The child has a white coating on the tongue: causes and treatment

The appearance of a white bacterial plaque on the surface of the tongue can be one of the symptoms of diseases of the internal organs or to indicate the presence of infection in the oral cavity of У ребенка белый налет на языке: причины и лечениеthe child. Should pay attention to density, color, consistency of the plaque, the area of its localization and associated symptoms.

If a white film coats the tongue in the morning, is easily removed after performing hygienic procedures, this is considered normal and should not cause concern among parents. But if your kid acts up, sleeps badly, refuses food, you need to see a pediatrician.

Painted tongue after ingestion of dairy products, consuming excessive amounts of sweets. This RAID is easily cleaned.

What should be the language of the child


The norm



Not enlarged

The language is enlarged, swollen, teeth marks on the surface



A sense of constant dryness in the mouth


A thin film is easily removed during brushing

The presence of a dense plaque, which is difficult to remove

The smell




Sensitivity normal

A violation of taste sensations, pain, a burning sensation, metallic taste


Pale pink

Dark red, white


Has a value and localization of plaque on the surface of the tongue. At the end of the tip says the violations in the work of the heart and liver, the middle is affected in pathologies of the stomach, spleen and pancreas. The rear part is covered with a coating in the intestinal dysfunction and the side kidney disease.

Poor hygiene

Why is a white coating on the surface of the tongue in children? With the advent of the first milk teeth is necessary to perform their regular cleaning. With the poor hygiene in the oral cavity thrive pathogenic microorganisms forming the bacterial plaque and У ребенка белый налет на языке: причины и лечениеcausing tooth decay.

A small child cleaning is carried out using the special wipes, removing plaque from the teeth and tongue, children who have turned 3 years brush their teeth with children’s toothpaste and brushes.

In carious cavities of the teeth affected has a large number of pathogenic microorganisms that can also cause the formation of plaque and bad. It is necessary to perform treatment of dental caries, in order not to lose a baby tooth prematurely.


The most common cause of accumulation of the white coating on the tongue is stomatitis. The nature of the disease is different depending on the pathogen:

  • Candidiasis (thrush) caused by yeast fungi of the genus Candida. Most often found in infants who are breastfed. The child on the tongue, the upper palate, gums, inside of the cheeks, lips or white spots formed by a touch cheesy, removal of which remains a bleeding erosion. The spots merge to form a continuous film. The plaque can be found on the lips, in the corners of the mouth, forming zaedy.
  • Traumatic stomatitis occurs after damage to the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. The wound becomes infected, is covered by plaque, may ulcerate and suppurate.
  • Aphthous stomatitis is a lesions of the mucous membranes and tongue erosions-Atami, which is covered with a dense white bloom. Usually appear solitary ulcers with clear congested paths. Plaque thick consistency, after the removal of which remains a bleeding wound.
  • Ulcerative-necrotic stomatitis characterized by the formation of deep ulcers, covered with yellow-white bloom. Ulceration may be deep enough, the formation of purulent mass, high fever.

With the appearance of ulcers’t eat, sleep, constantly capricious.

The mouth appears an unpleasant odor, inflammation of the body temperature rises.

У ребенка белый налет на языке: причины и лечениеTreatment is primarily aimed at addressing the factors that caused the pathology. Therapy appoints a children’s dentist. You need to perform regular antiseptic treatment of the oral cavity, lubricate the wound healing gels, strengthen the immune system, take vitamins. Additionally appointed diet, eliminating foods that irritate the damaged mucosa, sweet, flour. Helpful to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. In severe cases, the treatment is carried out in hospital under medical supervision.

Diseases of the digestive system

Coating on the tongue in a child can be a symptom of disorders of the digestive tract. This bacterial film is maintained throughout the day and gradually becomes more dense. Additionally the baby have complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting. There may be a violation of stool, bloating, intestinal colic, children lose weight.

У ребенка белый налет на языке: причины и лечениеGastritis, dysbacteriosis surface of tongue coated with thick white-gray patina, can be enlarged papillae. A child worried about dryness in the mouth, belching, heaviness in the stomach after a meal.

Disorders in the digestive tract can cause the development of yeast infection due to the disruption of the natural microflora of the oral cavity.

Why is a child on the tongue is stained with a white coating? Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the endocrine system can cause the formation of glossitis, with the baby in the language are formed, red, inflamed spots and patches covered with white bloom. This phenomenon is called «geographic tongue». In severe stages of glossitis language striking erosion, causing burning and painful sensations.

If you notice such signs, the child should be taken to a doctor for right diagnosis and treatment.

Infectious diseases

У ребенка белый налет на языке: причины и лечениеWhy the child’s tongue covered with a white coating, and the temperature rose? The reason may be catarrhal diseases: flu, angina, pharyngitis, laryngitis, acute respiratory infections, bronchitis, pneumonia. In such cases, the tongue becomes a bright red, lined with white spots of bacterial plaque. At pathologies of throat plaque covers the soft palate, tonsils, larynx. The child is coughing, complains of sore throat, rhinitis, malaise, chills. The treatment prescribed by the pediatrician.

Diphtheria is very dangerous for children’s health diseases of the larynx, the main symptom is the formation of white patches in the throat, on the tongue and the tonsils. When the scarlet fever rash appears over the body and on the surface of the mucous membranes of the mouth. The blisters are opened and form painful sores that can be covered with bloom.

The formation of bacterial plaque on the tongue in a child can be a symptom of a serious illness, therefore, the appearance of ulcers, wounds, inflammation, you must consult your doctor.

READ  Viral stomatitis in children: symptoms and treatment of the child