Birth control acne: myth or reality?
Contraceptive drugs are group of medicines, the reception of which is aimed at preventing unwanted pregnancies. In addition to the main action, the drugs have a beneficial effect on the skin, hair and appearance of women. There is a perception that females use birth control for acne. Is this true, and how such therapy is effective?
The content of the article
How do the medications on acne?
Hormonal effective in the treatment of acne and acne due to its anti-androgenic action. The composition of funds consists of a combination of certain hormones that act on the ovaries, changing their functionality.
Hormonal disturbance and reduction in estrogen levels provoke changes in the sebaceous glands. Increased production of sebum leads to the fact that it fails to come to the surface, is a violation of the outflow. Conditions are favorable for the breeding of pathological microflora.
Hormonal contraceptives stabilize the balance between androgens and estrogens in the female body, restoring the normal background. The drugs with the aim of acne treatment is not taken long courses (three months). This allows not only to get rid of the problem but also prevent recurrence.
Types of drugs
There are three main groups of contraceptives, separation of which is based on the characteristics of composition:
- Combination medications combine a progestin and estrogen. The result of action is the stopping of ovulation and increase the thickness of cervical mucus, which reduces the possibility of penetration of sperm into the uterine cavity. The band is most effective in the treatment of acne due to its powerful inhibition of androgen action. Representatives – Janine, Rigevidon, Yasmin.
- The «mini-pill» — consists of only a progestin (Auret, Charozetta, Micronor). Prescribed for women with contraindications to the use of estrogen and lactation. The action is identical to preparations of the first group.
- Emergency contraception contains a loading dose of levonorgestrel that causes the rejection of the mucous membrane of the uterine cavity (the type of the next menstruation). Drugs inhibit the release of an egg from the follicle and promotion in the fallopian tubes to the uterine cavity. Representatives Postinor, Genale, Escape.
The most used are the first two groups of contraceptives. Before starting therapy, be sure to consult a gynecologist-endocrinologist.
Combined oral contraceptives
The group has three subgroups. Monophasic means are characterized by identical content of both types of hormones in all pills packs. That is, receives the same amount.
Double phase – the first part of the pill contains more estrogen, and the second one – progesterone. Assigned less often than the first group.
Packing of three-phase tablets is the division of the type of hormonal normal menstrual cycle.
The cosmetic effect of drugs
Antiandrogenic action has the following results:
Such efficiency is possible only in case if etiological factor of acne and comedones on the skin is hormonal imbalance in the body associated with sexuality. If the acne came on the background of dysbiosis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pathologies of the thyroid gland, the result of the use of hormonal contraceptives will not have the desired effect.
Who is suitable for treatment?
Therapy of acne with hormonal methods permissible in adult persons, having a stable menstrual cycle. A prerequisite is the presence of an active sexual life and a desire to prevent the possibility of conception during treatment.
It is worth emphasizing the impossibility of using this method to combat acne men. The use of such drugs will lead to a significant hormonal disorders and heavy consequences from the sexual sphere.
The use of oral contraceptives is forbidden:
The advantages and disadvantages of combined drugs
Positive aspects of combined funds:
Disadvantages of drugs containing both progestin and estrogen:
The advantages and disadvantages of the «mini-pill»
Positive aspects receiving progestinami funds are the possibility of use during lactation, combined with Smoking (if a woman has this bad habit), the use of in hypertension. The «mini-pill» protects against inflammatory processes and neoplasms of the female genital organs.
Shortcomings believe a weaker effect compared to combination drugs, and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. A greater number of side effects:
TOP most effective means
The first place for reviews women treating acne with birth control, takes the drug yasmin is monophasic combined tool. Yasmin is one of the most expensive equipment, has a large number of contraindications.
Second place – single-phase product Jess, with a weaker effect, but a smaller list of side effects and contraindications.
Third place is a known drug Diane-35. Refers to the average price category, has a less pronounced effect compared with the previous representatives.
Fourth place belongs to Janine. The drug is effective against acne and blackheads, however, the result may disappear after cessation of therapy.
Fifth place is the Chloe, which is similar to Diane-35 in composition and quantity of active substances.
A rating is not a final indicator of the need of the use of hormonal methods. You need to remember that the body of each girl is unique, and therefore, could respond to the drugs.
Rules of admission
Most often each tablet in the pack signed by the number of days of admission. This is done for the convenience of women, because forgetfulness is a dangerous enemy of these medications. The first tablet is taken on the first day of menstruation, it reflects the time of its use. Daily intake of the drug must pass exactly at the same time, coinciding with the first pill. Doctors recommend to choose the time before bed to rid yourself of the feeling of light nausea that occurs in the first week.
After using the 21 tablets, you need to take a break of 7 days. During this period, menstruation occurs. The described scheme is an instruction for use of combined hormonal contraceptives.
The «mini-pill» are used without interruption. Pass reception could lead to a sharp decrease of the effect, because the period of excretion of the active substances from the body less than half than the combined means.
The danger of contraceptives
Hormones have high efficiency protection against unplanned pregnancy, struggling with acne and breakouts. At the same time, long use can cause the development of the following pathologies:
When should I worry?
There are a number of conditions, which are a signal to drug discontinuation and appeal for help to the gynecologist. This must be done if there were sudden changes in blood pressure, seizures, repeated vomiting. Is itchy skin or skin rash appears in the form of urticaria.
Bleeding, sudden decrease in vision or hearing, chest pain when you try to take a deep breath or signs of jaundice are also a major reason for seeking help.
If the result of the use of contraceptives is not made itself felt for several months, is to review the causes of pimples and acne. Perhaps some small nuances was missed at the time of primary diagnosis. Important is the combination of hormonal agents and local therapy with the use of an antiseptic, drying and regenerative agents. This will help to normalize the skin and restore its healthy look.
As an effective contraceptive for acne.