The teeth marks on the tongue on the sides: the reasons for the phenomenon

In appearance, language, doctors diagnose the General condition of the organism and the presence of various diseases in the patient. In a healthy person, the mucous membranes in the oral cavity should be pink with no plaque and edema. The appearance of bacterial deposits, cracks, teeth marks on the sides on the surface of the language we can speak about the development of pathological processes in internal organs.

Why are the marks from the teeth?

To cause the appearance of plaque varying in color, swelling, cracks, ulcers or erosions on the tongue diseases of the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, nervous system.

The main causes of teeth marks on the surface of the tongue on the sides:

  • Отпечатки зубов на языке по бокам: причины явленияmalocclusion;
  • pathology of the digestive system: stomach, intestine;
  • nervous disorders, depression;
  • atrophic glossitis;
  • hypothyroidism;
  • xerostomia;
  • pellagra;
  • the curvature of the tongue.

Teeth marks on the tongue appear to increase it in size and swelling. Muscular structure that changes the usual colouring takes on a bright crimson or dark red. Its surface becomes smooth, shiny. Patients impaired articulation, difficulties during eating, wearing dentures psychological discomfort.


Отпечатки зубов на языке по бокам: причины явленияThe bite is formed as a teenager. If an incorrect formation of the dentition is violated, the process of chewing food, accelerated enamel abrasion of teeth, injured gums, cheeks and tongue.

These symptoms usually found in children and the timely correction of malocclusion eliminates all discomfort. For treatment using braces, orthodontic plastics or trainers. The appropriate design picks dentist based on individual patient characteristics and the type of occlusion.

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Elevated anxiety and nervousness people involuntarily clench my jaw or bite my tongue. As a result, the mucous membranes of fingerprints or wound. In case of permanent injury to the accession of infection, the development of stomatitis, glossitis, or other inflammatory diseases.

To resolve the problem, you must consult a doctor-neurologist. After normalization of the nervous system traces in the language will not appear.

Atrophic glossitis

Glossitis is an inflammatory disease of language. In its atrophic form, smoothed or papillae disappear on the surface of a muscular organ. Pathology looks like a shiny, smooth, lacquered tongue. Thus there is swelling, soreness, spots, erosions on Отпечатки зубов на языке по бокам: причины явленияthe mucous membranes, mouth unpleasant smells.

Causes of the disease beriberi, viral, fungal infection, injury or cancer tumor.

During meals patients feel pain and burning sensation. When you attach the infection of erosion turn into inflamed ulcers, the formation of necrotic masses, rapidly deteriorating health of the person. Language grows in size and consequently its lateral surfaces there are teeth marks.

The treatment prescribed by the dentist after inspecting. Normally perform an antiseptic gargle, take antibacterial, antiviral. In inflammatory processes of patients prescribed antibiotics. Locally use medical ointments and gels.

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

When disorders in the digestive system on the surface of the tongue formed a dense bacterial plaque. In the initial stages it is white, while more advanced forms yellow, green or brown. Plaque covers not only mucous membranes but also the tooth enamel. On lined language easily remains the imprint of the teeth, to eliminate the causes of pathology should go to the doctor-gastroenterologist.

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In addition to traces in the language and plaque there are additional symptoms of illnesses. Pain and heaviness in the abdomen, disorders of stool, flatulence, nausea.

Curvature of the tongue

Отпечатки зубов на языке по бокам: причины явленияIn the result of damage to the hypoglossal nerve, the tongue can bend and get caught between the chewing surfaces of the teeth. In case of permanent injury, leave deep footprints. Causing the bending stroke, diffuse atherosclerosis, myasthenia gravis. In these diseases there is destruction of the pituitary gland in the brain, and disturbed coordination of movements. Often suffer from such ailments of the elderly.


It is a violation of the process of salivation in the oral cavity. Language dries up, becomes crimson, swells, it cracks and teeth marks. The patient is difficult to swallow and eat, lost of taste sensations. To cause xerostomia may be a disruption in the endocrine system, a sharp decline in immunity, infectious diseases, lesions of the salivary glands.

If xerostomia increases the risk of fungal, inflammatory lesions of the oral cavity.

This is manifested by ulceration, suppuration. Treatment is aimed at removing the causes of pathology.


This disease occurs when there is insufficient production of thyroid hormones. In the initial stages there is no clear clinical manifestations of the disease, with the progression of the pathology, there is a severe swelling of the face, mucous membranes, hair loss. Patients present slowness of speech due to swelling of the tongue, changing voice, diction. On mucosal surfaces remain the teeth marks. Also disturbances from other vital systems.

Treatment of hypothyroidism is conducting an endocrinologist. Therapy aimed at the normalization of hormonal background of the patient.

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The pellagra is called one of the varieties of beriberi, caused by malnutrition and a severe shortage of vitamin e, protein and amino acids.

The main symptoms include:

  • Отпечатки зубов на языке по бокам: причины явленияdermatitis;
  • glossitis;
  • anxiety, disorders in the nervous system;
  • diarrhea;
  • baldness;
  • dementia;
  • paralysis of the limbs.

One of the symptoms is the development of inflammatory glossitis. The language is greatly increased in size, so the sides remain prints. Most often, the disease affects people from low-income families and chronic alcoholics. Without treatment pellagra is fatal.

Traces from teeth, plaque and other changes of the mucous membranes of the tongue are symptoms of various diseases. Such manifestations can warn about the development of any pathology and treat it early without severe complications.