The uneven edges of language: the symptoms of the disease

Language performs important functions in the human body. He is involved in the process of chewing and swallowing food, helps to shape the sounds. In a healthy person this muscular organ pink color, moist with papillae clearly visible on the surface. Inflammation, swelling, accumulation of bacterial plaque and formation of ulcerations evidence of the development of diseases of the oral cavity or internal organs. What you say uneven, ridged edges on the sides of the tongue?


Incorrect formation of occlusion leads to permanent injury of the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue. The result is a muscular organ swells and increases in size. Due to the constant prokusyvanie on the sides of the tongue there are traces from the teeth.

To cure the disease is possible only after correcting the defect of dentition. To do this, the doctor selects the design for alignment of the dentition. In case of slight disorders prescribed for the patients wearing orthodontic plates treynerov, silicone cap for more serious pathology the defect is corrected by using braces. Treatment can take from 3 months to 2 years.

Gusseted tongue

Неровные края языка: симптомы болезниIt is a congenital anomaly in which the language excised longitudinal and transverse folds, wavy, uneven edges. As a rule, the disease is accompanied by an increase in body size and its thickening on the sides you can see the teeth marks. Pathology is usually asymptomatic and does not cause discomfort, pain and inflammation can occur after infectious diseases, the development of stomatitis or glossitis.

A gusseted tongue requires a good hygienic care, as it cracks easily accumulate bacterial plaque and creates a convenient environment for reproduction pathogenic bacteria. Such disease is incurable, therapies are needed only during the development of stomatitis, glossalgia.

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Liver disease

Неровные края языка: симптомы болезниPeople suffering from serious liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis), language has a characteristic appearance – mucous membrane red, congested, surface smooth, papillae smoothed. Often these symptoms are accompanied by swelling of the body and the increase in its size, the result edge constantly primatyvajutsja teeth, forming a wavy side.

From external symptoms, patients notice the appearance on the skin’s surface spider veins, ksantomatoznye plaques, erythema (redness) of the palms. Patients complain of pain in the right hypochondrium, nausea, vomiting, indigestion and chair.

To treat the disease have physician, infectious disease specialist, surgeon, or oncologist.

Vitamin deficiency

With a shortage in the human body of b vitamins and D the surface of the tongue is dry, cracked, inflamed, covered with bloom, there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth.

If you experience an allergic reaction to vitamins is a muscular organ swells, on its side surfaces are clearly visible indentations from the teeth. With a shortage of vitamin V on the crack, appear painful, burning sensation during meals. If associated infection, developing an acute inflammatory process that formed the festering sores, deteriorating health of the person. For the treatment of disease is necessary to compensate for the deficiency of vitamins in the body.


Неровные края языка: симптомы болезниThis disease is caused by malfunction of the thyroid gland. Pathology is manifested by swelling of the tongue with the characteristic teeth-marks on its surface. Patients are sedentary, they find it difficult to talk due to drying of the mouth. There is a feeling of a foreign object in the mouth, tongue-tied.

The external symptoms of the disease include a yellow tinge to the skin, swelling of the face, increased hair loss, memory loss and intellectual abilities, impaired digestive tract, disorder of the genitourinary system. Treatment of hypothyroidism deals with the endocrinologist.

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Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Oral cavity and digestive organs are in close communication. Diseases of the stomach, intestines cause a violation acidity in the mouth, it creates a convenient environment for reproduction of bacteria. On the surface of the tongue and mucous membranes there is a persistent bacterial plaque white or yellow, can form spots or erosion, on inflamed, increasing in size.

Symptom of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is lined with a touch of the tongue.

Cause these symptoms can peptic ulcer, duodenal ulcer, duodenitis, dysbiosis, gastritis with high acidity, colitis. Additionally, patients concerned about abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, disorders of stool, meteorism.

For the treatment of disease, elimination of plaque on the tongue, you need to consult a gastroenterologist. During the therapy of plaque and swelling are. If the mucous membranes were formed by erosion, it is necessary to do regular antiseptic mouthwash Chlorhexidine, Miramistine or Hlorofillipta.

Diseases of the nervous system

Неровные края языка: симптомы болезниIn disorders of the nervous system have unpleasant pain, pricking in the tongue, bothered by the feeling of dryness of mucous membranes, hypersensitivity, burning sensation, disturbance of taste, diction, puffiness and the appearance of bacterial plaque. This disease is called Somalia, most often it affects women during menopause or after suffering shocks. The symptoms of the disease are reduced during meals, especially when eating spicy food. Unpleasant sensations are localized on the tip and sides of the swollen tongue, the edges wavy, visible indentations from the teeth.

The main causes of disease is recently experienced tragic life events: death of relatives, cancer of loved ones, personal problems. Patients are easily excitable, constantly looking in the mirror your tongue, pathologically afraid of cancer.

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Treatment of Somalia carried out comprehensively. It includes medications, psychotherapy, physiotherapy, acupuncture, sanation of the oral cavity.

Uneven, wavy edge language can talk about the development of serious illness. Therefore, if you notice such symptom should consult a dentist and therapist. Early treatment helps to avoid severe complications.