Swollen cheek: what to do?

The swelling on my cheek can be caused not only by diseases of the dental region, but also in some infectious processes occurring in other organs and systems. This symptom indicates the development of acute inflammation that requires urgent treatment. It happens that the swollen cheek, but the tooth does not hurt. What to do if you have swollen cheek in an adult or child?

You must pay attention to accompanying symptoms. Diseases of the teeth and gums often accompanied by sharp pain, in such cases you should visit the dentist.

Acute pulpitis

Опухла щека: что делать?What could be the reasons for swollen cheek? Cause swelling and acute pain of inflammatory diseases of the teeth. The pulpit is the nerve tissue damage caused by neglected decay. At an advanced stage of the formation of pus in the cavity, growing swelling of the mucous membranes and soft tissues of the face.

Main symptoms:

  • toothache, swollen cheek and gums;
  • the pain is worse at night;
  • extensive destruction of the tissues of the tooth;
  • unpleasant, putrid odor from the mouth.

Pulpitis the nature of the flow is an acute and chronic, different severity of symptoms.

What to do if you have swollen cheek and gums, very sore and a sore tooth? If signs of pulpitis should be treated in the dental clinic for treatment. The doctor surgically removed the nerves, cleans the root canals and close the defect with a filling material.

Odontogenic periostitis

What could be the cause of swelling of cheeks? Periostitis or an abscess is an inflammation of the periosteum, which is characterized by the formation of a purulent abscess on the gums in the area of the tooth root.

Bacteria through a deep carious cavity gets to the roots and cause acute inflammation. The result of necrotic masses make their way through the bone tissue to the outside to the gum.

Symptoms of flux:

  • pain in the affected tooth;
  • cheek swelled up;
  • low-grade fever;
  • General malaise;
  • on the gums of a purulent abscess.
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The inflamed pouch can spontaneously fold and form fistulous passages through which depart necrotic mass.

What to do if severely inflamed and festering gums, swollen cheek? You need to go to the dentist for treatment.

Open the abscess and establish drainage, patients are prescribed taking anti-inflammatory drugs, antiseptic procedures. The affected tooth sealed or removed, if there is such evidence.

The growth of wisdom teeth

Опухла щека: что делать?Why swells the cheek, it’s hard to open your mouth and chew? These symptoms may disturb during the eruption of wisdom teeth. Latest chewing the molars grow at the person of age 18-30 years and cause discomfort of varying severity.

If the teeth are not enough seats in a row, that during growth they may be partially hidden by the gums. Mucous in the formed pocket (hood) above the crown accumulates food residues, pathogenic bacteria that cause inflammation. This disease is called pericoronaritis. Under the hood there are severe mass, the mucous membranes swell, growing swelling on the cheek area.

Patients feel sharp pain, it is difficult to eat, talk, can increase the body temperature, deteriorating overall health.

What to do if swollen cheek, and developed perikoronit? It is necessary to consult a surgeon-dentist. The doctor performs surgical excision of the hood, freeing the path for the normal growth of the tooth. If the row is not enough, the disease can recur, in such cases eight are removed.

Gum disease

Why swollen cheek, but the tooth does not hurt? The reason may be inflammatory disease of the gums: gingivitis, periodontal disease, periodontitis.

Опухла щека: что делать?If gingivitis affects the gingival margin and interdental papillae, the mucous membranes become swollen, sore, bleeding by mechanical irritation. Running disease leads to the development of extensive inflammation, which can cause accumulation of necrotic masses, swelling of soft tissues, a lesion of the deeper periodontal tissues.

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Periodontal disease, periodontitis affect the tissues around the tooth and the ligament that holds the crown in the hole. Pathology manifests itself uncomfortable sensations, edema of mucous membranes, peeling of the gums from the teeth, formation of gingival pockets with the subsequent exposure of the necks and roots.

As the progression of the disease atrophy of bone tissue of alveolar process, reduced the volume of the gums, exposed, loose teeth. From gum pockets are allocated purulent mass. Without timely treatment, the disease can lead to the development of suppuration of the surrounding tissues and bones of the jaw (abscess, osteomyelitis).

What to do when swollen gums and cheek for diseases of the gums? You should seek help from a doctor. A periodontist will clean the Tartar, will perform curettage of gingival pockets. In more severe cases may require a patchwork operation for the removal of deep deposits. For fixing loose teeth splinting perform them.

Patients receiving prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, antiseptic rinse, physiotherapy, application of gels or ointments on the affected areas of the gums.

Purulent lymphadenitis

Опухла щека: что делать?Swelling of the cheeks may be caused by other diseases unrelated to the teeth or gums problems. The swelling on my cheek can be formed around the ear, cause: inflammation of the lymph nodes. This disease develops as a result of contact with the human body various infections. The lymphatic system helps to suppress the activity of pathogenic microorganisms and to prevent their further spread. But sometimes nodes do not do their function, occurs purulent inflammation, which requires urgent treatment.

When tightening a visit to the doctor can be a fusion capsule of the lymph, and purulent contents fall into soft tissue will cause the development of abscess or cellulitis.

Symptoms of lymphadenitis:

  • headache;
  • the increase in body temperature;
  • General malaise;
  • a tumor in the soft tissues of the cheeks;
  • the inflamed skin over a node is red, hot;
  • seal lymph node that is felt on palpation;
  • you can merge nearby nodes.
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What if the inflated cheek, but the tooth does not hurt, and the inflamed lymph node? You should consult your physician or infectious diseases and to undertake the necessary treatment. When purulent form of the disease performed the autopsy site, the installation of drainage for the discharge of necrotic masses. The doctor takes a biomaterial for clinical analysis to identify cancer cells. According to the obtained results prescribe further treatment.

The sialadenitis of the parotid glands

Опухла щека: что делать?Why swollen cheek and tooth pain? The cause may be inflammation of the salivary glands – sialadenitis. With the development of this disease patients notice dry mouth, pain in the affected area, swelling of the cheeks, bad taste in the mouth, the appearance of pus in the oral cavity. Ear felt congested noticeable seal. The patient body temperature rises, there are signs of intoxication.

Why a child has one cheek was swollen but tooth doesn’t hurt? If the child has a swollen cheek on one side, but the tooth does not hurt, the cause may be viral parotitis (mumps). This disease is a form of sialadenitis. Mumps is most common in children, in adults the pathology is very rare.

What to do if you have swollen cheek? You need to consult a dentist, physician, surgeon, infectiologist. When a child is ill we need to show him to the pediatrician.