Allergic shock: first aid and symptoms

Аллергический шок: первая помощь пострадавшему и симптоматикаPleased to welcome you, dear readers! The most severe manifestation of intolerance is an allergic shock. If the victim does not provide assistance on time, he will be threatened by death.

To suffer from such allergic reactions can each of us, as we may not even know of the existence of intolerance. Therefore, we strongly recommend you to read this article carefully for everyone.

In it I talk about the causes and symptoms of such a reaction, and how to provide first aid, allergies.

Features and causes of shock

Anaphylaxis (or allergic) is an acute severe manifestation of intolerance. Often, the impact of this reaction is subject to:

  • respiratory system;
  • the heart and blood vessels;
  • the skin and mucous membranes;
  • The digestive tract.

The most common cause of shock is an overload of allergens trapped in the body, or re-introducing provocateurs reaction. Cause it can:

  • the different types of bites of poisonous insects;
  • the products that we consume;
  • medications;
  • the interaction with the contact allergens.

Symptoms of allergic shock

To provide first aid, you must be able to recognize the symptoms of such a reaction. They appear almost immediately after contact with the agent provocateur-an allergen. However, the time from contact to symptoms can be different and depends on the agents-provocateur.

Аллергический шок: первая помощь пострадавшему и симптоматикаFor example, after a bite, the body begins to respond immediately, but after a food the reaction will appear after a few minutes or hours.

In most situations, symptoms appear five to fifteen minutes after harm allergies.

The main grounds on which you can immediately recognize an allergic reaction are:

  • change the color of the epidermis, the appearance of small rashes or irritation;
  • swelling of the skin, soft tissues and mucous membranes on the face (like angioedema, which is written in detail in a separate article, but you can find it on this site);
  • respiratory failure as a consequence of swelling of the organs responsible for breathing;
  • a feeling of tightness of the neck;
  • the appearance of false taste in the mouth (often appears smack of metal);
  • the panic and disorder of consciousness;
  • change heart rhythm.
READ  After contractubex chicken pox: it will help to cope with the scars

What to do to prevent allergic shock seizure?

After reading the above, you are probably thinking about how to protect themselves and to anticipate the possibility of allergies. Unfortunately, medical tests are not able to answer the question: can a specific person to develop an anaphylactic reaction?

But to determine whether a person is allergic to something, is quite capable. Therefore, if you are not sure you are not allergic, it is better to consult an allergist, who will test it.

The main goal of medical tests is to identify potentially harmful allergen. To do this will help:

  • the skin of different samples;
  • Patch-test;
  • blood IgE;
  • sample of a provocative nature.

Types of allergic shock

Such a reaction can have multiple types. To determine the type is easy, if a good understanding of the symptoms.

Want to know what types of shock are there? Then here is the list:

  • Classic — accompanied by the usual light signs of intolerance (rash, sneezing, lacrimation, etc.);
  • Hemodynamic — basic manifestations of reactions associated with the circulatory system;
  • Efficicncy — respiratory failure;
  • Abdominal signs associated with digestive tract;
  • Cerebral disorders of the nervous Central system.
  • The most terrible consequence of the shock is respiratory arrest a few minutes after the appearance of the first signs. Therefore it is so important to help the victim to allergies.

    First aid allergies in a state of shock

    First aid is a certain sequence of actions aimed at improving the condition of allergic. If you had an allergic reaction, you need to:

  • To call an ambulance.
  • Remove the source of the allergen (if it is an insect bite, then pull the stinger from the wound, and if it is the medication, then emptying the stomach).
  • Put allergies on the back and lift the leg.
  • To control the consciousness check, it is not lost if it allergic.
  • To release the way of breathing. To remove mucus from the oral cavity. Make sure that the allergic breathing.
  • If breathing and pulse are absent, start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.
  • Treatment

    Allergies, if he knows about any allergies must carry a set of medicines for emergency treatment. This is not the usual antihistamines, adrenaline injectors:

    • EpiPen;
    • Anapen;
    • Jext, and the like.

    Аллергический шок: первая помощь пострадавшему и симптоматикаThe above preparations are injected intramuscularly immediately after appearance of the first signs of shock. By the way, these drugs are available for animals, which also could be allergic.

    Symptoms of shock, seizure of animals does not differ from human.

    After the ambulance arrives, the injured taken to hospital. There it is waiting for the standard treatment of allergic reactions. The patient will be discharged in two to ten days after the Allergy will cease to be manifested.

    Prevention of allergic shock seizures

    Prevention may hold only the allergies, but is it:

    • constant wearing of medicines for first aid;
    • conflict prevention from dangerous insects;
    • prevent the ingestion of dangerous allergic food or medicine.

    If you know that your body does not tolerate something, avoid contact with this substance. Be sure to carry medications prescribed by allergist. But if you are a happy person, not suffering from allergies, it is better to check for its presence.

    That’s all the information about the allergic shock. I hope the article was informative and interesting. Share read by people who are in your friends list in the social. networks. Subscribe to site updates and receive notifications of new publications. All the best to you!

    The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)