Acyclovir for herpes: rules of application and contraindications
Dear friends, Hello! To date, the most effective cure for herpes is considered to be Acyclovir. And did you know how to use it? What medication side effects are there any contraindications? Today’s article will provide answers to these and many other questions.
What is so good Acyclovir herpes?
Acyclovir is a antiviral medicine, whose action is aimed at suppression of reproduction of herpes virus and other infectious diseases.
Of course, for the complete cure of the disease with the help of one of this medication you do not succeed, but from symptoms of herpes on the lips and other parts of the body you will get quite quickly.
Moreover, this medicine will allow you to recover more quickly and significantly delay the onset of relapses.
Acyclovir is a synthetic analogue of the cleared nucleoside. This medication can cure the herpes virus 1 and type 2, and herpes zoster (zoster). Sometimes medication is prescribed when the virus Epstein-Barr, only in a higher dosage.
We study a drug often used carriers of the herpes virus as a preventative means. The course can be quite time-consuming. But exactly how much to drink, the doctor should decide.
What form is the medication?
- Ointment 5 % for outdoor use (50 mg of the substance per 1 g of ointment);
- Tablets: (400 or 200 mg per 1 tablet);
- Cream 5 % contains 50 mg of acyclovir.
To begin using acyclovir for cold sores, we first need to consult a doctor, as the dosage with the form of release of drugs can be different, depending on the localization of the rash, the patient’s age, his state of health.
If the herpes rash is happening to you for the first time, it is usually assigned a large dosage of the medication, as the body has not yet developed the needed antibodies to the herpes virus. If the infection is repeated, it is already possible to use a smaller amount.
Indications for use
We study a medicine used to remedy such ailments:
Tablets: instructions for use
Acyclovir for many years is assigned by doctors for the treatment of herpes viruses and this despite the fact that now the pharmaceutical market is full of various medicines for this disease. Reviews of doctors and patients about Acyclovir.
Before using tablets, it is necessary to go on consultation to the doctor who will prescribe the dosage and admission rules.
A stop taking a drug once will disappear the symptoms, but do not. Should take the full course for a full recovery and avoid recurrences.
So, how correctly to drink tablets? If you have a skin and mucous membrane infection caused by a virus 1 and type 2, assigned to 1 tablet of acyclovir (200 mg) 5 times a day for 5 days.
This dosage is suitable for adults and children over 2 years. It is important to observe the interval in the day — 4 hours, and 8 hours at night.
That is, you get up at 8 am, take the pill, and follow-up appointments will be at this time:
- at 16.00;
- at 20.00;
- at 12 o’clock in the morning;
- at 8 in the morning.
When a person suffers a severe form of herpes, the treatment can be increased. In the case of immunodeficiency is assigned to 400 mg 5 times per day.
As the prevention and treatment of relapse 1 type 2 herpes virus people with good immunity using 200 mg Acyclovir with 6 hour intervals, 4 times per day.
If the disease caused virus Varicella-Zoster, adults need to drink 800 mg 5 times at four-hour intervals by day and 8 by night. The course of treatment 5 — 10 days.
If sick children older than 2 years, they, the doctor will prescribe 20 mg per kilogram of body weight four times per day for 5 days, and if the child weighs more than 40 kg, the dosage should be the same as in adults.
As therapy of herpes zoster, the drug is indicated:
- Adults – 5 days 800 mg 4 times a day every 6 hours.
- Children older than 6 years and adult dosing;
- Children who are 2 to 6 years — 400 mg 4 times a day;
- Young children (less than 2 years) — 200 mg 4 times a day.
For patients who have severe disorders in the kidney, for treatment 1, type 2 herpes virus is assigned to 200 mg of the medication twice a day with a clear twelve-hour interval. To eliminate the virus Varicella-Zoster – 800 mg twice a day.
The tablets are taken immediately after a meal or while drinking a great amount of water. Well, if together with presented cure you take vitamins.
Like all medicines Acyclovir has side effects:
- pain in the lumbar;
- vomiting, diarrhea, nausea;
- swelling of hands, legs;
- eritropeniya, leukopenia;
- pain when urinating;
- drowsiness, lethargy, weakness;
- the intestinal disorders.
Ointment or cream Acyclovir
Herpes, like any other disease should be treated comprehensively. So for the treatment of perfect ointment, which is also a lot of positive feedback from patients and doctors.
The main thing – time to start the use of this ointment, namely when the first symptoms of herpes.
Before you apply the gel to the affected skin, you should DAB it with a wet cotton swab. Do this carefully so as not to tear off scabs and blisters.
Apply ointment in a day or 5 times at four-hour intervals by day and eight hours at night. The course of treatment is 5-10 days. Remember, it is impossible to ointment interacted with cosmetic products or get into the eyes.
When applied it is better to use a cotton swab to the ointment did not get on the skin, since the first days the patient is very contagious and the virus can get into other parts of the body.
After using the cream or ointment you may feel a burning sensation. It is quite a normal process, but if it is accompanied by pain, swelling, redness, contact your doctor to replace the drug analogues.
In some cases, the medication is contraindicated?
How to drink Acyclovir during pregnancy and feeding
To use this drug during pregnancy only if the benefit for mother is higher potential risk for the baby.
During lactation the drug is banned because it can accumulate in mother’s milk.
Interaction with drugs
If you put Acyclovir skin, no problems with interactions with other drugs no.
If parallel make presents means and nephrotoxic medications, there is a risk of disturbances in the functioning of the kidneys.
If you drink pills, and probenecid, you should know that the drugs appear to be longer from the body, and the benefits of acyclovir will decrease.
Treatment of herpes with Acyclovir should be performed with caution to people who have disturbed renal function and elderly patients, since the half-life of the drugs they increased.
During application of the drug need to drink plenty of fluids.
The ointment should not be applied to genital areas, eyes, inside the mouth, because you can get local inflammation. The sooner you start to smear problem areas with the ointment, the more effective the treatment.
Those who suffer from immunodeficiency often sick with herpes, may be addictive to Acyclovir.
During the medication the patient has to monitor kidney function, namely serum creatinine and blood urea.
Analogs of Acyclovir with prices
This drug is in the form of ointments and creams for the treatment of girisindeki available under such trademarks:
- Zovirax (165 rubles);
- Virolex (from 175 rubles);
- Acyclovir (tablets of 25 RUB, ointment and cream from 20 RUB.);
- Aciclostad (180 RUB.);
- Acivir (50 RUB.);
- Vivorax (48 rubles).
Analogs pills – Faced. Their price starts from 200 rubles. As you can see, the cheapest medication is Acyclovir, not its analogues. And the active ingredient they all have the same.
Prevention of herpes
Of course, it is impossible to take Acyclovir as a prophylaxis of girisindeki. It is best to use our tips to avoid frequent recurrences:
Information on prevention of herpes virus you can read in a separate article on our website.
That’s all, dear readers. Share read information about the benefits and effectiveness of Acyclovir in the herpes virus from your friends and subscribe for updates to our website. Be healthy!
The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)