Baby dermatitis: how to relieve your baby from illness?
Good day! Dear readers, our topic today is dedicated to the dermatitis in the child. Baby dermatitis is primarily atopic dermatitis and seborrheic.
When exposed to the skin of external stimuli (chemical, animal, plant, temperature) causes inflammation, but a major factor is a fungus of the genus Malassezia furfur.
The development of the disease
The causative agent belongs to yeast-like fungi, which are a component of the normal microflora of man.
They exist, provided a sufficient sebum, so seborrheic dermatitis manifests itself in certain places.
It is the sebum provides the fungus sources of growth and reproduction, so they are localized around their ducts.
The above-described environmental factors could affect the balance, so the fungi start to go active.
The body can no longer control their growth and saprophytic state. Great importance to the development of the disease have immune, neurogenic and hormonal factors.
In children, seborrheic dermatitis is called gneiss, and occurs in almost all newborns. This is due to the imperfection of the body, a period of adaptation to the environment.
In pediatric practice, there are several main reasons for the development of seborrheic dermatitis:
What is the clinical picture?
Gneiss in infants often appears on the second or third week of life. The parents go to the doctor complaining of the presence of thick yellow scales on the scalp or in the area brownish Doug (photo).
The severity of manifestations varies from a minor to a full head-covering thick greasy crusts.
Sometimes the rash is spreading on skin folds, the limbs of the baby, she looks like spots with a rough surface and papules, around which you can see the cradle cap scales.
How to cure seborrhea in infants?
The choice of treatment depends on the extent of the symptoms. In any case, you first need to establish a feeding regime and diet, to remove all possible allergens, including contact.
What constitutes proper skin care for a newborn tips Dr. Komarovsky: timely cleaning, air bath at every diaper change, using only professional cosmetics for children for skin care, toilet baby, bathing, airing rooms, humidification, if necessary, selection of clothes according to the season and air temperature.
If the little crusts, then after bathing can with a soft brush gradually to remove them, but don’t hard to RUB the delicate skin to avoid irritation.
Once all the crust you do not remove, please be patient. Seborrhea is easier to come down, brush the crust with oil, put the baby bonnet at night and in the morning comb brush.
There is a special tool that removes most of the flakes at one time. For Example, Aqualon. It is applied before bathing, then wash off together with the scales.
Most of the children for 2 months already disappeared seborrhea, but sometimes you have to use more serious drugs: baby cream-based antifungal components (clotrimazole), shampoos and gels with antifungal and anti-inflammatory action, ointments with corticosteroids.
Other types of dermatitis in children
Pay attention to atopic dermatitis as the most frequent problem of children. The basis of dermatitis — genetic predisposition to the formation of the body’s immune response that causes inflammation of the skin.
Please note the mandatory criteria:
Three or more of the following features are the basis for diagnosis.
Realized dermatitis due to components supply, approximately 96-100 % of cases. The main allergens are: eggs, cow’s milk protein, chocolate, citrus fruits, fish, grains, fish, nuts, soya protein.
It is worth remembering that if you are allergic to one of the components is formed by a susceptibility to others that is called cross-Allergy.
The disease occurs in three stages, which can flow into each other. Infants expressed exudation, oozing, edema, the appearance of papules vesicles, erythema. It is often seen on the skin. This infant stage of the disease.
Next is the baby stage, which is characterized by thickening of the skin, hyperkeratosis and the appearance of erythematous papules. Age from 2 to 13 years.
In skin folds may appear lichenoid papules, half of the children is atopic face skin peeling on the eyelids, the eyebrows, the appearance of cheilitis, hyperpigmentation.
Adolescents expressed dryness, flaking, primarily affected the face and the upper half of the trunk.
Treatment of the disease
There are rules in the therapy of dermatitis:
- To eliminate the allergen;
- Antigistaminnye drugs, blockers of mediators of Allergy;
- Treatment of concomitant pathology;
- Immune therapy;
- Outer means.
Of drugs prescribed:
Treatment of allergic dermatitis long-term, the therapy can last up to 2 years, an average of 6 to 8 months.
Therefore, parents should be patient, to continue the child is not faced with more severe problems.
Read the following articles lots of useful information about the treatment of skin diseases!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)