Allergic urticaria: symptoms and ways of treatment of this disease
Hello, dear readers. Very often some of the allergens people have reactions such as skin rashes, accompanied by itching and burning sensation.
This disease is diagnosed as allergic urticaria. What is this disease and how to treat it? Let’s try to sort out this problem.
How to recognize allergic hives?
If our body gets the allergen, it begins to release histamine – substance that increases the permeability of the capillary walls and blood vessels.
Because of this from the blood the fluid enters into the surrounding connective tissue, which leads to rashes, inflammation and swelling.
If you have allergic hives, rashes usually appear immediately after there was contact with the allergen.
The reaction will be this: first appears redness of the skin, then on this place there will be blisters, which will be accompanied by severe itching.
Blisters are of reddish color, are chaotic in nature but can merge into a single spot in the acute form of the disease.
If they are not treated, then after some time you will get on the skin big patches with jagged edges. If you doubt that you have hives, then take a look at below photo, where the disease is depicted clearly.
Hives performs on all parts of the body, including mucous membranes and genitals. It can appear on the face, which will also cause psychological discomfort, in addition to physical.
However, for allergic hives is characterized by a complete reversibility, that is after the attack, the spots will disappear, leaving the body no trace.
The causes of disease
As mentioned above, the first symptoms of disease appear due to contact with allergens. These include:
- Insect bites;
- Saliva and dander;
- Some foods (nuts, fruits, and berries red, citrus, seafood, milk, mushrooms, soy and other);
- Drugs (antibiotics, penicillin, NSAIDs, sulfonamides);
- Sunlight or low temperatures.
How is the disease?
Most often, allergic urticaria is a chronic recurrent nature. It can continue throughout life with constant acute relapses.
In most cases the basis of disease is any disease process or chronic illness which is exacerbated due to allergen or other effects.
The sudden manifestation of rash and itching, one can say that acute urticaria. It may be accompanied by fever, weakness, upset stomach.
If precipitation was performed on the body of the infant, it is likely he has an Allergy to a particular product, eaten by the mom or the mix.
There are cases of complications of allergic urticaria. They are associated with deeper lesions of the skin, resulting in swelling goes to the underlying tissue.
This condition is called antivibrations edema or angioedema. The skin becomes white or pale-pink color, becoming dense. Particularly dangerous angioedema of the nose, throat and mucous membrane of the larynx, as may occur the asthma attack.
What factors increase the probability of occurrence of allergic urticaria
- Various tumors;
- Morning sickness during pregnancy;
- System and autoimmune disease;
- Kidney disease and liver;
- Fungal, viral and respiratory infections;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Diagnosis of the disease
In order to properly diagnose, you should consult a dermatologist or allergist. Urticaria is code ICD-10 (international classification of diseases).
The doctor, after reviewing your medical history, prescribe you a skin test to determine what allergies you have.
Importantly, to distinguish hives from other diseases that have similar symptoms: contact or atopic dermatitis, urticarial vasculitis, and others.
Methods of treatment
First and foremost you will be prescribed a hypoallergenic diet. Eliminate from your diet all allergic foods, at least until full recovery. In the future, try to avoid their consumption.
In addition, the doctor will prescribe antihistamines. In the pharmaceutical market their weight but the most effective and safe are drugs 2 and subsequent generations, such as Zyrtec, loratadine, claritin, Helps.
They are able to reduce the effects of histamine on blood vessels, resulting in reduced inflammation, itching and burning.
These medications are good because they can be taken 1 tablet a day (for treatment of the disease in adults). For the child’s body provides drops Fenistil or Zyrtec.
If you have an acute reaction, it is possible to receive a glucocorticosteroid medications. They can be in the form of injection (assigned when disposition to edema Quincke) and tablets for getting rid of the common symptoms.
Dose and time of taking such drugs is prescribed only the doctor. Self-treatment with these drugs is unacceptable.
To clean the stomach of toxins (in our case of allergens), it is necessary to drink a course of sorbents, the list including Polisorb, Enterosgel, activated carbon.
Than during illness to smear the skin?
To reduce the burning and itching you can use antihistamine special gels and ointments. For children, pregnant and lactating mothers suitable non-hormonal ointments, such as La foi, Fenistil, Rezulin, zinc ointment.
They are able to soothe irritated skin and remove redness and rashes improve your overall health.
Adults can be prescribed hormonal ointments: Advantan Loridan, prednisolone ointment, etc. They belong to the glucocorticosteroid funds quickly relieve the symptoms of allergic urticaria.
However, they must be used with caution because they have many contraindications and side effects.
Folk remedies to help you
The simplest thing you can do to cure hives is to RUB the body with a decoction of herbs (chamomile, St. John’s wort, calendula, series). In addition, such a composition can add to the bathroom and take her 15-20 minutes a day. Especially good these trays for children.
In addition to this, wipe the skin with raw potato and drink celery juice, which can strengthen the immune system.
Prevention of the disease
Most importantly, avoid contact with the allergen.
If you have a solar form of the disease, do not go outside between 12 and 16 hours (in the period of solar activity).
When mechanical urticaria, do not scratch the blisters, do not wear synthetic fabric, which can RUB or damage the skin.
During the cold weather in cold urticaria use nourishing creams to protect hands, face and neck. Also useful in the cold season to drink a decoction of raspberry, honey and rose hips.
Try to eat fewer sweets, citrus and other allergic products that may provoke the disease. If your baby has a rash, check your diet or change the mixture.
If you follow these rules, even chronic urticaria is seldom to be felt. Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)