Allergy medications for children: what are the most effective?
Good day, dear readers. Children’s hypersensitivity — a frequent phenomenon in our days. If the child is not treated, he will develop complications, such as asthma, for example.
Allergy medications for children is now available in great abundance. Let’s consider the most effective and sought-after to know how to treat the baby allergic.
Group antiallergic drugs
Initially, let’s talk about what medications are used to eliminate allergies and what you can children. In fact, the treatment of pediatric and adult allergies is a little different. Drugs that are assigned hypersensitive children can be divided into 5 main groups:
- antihistamines generations 1,2,3 — designed to block the H1 receptors, sensitive to histamine;
- corticosteroids — hormones that affect fat cells, relieves the harsh symptoms of allergies;
- antileukotriene — intended to block leukotrienes that cause allergic bronchospasm;
- anti-inflammatory — slows down the development of hypersensitivity;
- immunomodulatory is the best for children — Rhoose (we will discuss in detail at the end of the article).
All medicines from hypersensitivity can be divided into local — applied topically — is inflicted on the skin, and systemic, which are taken inside and quickly have an impact on the body.
As for children, babies up to 1 year most medications are contraindicated. Since the age of one year children can be treated with some antihistamines, and ointments are often of local character and gels or suspensions for oral administration.
Remember, kids-babies skin is much thinner and more receptive than adults. Because of this, local drug can deeply penetrate the epidermis and be absorbed into the bloodstream and cause systemic side deterioration.
Never self-medicate babies! In case of allergic attack make sure to call the doctor. Now let us consider the previously listed types of Allergy drugs.
Generation antihistamines 1
Such medicines include Suprastin, Avil,Tavegil.
This tablet medicines prescribed children with any allergies. They can be used to treat:
- different types of diathesis;
- kropiwnicka and other allergenic rash;
Funds of the first generation begin to operate one hour after the ingestion. Their effect persists for 24 hours, however, doctors prescribe two or three doses per day to maintain results.
- can develop addictive;
- the child’s body gradually ceases to respond to the instructions in dosage.
To pervoposelenets local antihistamine considered: Psili-balm, Fenistil gel. With the help of these drugs you can quickly remove allergens rashes, reducing itching and discomfort, cure negative reaction to the bites.
The above antihistamines have a huge list of side effects. Therefore, at the present time they are almost not prescribed, especially children under 3 years. In addition, these remedies is not recommended to use long, otherwise the body of the allergic person will cease to respond to them.
Antihistamine 2nd generation
These include Cetirizine, loratadine, Ebastine.
These medicines appeared relatively recently. Their impact on small developing organism are not fully understood. However, they, unlike the previous one, are not addictive.
Their advantage is the absence of a wide range of side effects. Due to the fact that the drugs of the second generation are not well studied, they should not be used for children 2 years of age and younger. It is strictly forbidden to give their babies up to six months.
- hay fever;
- seasonal allergies;
- seasonal rhinitis and dermatitis.
The best part is that drugs of the 2nd generation does not affect the function, thanks to which they can be treated during school hours. To achieve the desired result it is sufficient a single dose per day. The result achieved is maintained during the day (at least).
The third generation of antihistamines
New generation products have almost no systemic side effects, therefore, without fear of appointed breast babies.
Make enough of them in such doses: 1таб./day, and treatment almost never exceeds a week. During this time, the symptoms of hypersensitivity are. The new-generation drug is considered as Levocetirizine and Fexofenadine.
Very young children aged 1-3 years, I would recommend Aerius in liquid syrup form. Students also can be treated including antihistamines, as a new generation of drugs did not affect the function and CNS in General.
If you want to get rid of severe manifestations of intolerance as quickly as possible, then you need the corticosteroids. In milder forms of hypersensitivity these drugs are not assigned.
The reason for this is the broad list of serious systemic contraindications. But the corticosteroids have a heavy duty anti-inflammatory effect.
Using of corticosteroids can be cured:
- bronchial asthma;
- different types of swelling;
- shock anaphylactic in nature;
- acute Toxo-allergic reactions.
These drugs can be given to children with cough, the first symptom of bronchial asthma which not infrequently is a complication of allergies. Assign them to allergies from the age of six. The most popular are Montelukast, Zafirlukast.
The above medicines start functioning immediately, do not remove the symptoms of hypersensitivity, but effectively warn allergic asthma.
In attacks of intolerance it is better to use local anti-inflammatory forms: sprays, nose drops, inhalers.
With their help you can not cure the attack, but it is possible to make prevention of complications. Medication against inflammation for babies with allergies are produced, comprising drug substance cromoglicate sodium and sodium nedocromil.
Immunomodulatory — enhancing protective function of children’s immune system
Often the culprit intolerance is weakened children’s immune system. In this case, it is advisable to take immune modulators, e.g. RUz — one of the most popular children’s medicines, has earned a lot of positive reviews.
It is derived from thermophilic Staphylococcus aureus (bacteria living in there). He trains the immune system, has powerful anti-inflammatory action and eliminates such Allergy symptoms as:
- swelling of the epidermis and mucous membranes;
- skin irritation;
Now you know all about Allergy medicines that treat modern children. If the article was interesting and informative, tell your friends in the social. networks. If you liked our site, subscribe to its updates. Up to new meetings!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)