White and red spots on tongue in adults: causes

Language is a muscular organ in the oral cavity, performing the function of formation of speech and chewing, taste perception. Its surface is covered with a mucous membrane in a healthy person it is pink, moist, without bacterial plaque, ulcers, erosions. Any language changes are a symptom of abnormalities of the oral cavity or internal organs.

Causes of red spots

What is the meaning of dark red or white patches on the tongue in adults, what causes their formation?

  • Белые и красные пятна на языке у взрослых: причиныstomatitis;
  • glossitis;
  • thermal burns or injury.
  • allergies to food or medications;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • viral infectious diseases;
  • exudative erythema;
  • cancerous growths.

Spots can be in the form of ulcers, erosions, inflammation or growths. The color of the lesion is red, white, grayish, brown. Most often, the tongue is covered with persistent bacterial bloom. In diseases of the internal organs present additional symptoms of concern to patients.

Diseases of the oral cavity

Inflammatory diseases affecting the tongue, called glossitis. Surface form of disease is a manifestation of stomatitis. Formed inflamed, red patches on the tongue, causes pain, burning sensation during meals. Depending on the causes of the development of stomatitis, spots can be covered with a white coating (thrush, aphthous stomatitis), the yellow colour they acquire when joining the infection and the abscess.

Purulent form of glossitis is characterized by the formation in the lesion of necrotic masses. Patients complain of sharp, throbbing pain, increased body temperature. It is difficult for them to eat, open his mouth and talk.

At desquamative glossitis in adults tongue with white bacterial bloom and red or pink spots, dots and looks like a geographic map. Causes of disease: metabolic disorders, weak immunity, viral or infectious diseases, diseases of the digestive tract.

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Белые и красные пятна на языке у взрослых: причиныWhen rhomboid glossitis on the tongue appears dark, brown stain in the shape of a diamond. Mucous membrane condensed, and can grow abnormal growths. Causes abnormal stomach gastritis with high acidity.

Glossitis always occurs with inflammation, the tongue changes the color from bright pink to dark red, swollen, hurts. May be feeling a foreign object in your mouth.

Cures glossitis dentist, comorbidities – gastroenterologist, infectious disease, internist. For normalization of microflora in the oral cavity perform antiseptic rinse, is treated with erosions, ulcers anti-inflammatory drugs. If formed abscess, prescribe a course of antibiotics. It is important to improve and strengthen the immune system, take vitamin-mineral complexes.

Herpetic stomatitis

A form of stomatitis caused by a virus of simple herpes. Before clinical manifestations of human infection with the shakes, increased body temperature, later on the surface of the mucous membranes of the mouth, tongue rash. Vesicles filled with cloudy or clear fluid, after a while they spontaneously opened. In their place remain painful erosion.

In the language of the present white bacterial plaque and red spots, spots. Timely begun treatment erosion quickly epitelizirutmi. In severe cases, the accession of secondary infection, form purulent mass. In humans, increased body temperature, new rash, there is a sharp pain while eating, talking.

To cure herpetic stomatitis it is necessary to strengthen the immune system. Wounds in the oral cavity treated with antiseptic, anti-inflammatory ointments. Purulent form of the disease is treated with antibiotics.

Oral thrush

Белые и красные пятна на языке у взрослых: причиныIn this form of stomatitis there are white spots on the tongue or inside of the cheeks, lips, gums, palate. The disease causes a yeast-like fungus Candida. The organism infects the epithelium, causing inflammation, which is covered with a whitish, cheesy, easily removable coating. After its removal remains a bleeding erosion. Spots and dots on the tongue may coalesce, forming large white circles, solid film. This happens due to a weak immune system.

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If the language was formed a white spot and it hurts while eating, you must consult the dentist. The doctor will prescribe antibacterial, antifungal, immunomodulatory drugs. To accelerate the healing of tissues of the oral cavity rinse with antiseptic solutions.

Exudative erythema multiforme

This disease causes an Allergy to food, medicines, hygiene products. In adults appear swollen pink, red spots on the tongue, lips or cheeks. After 2 days of erythema there are bubbles that quickly opened. After this is a painful erosion. Upon accession of infection with the ulcer covered by a white or yellowish tinge.

Exudative erythema contributes to the deterioration of health, fever. Patients find it hard to eat and often skip meals.

To treat red spots on the tongue (erythema) start with addressing the allergens and taking antihistamines. Mouth rinse with antiseptic, a decoction of herbs. Erosion is treated with painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs.

Diseases of the digestive system

Белые и красные пятна на языке у взрослых: причиныIf the language of a red, painful spot, this may be one of the symptoms of disorders in the digestive tract. Gastritis with secretory insufficiency, gastroenteritis, colitis manifested by flattening of the papillae, swollen, coated tongue with dark spots or stripes. While eating there is a burning sensation, pain can be felt as numbness of the body, disturbed taste sensation, breath smells unpleasant.

Membranes formed persistent plaque yellow, gray, greenish or brown, which may be difficult to remove and quickly formed again. The density and amount of plaque can determine the severity of the disease.

Patients also complain of pain, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, nausea, disorders of stool, heartburn or belching. When ulcers appear sharp pains in between meals. A treatment you need to consult a gastroenterologist. Therapy only the mouth will not give result.

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If there is pink, red or whitish spots on the tongue you must visit the doctor to determine the correct diagnosis. These symptoms may prevent the development of serious diseases in the early stages.