Birth control acne: myth or reality?

Contraceptive drugs are group of medicines, the reception of which is aimed at preventing unwanted pregnancies. In addition to the main action, the drugs have a beneficial effect on the skin, hair and appearance of women. There is a perception that females use birth control for acne. Is this true, and how such therapy is effective?

The content of the article

  • How do the medications on acne?
  • Types of drugs
  • Combined oral contraceptives
  • The cosmetic effect of drugs
  • Who is suitable for treatment?
  • The advantages and disadvantages of combined drugs
  • The advantages and disadvantages of the «mini-pill»
  • TOP most effective means
  • Rules of admission
  • The danger of contraceptives
  • When should I worry?
  • Video
  • How do the medications on acne?

    Hormonal effective in the treatment of acne and acne due to its anti-androgenic action. The composition of funds consists of a combination of certain hormones that act on the ovaries, changing their functionality.

    Hormonal disturbance and reduction in estrogen levels provoke changes in the sebaceous glands. Increased production of sebum leads to the fact that it fails to come to the surface, is a violation of the outflow. Conditions are favorable for the breeding of pathological microflora.

    Hormonal contraceptives stabilize the balance between androgens and estrogens in the female body, restoring the normal background. The drugs with the aim of acne treatment is not taken long courses (three months). This allows not only to get rid of the problem but also prevent recurrence.

    Types of drugs

    There are three main groups of contraceptives, separation of which is based on the characteristics of composition:

    1. Combination medications combine a progestin and estrogen. The result of action is the stopping of ovulation and increase the thickness of cervical mucus, which reduces the possibility of penetration of sperm into the uterine cavity. The band is most effective in the treatment of acne due to its powerful inhibition of androgen action. Representatives – Janine, Rigevidon, Yasmin.
    2. The «mini-pill» — consists of only a progestin (Auret, Charozetta, Micronor). Prescribed for women with contraindications to the use of estrogen and lactation. The action is identical to preparations of the first group.
    3. Emergency contraception contains a loading dose of levonorgestrel that causes the rejection of the mucous membrane of the uterine cavity (the type of the next menstruation). Drugs inhibit the release of an egg from the follicle and promotion in the fallopian tubes to the uterine cavity. Representatives Postinor, Genale, Escape.

    The most used are the first two groups of contraceptives. Before starting therapy, be sure to consult a gynecologist-endocrinologist.

    Combined oral contraceptives

    The group has three subgroups. Monophasic means are characterized by identical content of both types of hormones in all pills packs. That is, receives the same amount.

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    Double phase – the first part of the pill contains more estrogen, and the second one – progesterone. Assigned less often than the first group.

    Packing of three-phase tablets is the division of the type of hormonal normal menstrual cycle.

    The cosmetic effect of drugs

    Antiandrogenic action has the following results:

  • slows down the activity of the sebaceous glands;
  • tightens pores;
  • reduces greasiness of the skin;
  • reduces the amount produced of secretion of sebaceous glands and accelerates its outflow;
  • relieves inflammation in areas of the pathological lesions;
  • the maximum reduces the number of acne;
  • removes puffiness from the face.
  • Such efficiency is possible only in case if etiological factor of acne and comedones on the skin is hormonal imbalance in the body associated with sexuality. If the acne came on the background of dysbiosis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pathologies of the thyroid gland, the result of the use of hormonal contraceptives will not have the desired effect.

    Who is suitable for treatment?

    Therapy of acne with hormonal methods permissible in adult persons, having a stable menstrual cycle. A prerequisite is the presence of an active sexual life and a desire to prevent the possibility of conception during treatment.

    Противозачаточные от прыщей: миф или реальность?

    It is worth emphasizing the impossibility of using this method to combat acne men. The use of such drugs will lead to a significant hormonal disorders and heavy consequences from the sexual sphere.

