Allergic conjunctivitis: symptoms and treatments

Hello, dear readers! Allergic conjunctivitis is one of the most common and at the same time unpleasant symptoms of hypersensitivity. «Red-eye disease» brings a lot of discomfort. Let’s examine it in detail and learn how to treat. Happy reading!

The causes of «red eye disease»

Аллергический конъюнктивит: признаки заболевания и методы леченияConjunctivitis refers to the immediate allergic reactions, that is appears immediately after the exposure-irritant.

Our eyes are arranged so that the allergens they can get virtually unimpeded. To the most dangerous stimuli that often provoke the above disease are:

  • dust mites;
  • plant pollen;
  • working dust, for example, library;
  • fluff and pet hair;
  • feather pillows.

In addition, conjunctivitis is triggered by substandard cosmetics, such as mascara or eyeliner, and some medicines, for example, use eye drops. How to recognize «red-eye disease»? If you are interested in the answer, read the symptoms.

Signs of allergic conjunctivitis

His eyes begin to swell almost instantly after contact with an irritant. Sometimes the reaction is delayed for several hours. In any case, the symptoms looks like this:

  • intense itching in the area around the eyes;
  • strong tearing;
  • cutting pain;
  • swelling;
  • redness of the eyeballs;
  • photophobia (if the illness developed into a serious form).

Аллергический конъюнктивит: признаки заболевания и методы леченияKnowing these symptoms, you will not be difficult to recognize an allergic conjunctivitis type. What if he came? At the present time there are many tools, not only medical, but also a public that cropped conjunctivitis quickly and effectively.

By the way, «red-eye disease» may be different: chronic, seasonal, sharp, triggered by the medicines (drug), spring.

Choose an effective treatment is easy if you know exactly what kind of conjunctivitis you have developed. Now let’s look at the principles of antiallergic therapy against the above conjunctivitis.

Acute allergic conjunctivitis therapy

  • Tablet with antihistaminic action. To stop acute symptoms of hypersensitivity, you need to drink oral one of the drugs such as loratadine, Zyrtec, Zodak, claritin.
  • Allergy drops for the conjunctivitis. The most effective among them are Allergodil, Patanol, Histime.
  • The elderly allergic «red-eye disease» may be complicated and lead to a reduction or termination of production of tears. If this happens, then assigned to anti-inflammatory drops, as well as slittamento — Inox, Axial and the like.
  • If the disease is acquired weighted form, the allergist may prescribe corticosteroids. Now these drugs are available in various forms, including in the drip.
  • Folk remedies — lotions of herbal concoctions. One of the most effective is a recipe on the basis of strong brewed tea. It Macau cotton pads, which are then superimposed on the closed eyes. The procedure will remove the inflammation and partially remove the redness.
  • READ  Allergic angioedema: symptoms and first aid

    Remember that not all antihistamine suitable for children. Treat the child with drugs of the 2nd and 3rd groups, as they are the safest.

    Seasonal conjunctivitis — hay fever

    This allergic disorder is triggered by seasonal factors (often the pollen of plants, flowering in spring and summer). To avoid seasonal hay fever is practically impossible.

    Аллергический конъюнктивит: признаки заболевания и методы леченияThe treatment of conjunctivitis induced pollinosis is done using eye drops or Allergodil Spersallerg — drugs that narrows blood vessels, making them less permeable, reduce inflammation and cleanse the eyes from minor irritants.

    Also used various means of protection for the eyes, for example, glasses that must be worn on the street and with the help of antiallergic drugs for oral administration (if the disease develops sharply).

    In addition, to protect against seasonal conjunctivitis will help recommendations:

    • don’t go out to lunch or in hot windy weather;
    • avoid places where there is growing threat to a plant;
    • spend damp cleaning more often;
    • do not open the window until lunch.

    Chronic «disease red view» — principles of treatment

    For the treatment of this form of ocular allergic inflammation prescribers on the basis of dexamethasone. In addition, cares have to be very careful in the dangerous time of the year.

    If the Allergy appears annually and manifests itself acutely, I recommend to go through immunotherapy — training the body’s Allergy to the irritant. This therapy is best done before the onset of a dangerous season and will repeat annually.

    Spring allergic keratoconjunctivitis — what it is and how to treat?

    Аллергический конъюнктивит: признаки заболевания и методы леченияThis disease attacks most often children from three to seven years. It is characterized by strong inflammation, eye swelling and deformity of the century (in severe cases).

    READ  Cross-Allergy: how to manifest and how is it treated?

    The disease has a chronic character intensifies in spring and weakens in autumn. It is treated with a standard antihistamine, like previous varieties of conjunctivitis.

    Allergy eye medication — treatment

    The most terrible and dangerous is the reaction in the form of conjunctivitis medicines in adults and children. How to treat such kind of «disease red eyes»? We must act like this:

  • First and foremost, you should stop taking the drug that triggered the disorder. Reaction can cause eye drops, ointments and other products for external use, which are laid in the eye or applied to the skin around them.
  • Then urgently need to drink an antihistamine, and as strong. Great options are Citrine and loratadine.
  • Additionally I recommend to dig into the eyes Allergy drops such as Allergodil or Spersallerg that have already been mentioned.
  • That’s about it. I hope the article was interesting and informative. You can read share with friends on social networks and subscribe to the updates of this website if you liked here. Up to new meetings!

    Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)