Sore white spot on the gums
The formation of bright spots on the cheeks, tongue and gums of the child or the adult, signals the development of any pathology of the oral cavity. If your gums appeared white patch after tooth extraction and it hurts, you need to visit a dental clinic for accurate diagnosis of the disease.
Causes of spots
White spots on the gums may also occur in adults and in young children. Often, parents notice a white spot on the gums of infants. Such plaque in a child or adult can be caused by:
- a deficiency of calcium in the body;
- violation of rules of personal hygiene of the oral cavity;
- trauma oral mucosa;
- cyst of the tooth;
- cancer of the oral cavity;
- infection or fungus.
Cyst of the tooth can manifest as a single education white, is localized on the gums. If white is all gums, it is necessary to address urgently to the doctor and get an x-ray examination. Large white spot in a child or adult may be a lump under the gum or a malignant tumor.
White soft or hard education on the gums may appear because of insufficient oral hygiene. Injury or burns of the mucosa also occur in the form of whitish plaques.
With stomatitis viral nature on the gums and cheeks may appear bright spots. This is usually accompanied by the formation of ulcers and erosions. The disease is caused by viruses, fungi and mechanical damage to the oral cavity. Stomatitis also may develop after tooth extraction.
One of the most popular causes of white patches in infants and adults is candidiasis of the mouth caused by active growth of a population of fungi of the genus Candida.
These fungi are always present in the human body, however, against the background of reduced immunity and abuse sweet, they begin to actively proliferate, affecting mucous membranes of humans. In order to begin treatment of the child should visit the dentist. The doctor will determine the nature of white spots, take an x-ray and prescribe treatment.
White spots with stomatitis
If the white spot on the gums of the child or the baby came from is not cured of the disease, the doctor will first determine the type of the disease. Depending on the forms of stomatitis, treatment using antiviral, antiseptic or antifungal drugs. The oral cavity treated with antiseptic cream or solution. Also use oils from medicinal herbs, soda or sea salt.
As a rule, in addition to the white spots, stomatitis is accompanied by a feeling of discomfort during eating and burning. If the disease often returns, it is necessary to take vitamin complexes to improve immunity.
Treatment of candidiasis of the oral cavity
Most often, white spots in infants or older child arise from the candidiasis. This is due to the fragility of a child’s oral cavity microflora. The slightest imbalance of microflora in infants leads to an increase in the population of fungi of the genus Candida.
Define candidiasis in a child is not difficult. This disease is characterized by the formation of a white plaque on oral mucosa that is easy to clean off yourself. Several hours later, after cleaning the oral cavity, a coating is formed again.
For the treatment of candidal lesions of the oral mucosa in infants use ointments-antifungals. Ointment should be treated with a mouth of the baby several times a day.
To stop fungal growth will help the rinsing and soda application. To prepare the rinse, you must add a glass of clean water a tablespoon of baking soda. This solution should be handled in the oral cavity after eating and before bedtime.
If a white spot was formed on the gums in infants, it is necessary to treat his mouth with soda or water-soda solution.
At the time of treatment for older children it is necessary to abandon the sharp, sweet and salty foods, which create a favorable environment for growth of fungi.
White spots and dots on the gums in adults may be caused by leukoplakia — a disease in which the mucous membrane of the mouth becomes rough, and then dies. The disease can cause:
- damage the gums with the tip of a broken tooth or sharp side of the seal;
- malocclusion, in which the gums are injured by the teeth;
- unhealthy habits (Smoking);
- numerous crowns of various materials;
- improper wearing of dentures;
- abuse of spicy, hot and too cold food.
For the disease characterized by the formation of hard spots of white. The spot shape may be circular or fuzzy edges. The stain can be covered with cracks that formed ulcers. In this case, the patient would be kind of a pain and itching, especially during meals. Another characteristic symptom of the disease is dryness of the mucosa.
The treatment is aimed at removing irritants that may scratch the gums. It can be a replacement of the prosthesis, polishing of fillings or tooth filling with broken sharp edge. Also at the time of treatment should abandon annoying food and reduce the frequency of Smoking.
The danger of leukoplakia lies in the possibility of transformation of the cells stain in cancer cells. This is due to the need for timely treatment.
Other causes of white spots
Spots may appear due to injury of the oral mucosa. Specific treatment in this case is not required, just some time to change my diet, eliminating sharp, salty, sweet and hot food. As prophylaxis it is recommended to use antiseptic mouthwash, which protects the oral cavity.
Increased in size talc also form a white spot on the gums. Palpation in the place of the spot will feel a solid bump. Talc should be promptly removed, otherwise there is a risk of transfer of disease from benign tumors into malignant.
A small white dot may form on the gums the child or adult after tooth extraction. Usually does not require treatment, the spot disappears on its own. If a white dot formed on the gums, itchy or sore, immediately after the appearance of unpleasant symptoms should visit a doctor and get an x-ray.
If after removal of the tooth on the gums appeared a white spot, you should consult with your doctor. So can manifest a cyst of the tooth, which requires thorough treatment.