    The use of oral contraceptives is forbidden:

  • in the period of carrying a child;
  • to 18 years, while puberty;
  • diseases of the liver (hepatitis);
  • in case of individual hypersensitivity to the active substances of drugs;
  • group of combined funds not used during lactation.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of combined drugs

    Positive aspects of combined funds:

  • reducing the number of comedones on the skin and their associated manifestations;
  • prevention of recurrence of inflammatory processes;
  • 99% effectiveness in preventing pregnancy;
  • reducing the risk of an ectopic implantation of the ovum;
  • prevention of oncologic processes and formations cystic nature of the ovaries;
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  • normalization of the menstrual cycle, reduced pain during menstruation.
  • Disadvantages of drugs containing both progestin and estrogen:

  • in the form of side effects occurs cephalalgia, dizziness, nausea;
  • increase sensitivity of mammary glands;
  • increase risk of development of cardiovascular pathologies.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of the «mini-pill»

    Positive aspects receiving progestinami funds are the possibility of use during lactation, combined with Smoking (if a woman has this bad habit), the use of in hypertension. The «mini-pill» protects against inflammatory processes and neoplasms of the female genital organs.

    Shortcomings believe a weaker effect compared to combination drugs, and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. A greater number of side effects:

  • pain in the abdomen;
  • cephalalgia;
  • increasing the number of menstrual flow;
  • insomnia;
  • the development of thrombosis;
  • the appearance of edema;
  • vomiting;
  • the decrease in visual acuity.
  • TOP most effective means

    The first place for reviews women treating acne with birth control, takes the drug yasmin is monophasic combined tool. Yasmin is one of the most expensive equipment, has a large number of contraindications.

    Противозачаточные от прыщей: миф или реальность?

    Second place – single-phase product Jess, with a weaker effect, but a smaller list of side effects and contraindications.

    Third place is a known drug Diane-35. Refers to the average price category, has a less pronounced effect compared with the previous representatives.

    Fourth place belongs to Janine. The drug is effective against acne and blackheads, however, the result may disappear after cessation of therapy.

    Fifth place is the Chloe, which is similar to Diane-35 in composition and quantity of active substances.

    A rating is not a final indicator of the need of the use of hormonal methods. You need to remember that the body of each girl is unique, and therefore, could respond to the drugs.

    Rules of admission

    Most often each tablet in the pack signed by the number of days of admission. This is done for the convenience of women, because forgetfulness is a dangerous enemy of these medications. The first tablet is taken on the first day of menstruation, it reflects the time of its use. Daily intake of the drug must pass exactly at the same time, coinciding with the first pill. Doctors recommend to choose the time before bed to rid yourself of the feeling of light nausea that occurs in the first week.

    After using the 21 tablets, you need to take a break of 7 days. During this period, menstruation occurs. The described scheme is an instruction for use of combined hormonal contraceptives.

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    The «mini-pill» are used without interruption. Pass reception could lead to a sharp decrease of the effect, because the period of excretion of the active substances from the body less than half than the combined means.

    Противозачаточные от прыщей: миф или реальность?

    The danger of contraceptives

    Hormones have high efficiency protection against unplanned pregnancy, struggling with acne and breakouts. At the same time, long use can cause the development of the following pathologies:

  • tumors of the malignant nature of the genital organs;
  • breast cancer in menopause;
  • reduce the possibility of fertility and conception in the normal menstrual cycles;
  • thrombosis, if the medication is combined with tobacco Smoking;
  • development of obesity;
  • decreased libido, anorgasmia;
  • bleeding.
  • When should I worry?

    There are a number of conditions, which are a signal to drug discontinuation and appeal for help to the gynecologist. This must be done if there were sudden changes in blood pressure, seizures, repeated vomiting. Is itchy skin or skin rash appears in the form of urticaria.

    Bleeding, sudden decrease in vision or hearing, chest pain when you try to take a deep breath or signs of jaundice are also a major reason for seeking help.

    Противозачаточные от прыщей: миф или реальность?

    If the result of the use of contraceptives is not made itself felt for several months, is to review the causes of pimples and acne. Perhaps some small nuances was missed at the time of primary diagnosis. Important is the combination of hormonal agents and local therapy with the use of an antiseptic, drying and regenerative agents. This will help to normalize the skin and restore its healthy look.

    Video

    As an effective contraceptive for acne.

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