Stomatitis in a child 2-3 years: how to treat and how to anesthetize
Stomatitis is the disease of the mouth that is accompanied by the formation of erosions and ulcers on mucosal surfaces. In young children the cause of stomatitis is most often a violation of the microflora, caused by yeast-like fungi Candida, herpes virus, trauma, allergic reactions.
The reasons for the development of pathology
Why do I get the sores have a one year old child and what it needs to be treated?
- a weak immune system;
- poor handling of utensils and the nipple of the baby;
- allergies to medications or foods;
- simple herpes virus;
- injury to the mucous membranes.
Stomatitis depending on the causes of pathology is Candida, herpes, allergic, and bacterial canker. Treatment varies depending on the shape.
This form of the disease characterized by the appearance in the oral cavity of the child spots a white cheesy plaque. When removing it formed a small bleeding erosions-ulcers which cause burning sensation and pain during eating. Localized lesions on the inner surface of the cheeks, lips, gums, palate or tongue.
Advanced forms of thrush can spread to the larynx and into the gastrointestinal tract, causing dysbiosis and candidiasis the genitals.
How and what to treat oral thrush in a child, if he is 1-2 years? The therapy is to eliminate the causes of disease. Pathology is most often caused by poor hygiene or placed in the mouth, dirty toys. So all the dishes baby sterilize toys, wash with hot water with lye.
Lesions treated with a solution of baking soda. For this, ½ teaspoon dissolved in 100 ml of warm water. Then wrap the finger with gauze, moisten it in the prepared tool, gently remove the plaque.
Baby it hurts to eat, so during medical procedures from the menu should be deleted sour, spicy, salty foods that irritate the mucous membranes.
That can be used for the treatment of stomatitis in young children under 1 year and toddlers 2 – 3 years? To relieve pain will help the drug Ibuprofen. It is anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic agent. Dosage appoint a children’s doctor, taking into account the child’s age.
For the local treatment used ointment Kamistad. It is composed of lidocaine and extract of chamomile. Apply the medication to the lesions 3-4 times per day.
For the treatment of stomatitis (thrush) in a child 2 years and restore the normal microflora of the oral cavity, accelerate the healing of erosions using a spray Chlorophyllin. This antiseptic irrigate sores 2-3 times a day until they are tighten.
Than and how to treat stomatitis in children 2-3 years? For quick healing of the damaged tissues is performed treatment regenerating vitamin means oily vitamins E, A, K Drugs act 48 hours.
For the treatment of severe forms of the disease is prescribed for oral antifungals: Candida, Fluconazole.
Stomatitis allergic nature
In this form of the disease in the mouth baby rash that are opened and form painful sores. A rash may appear on the body. Language increases in size, becomes red, mucous membranes very swollen. This condition requires immediate treatment, as may occur angioedema and lead to death.
How and what to treat allergic stomatitis in a child if the child was 3-4 years? First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the allergen that caused the stomatitis. If the source is unknown, contact a doctor or allergist to identify the stimulus. Then the child must take an antihistamine: Diazolin, Suprastin. The dosage of drugs must be confirmed by the pediatrician.
How to anesthetize the wound, if the child has allergic stomatitis? In the affected areas causing Kalgel, the drug acts as an antiseptic and analgesic. Can be used up to 5 times a day.
To accelerate the healing of the mucous membranes use Vinilin. This remedy relieves swelling, inflammation, it is applied for erosion after a meal. The use of Vinylinum is allowed to children older than 1 year.
Disease form herpes manifests itself as blisters filled with clear liquid on mucosal surfaces. Before rash child fever, can raise the body temperature to 37.5. After the appearance of papules chills is. Bubbles after some time, spontaneously opened, forming painful sores. The child feels pain, burning during the meal.
How to treat herpetic stomatitis at the child 3-5 years? Make an appointment antiviral (Acyclovir) and immunomodulatory drugs (interferon, tablets Imudon). Erosion is treated with painkillers: Kamistad, gel Holisal. To accelerate the healing tissues using the paste Solcoseryl or sea buckthorn oil.
Canker type of the disease characterized by the formation on the surface of the mucous membranes of the rounded aft, covered with a white removable hard coating. Most of these defects appear in the number one, two pieces. AFTA has a clear erythematous outline. Causes stomatitis mucosa injury. The wound get infection and provokes the development of pathological process.
How to treat thrush in a child 2 years? Ulcers treated with Iodinol, this drug has a negative effect on pathogenic bacteria and fungi. If the child is able to rinse your mouth, the drug is used as a means for antiseptic rinses. Treatment mouth spend up to 5 times a day.
How to treat thrush in young children? Use a spray Hexoral for the destruction of pathogenic bacteria, and for the healing of the wound treated with Econom or sea buckthorn oil. To boost the body’s immunity, children are given with interferon. With the development of purulent process prescribed antibiotics.
Cause pathology blazethorn bacteria that when injected into wounds on the mucous membranes and destroy the epithelium and cause the development of stomatitis. Especially bacterial stomatitis is often found in dental caries, ENT diseases, infections of the upper respiratory tract.
Main symptoms: hyperemia of mucous membranes, increased salivation, pain, a burning sensation during irritating food, bad breath.
In the initial stages of disease is local treatment of the oral cavity and receiving means to strengthen the immune system. In more advanced forms prescribed antibiotics, antibacterial drugs.
It is impossible to treat small children to use drugs on the basis of alcohol: the brilliant green or methylene blue, it may cause burning of the mucosa, aggravate the condition of the crumbs.
Treatment of folk remedies can be used only as a Supplement to the basic therapy and with the doctor’s permission. For topical treatment used crushed pulp of aloe with honey. This paste lubricate the sores until they heal. Do not use this recipe if allergic to the products of bees.
Decoction of chamomile, you can carry antiseptic gargle, if the child is able to do. Or soaked in broth swab wipe painful erosion. Healing plant soothes inflammation, accelerates tissue regeneration.
Additional methods of therapy can be attributed to the ingestion of homeopathic remedies, made from plant components.
Treatment stomatitis in yearling or older child holds a children’s dentist or pediatrician. At the onset of symptoms of the disease the kid needs to see a doctor. The main preventive measures include good hygiene of the oral cavity.