The flux on the gums: how to look and what to treat?

Periostitis or flux is called inflammation of the periosteum, which is accompanied by swelling of gums, pain, and formation of a SAC filled with pus. The cause of the disease is neglected caries, pulpitis, periodontitis, or a cyst. To cause the formation of a purulent process may poorly performed root canal treatment.

External signs

Флюс на десне: как выглядит и чем лечить?Looks like the flux on the gums and what to do to cure it? With extensive carious cavity in the tooth of pathogenic microorganisms into the pulp and on to the tip of the root and periodontal tissues. Inflammation develops. First, a little swelling of the gum over the tooth, gradually swelling increases, there is throbbing pain, aggravated by biting. Inflamed tissue hyperemic and soft to the touch. Once formed an abscess, swelling of the surrounding mucous membrane of the alveolar process of the face fabric.

In the case of formation of the flux in the upper jaw begins with swelling of the infraorbital area, the abscess on the lower jaw causes swelling of the neck, lip, submandibular region, inflamed regional lymph nodes. Patients complain of fever up to 38-39, Radiomania pain in ear, temple, head.

Purulent pouch can spontaneously fold and form fistulous course, providing the outflow of necrotic masses. After that, the condition of the patients improved, but without treatment, passes into the chronic stage.

The reasons for the formation of flux

What appears purulent abscess on the gums?

  • Флюс на десне: как выглядит и чем лечить?neglected caries, pulpitis, periodontitis;
  • odontogenic cyst;
  • poor quality root canal treatment;
  • injury of the jaw;
  • the pericoronitis of wisdom teeth;
  • damage of the mucous membranes;
  • related chronic diseases.
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If there is concomitant pathology of internal organs, infection is spread with blood and limfatica, causing acute inflammatory process.

Forms of periostitis

Klassificeret periostitis depending on the route of infection to the periosteum. The flux caused by the destruction of the teeth, called odontogenic. If pathogenic microorganisms are trapped in the tissue of the jaw by the bloodstream is hematogenous form, and if the infection was delivered by the lymphatic system, the lymphatic flux.

How to determine the form of the flux depending on the reasons for its formation?

  • Simple periostitis develops after injuries or contusions of tissue of the jaw. Флюс на десне: как выглядит и чем лечить?The disease is characterized by small inflammation, swelling, moderate pain. The treatment is easy and takes no more than 5 days. The transition in the chronic form is rare.
  • Purulent form is a consequence of inflammatory processes in the body. Causes are Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, which are carried by blood flow in rheumatoid arthritis, purulent wounds, diseases of erysipelas, phlegmon, osteomyelitis or blood poisoning. Suppurative periostitis is acute with intensive pain, increased body temperature to 37.5, General weakness. The disease can become chronic.
  • Fibrous periostitis also cause systemic diseases that are present in the patient’s body. Manifested pathology painless a small seal on the gums. If successful, the treatment of the underlying illness flux passes alone. In other cases, it develops destruction of bone tissue, the degeneration into a malignant form.
  • Establishes a diagnosis dentist the examination results. X-ray allows us to estimate the degree of destruction of bone tissue.

    Treatments

    What you need to treat the flux on the gums? If there are signs of periodontitis, you should immediately consult a doctor. Therapy is determined based on the form and stage of the disease. Simple abscess treat taking anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and antiseptic gargles. The affected tooth is opened, cleaned and closed channels filling materials.

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    How to treat a purulent abscess on the gums? In this form of flux, make a surgical incision with subsequent drainage to drain the pus. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Tape the drainage of glove rubber does not allow the wound to heal, which contributes to the discharge of the necrotic masses, swelling, inflammation. The tooth that was the cause of the flux, remove, or perform cleaning and filling of root canals. In some cases, showing a root apex resection.

    Флюс на десне: как выглядит и чем лечить?On the first day after surgery to relieve swelling it is advisable to apply to the affected area a cold compress. Additionally, patients taking antibiotics, antihistamines, doing warm antiseptic treatments, intensive pain drinking anesthetics. Drainage removed on day 3 after incision, when the flux passes, then you can do physiotherapy (UHF, microwave, laser radiation), application of ointments.

    What to do if the gums chronic dental abscess? If the abscess is caused by diseases of internal organs, it is first necessary to conduct a treatment of the underlying pathology. The good result of laser therapy, iontophoresis.

    What to do if the condition does not improve after opening the gums the flux? In such cases, surgical treatment in hospital under the supervision of a physician.

    With time begun therapy a flux is 3-5 days, if you delay the visit to the doctor purulent mass distributed in the surrounding bone and soft tissues.

    Possible complications

    Flux can cause complications:

    • cellulitis is a diffuse purulent inflammation;
    • osteomyelitis of the jaw;
    • sepsis.

    Without timely treatment, the flux leads to deadly diseases.

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