronutrients. Because the teeth, though erupted, but fully formed they will finish closer to adulthood and so the young man needs a lot of calcium, fluorine and vitamin D to strengthen them. In the diet this purpose must be included foods rich on these components, for example, fish, vegetables, fruits, greens and to eat less fat and carbohydrates. In addition, for General health it will not hurt to play sports.
In this age, a child should approach brushing as a daily habit and do it morning and evening. At the same time, the use of proven brush and paste and if there is any pathology, necessarily with medicinal properties.
After about 5-6 years the child often becomes addicted to sweet things increase the chances for decay.
In such a situation should be limited, but in any case it is impossible to completely deprive the baby of his pleasures, because it can lead to the development of psychosis.
About sweets at this age need to remember the following rules:
- It is forbidden to eat sweets at night;
- Not combine with the main meal;
- Sending a child to the section, school or on the street to give him in the way of sweets;
- Not to give their baby between meals.
It pays to give them to him after the main meal, and then the child needs to rinse your mouth with water or brush your teeth to the remains of the sweet does not remain in the oral cavity.
Abnormal position of teeth may also be an important cause of tooth decay, because in this case there is no access to the surface and patina in some places, and continues to accumulate, which eventually leads to pathology. A good preventive measure in this case is a special floss to clean (floss), which can clean the contact surfaces and hard to reach areas. In addition, for the care of dental structures in the oral cavity need any special equipment. This can help special brushes or irrigators.
As for how treated teeth (caries) aged 5-6 years, in this period, the children, unlike toddlers 2-4 years, can more consciously to follow the instructions of the doctor and it greatly simplifies the removal of the disease.
The main problem is only that situation when the child is afraid of the dentist and does not treat the teeth, in such a situation will help an experienced technician with the makings of a psychologist who can suggest what to do and how to relax the baby.
Treatment of pathology
Treatment of caries in children is always accompanied by various difficulties and, despite the fact that the performance of all preventive measures greatly reduces the probability of occurrence of disease, but does not eradicate it completely. In the case if it appeared, and the child is pathologically afraid of dentists, you must get advice from an experienced child psychologist so he can tell you how to persuade your child to treat teeth.
In addition, many experienced dentists have the makings of psychologists and can help in solving this problem, so the choice of a specialist must come first. After the establishment of emotional contact between doctor and patient, the child usually calms down and is less nervous during the procedure, and most importantly, follow-up visits will not seem like hard labor.
Then the doctor will prescribe a special diet rich with all the necessary micronutrients, and can also prescribe vitamin complexes and to recommend the healing brushes and devices for rinsing the teeth, for example, irrigators.
You should consider the fact that after treatment, the tooth the child will probably remain the temperature, which is associated with inflammatory process and in many cases it is considered quite normal, but if it lingers for a long time, you should go to the hospital.
Treatment under General anesthesia
As mentioned earlier a particular difficulty in the removal of caries can occur in a child up to 2-4 years, and in extreme cases doctors have to perform dental treatment under General anesthesia in children of this group. With this type of anesthesia, the babies into a deep sleep and 3-5 hours after intervention in the oral cavity Wake. Necessary before surgery to take into account all contraindication, and to test for increased sensitivity to components of the medication used in anaesthesia.
After dental treatment of children who were under General anesthesia, you need to carefully monitor their health, because of possible complication such as nausea, confusion, sore throat, fever, etc.
Preventive measures need to be observed from the time of intrauterine development of the baby, and after birth to teach him how to fun game to brush your teeth and rinse your mouth after eating. If he had pathology in the oral cavity, you need to contact an experienced dentist or a psychologist, to explain how to persuade a child to treat teeth.