X-rays of children’s teeth baby teeth
Sometimes a visual inspection may not be enough. To assess the accuracy of the development of the dentition and integrity of children’s teeth cannot do without an x-ray.
X-ray of the jaw of a small child with the first milk teeth is one of the most accurate methods of diagnosis that allows to identify all possible diseases. Many moms perceive the procedure is ambiguous, being afraid of too much radiation on the immature organism.
Children prescribed x-rays more often than adults. This is due to the fact that kids are more likely to suffer from improper oral hygiene – explain the importance of cleaning is very difficult with a brush, he turns bad, and the parents to admit the procedure is not always. Affect dentition and a variety of sweets, without which children can not live.
What the x-rays
A full visual inspection to conduct not always possible. May prevent improper positioning of the teeth or the child’s behavior. With the help of x-rays of children’s teeth is possible with 100% probability to detect inflammatory lesions and to assess the condition of soft tissues.
In the picture will reflect the following pathology:
- the degree of loss of tooth mass in the case of inflammation or gum disease;
- changes in tooth roots;
- various degrees of dental caries;
- carious inflammation of the interdental spaces;
- the presence of abscesses;
- anomalies in the structure of dentition;
- the location of the rudiments of teeth.
Without an x-ray examination would not be complete. Only with the correct picture can not only detect caries in the most remote places, but also to predict the date of loss of milk teeth and the permanent; to assess the overall condition of the jaw and to identify the possibility of the appearance of crooked teeth.
How often do the pictures
Despite the fact that radiation exposure during an x-ray of deciduous teeth of the child are minimal, it is still there, and parents are worried about it. In order to avoid too serious of doses, formed by certain schedules x-rays.
Periapical and bite block images are shot with a certain frequency:
- before the emergence of permanent teeth – once in two years;
- since the appearance of the permanent teeth until the age of majority – every 1.5-3 years (depending on the overall clinical picture);
after coming of age – once in 1-1,5 years.
An adult has to do panoramic pictures and panoramaview or orthopantomography, but they perform x-rays only when necessary to control the development of the dentition is no longer necessary.
In some cases images have to do it more often. At – risk adults who use a large amount of sweet or had undergone dental restoration.
Is it safe to x-ray?
Schedule of inspections approved by the Ministry of health, and if you adhere to these recommendations for the safety of the procedure can not survive. Of course, irradiation is dangerous.
To reduce the danger to zero, to make digital images of the deciduous teeth, jaw, and separate «problem» areas of the oral cavity. In this case, the radiation dose is the lowest.
Children usually spend orthopantomography, for modern devices with the radio sighting devices. This system is equipped with a ray tube and sensors that are placed in the baby’s mouth. The image is transmitted to the screen is processed and you receive a detailed picture of the oral cavity. The procedure is painless and takes only a few seconds.
How is an x-ray of teeth
For pictures of the jaw is used ortopantomograph, they are digital and film. Small digital cameras can be placed directly in the dental office, but they are intended only for aimed shots. Orthopantomograph panoramic pictures typically located in a separate room with a darkroom.
During the review of the picture, the patient should be in a standing position, for children of small stature camera is height adjustable. Before you come to the orthopantomograph, the child must remove all metal jewelry and objects, including points. On the chest is put a lead Cape.
If necessary, in place of missing teeth will be placed cotton swabs. The child will need to bite the front teeth special plastic tag and pull over to the partition, it is important to stand straight, not move and do not slouch.
After turning on the machine irradiator for twenty seconds will move around the head. Taking into account the training will take no more than three or four minutes. After the will be printed or transferred to parents on electronic media.
State dentist more commonly used film ortopantomografy. If possible, seek better digital picture – it is more convenient for patients, spending less time on getting the picture, whereby it is possible to reduce the dose of radiation exposure.
If film devices are sometimes «wrong» and there is a need to re-photograph, from digital equivalents of such events. In addition, lose the nearly impossible – it can be stored on the computer to send to doctors remotely. During the diagnosis the dentist will be able to multiply the image that will allow to assess more accurately.
What’s in the picture
There are two types of images: panoramic and personal. The difference is that the panoramic picture will be displayed the whole dentition in both jaws, and radiographs sighting record as a separate area of the mouth, jaw or gums. During the sighting of the roentgen ray tube is close to the problematic soft tissues, appear on the picture 1-2 the next tooth.
On the panoramic picture reflects the state of the upper and lower jaws, the localization of the dental germs and the location of the roots. You can estimate how much the teeth already there and in what condition are the beginnings.
Thanks to this snapshot, you can prevent problems with the bite: if the picture reflected that one of the teeth lying in the jaw is uneven and is likely to be a delay of eruption, it is urgent to begin treatment. It is easier to get rid of the problem at the stage of its appearance, than to continue to spend time and money on expensive braces.
With the help of modern plants it is possible to obtain a 3D image of the jaw, which will reflect the location of all the seals, roots and pathological channels. Usually this procedure is carried out before the beginning of endodontic treatment and when planning the implant. Like the more expensive, but in some cases it is indispensable.