Cat allergies: causes and treatments

Аллергия на кошек: причины появления и способы леченияHello, dear readers! I want to tell you about a problem, like an Allergy to cats. Pets holds 60% of the population of our country.

These cute fluffy lumps lift our spirits, help you relax, brighten up the loneliness. But not all cats are helpful and nice.

From allergies they can cause severe seizures, up to anaphylactic shock status and edema of Quincke type.

Why our body can negatively react to a family pet cat? Let’s examine this question in detail.

Causes of feline intolerance

Argued that most dangerous allergen is wool. In reality, not so simple. Hypersensitivity is often triggered not by the wool, and:

  • the feces and urine;
  • saliva;
  • dead skin particles;
  • blood;
  • the secret of the sebaceous glands;
  • food (especially dry).

Is it possible to protect yourself from allergies, if you have a hairless cat, for example, the Sphinx? The answer is read in a separate article. I will say one thing, if Allergy intolerance to cellular proteins, then any cat will be for him to danger.

So we approached the question: what exactly provokes allergic attacks in children and adults? If we are talking about cat, it can be:

  • proteins of the cell — substance contained in the skin, urine and saliva of the animal;
  • allergens brought in from the street to the animal when the cat is walking, it collects hair, dust, pollen and other things that provokes attacks of hypersensitivity have Allergy sufferers.

Based on the foregoing, it should be noted that hypersensitivity can develop that is not on the pet, and the allergens that it brings after a walk from the street. To determine what provoked a hypersensitivity, an Allergy test.

They are conducted in the laboratory by the method of adding a small number of allergen under the skin. Despite the reaction, the allergist determines that annoyed him more than anything.

Signs of feline hypersensitivity in humans

In almost all cases, the symptoms of this hypersensitivity is expressed clearly. Allergies just go into the room where the cat, after which he will immediately feel the deterioration of health. Want to know how to manifest hypersensitivity to the cat? Then here is a list of the most common symptoms are:

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  • like an asthmatic cough and shortness of breath;
  • the strongest rhinitis — nasal congestion, runny nose, itching of the skin;
  • tearing and redness of the eyes;
  • sneezing;
  • severe irritation and redness of the epidermis in the places that have soprikasalis with the stimulus (this symptom is shown in the photo).

Аллергия на кошек: причины появления и способы леченияBy the way, cats are also susceptible to hypersensitivity. It may appear to feed the cats, and its symptoms are a little different from human, as well as treatment, by the way.

In case of intolerance to anything the doctors suggest to abandon this stimulus.

To abandon a pet is very difficult, especially if the allergic person is a child, because he does not explain why he took your beloved furry friend.

Fortunately, there are other ways to ease the symptoms of allergies that will be useful to you if the pet you not willing to give up.

In some cases, from a cat-irritant do not have to give up?

Аллергия на кошек: причины появления и способы леченияSometimes intolerance is not triggered by the pet, and what he eats. For example, dry food that contains a huge variety of different types of substances, chemicals, or preservatives.

If intolerance developed on food, then get rid of the problem is simple — just move your pet to a natural feeding. But what if the attack happened on wool, or other components of the pet?

Prevent allergic seizures in cats

If you are interested in the question: how to get rid of cat allergies forever, the only option for you would be a complete rejection of contact with animals felines and their owners.

But if you are ready to change their lives in order not to abandon the pet, then offer effective recommendations that can make life easier for the allergies:

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  • If you first began the attack hypersensitivity, it should be treated with antihistamine drugs — Diazolinum, Zodak, Sitecom or the like. Appoint such drugs allergist. To self-medicate is not worth it! At the time of treatment attack the allergen will have to stop.
  • Charge caring for a pet to someone from a family who have no hypersensitivity. If allergies were a child, then the cat should take care of the parents. If this is not possible, then try to contact with the animal for long.
  • Do not let the pet into the bedroom or the room in which are too often. The cat — being unpretentious and independent. It is quite normal to feel in the apartment or house, if it is not allowed in a certain room.
  • If the pet is walking on the street, and you have developed an intolerance to wool, do not let him outside. All the necessary conditions you can equip the house.
  • Often clean. With wool and allergens, for example, flakes of skin, can handle a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter. He picks up the smallest particles due to which will help to remove not only dust and hair and allergens.
  • If possible, remove carpets and other «dust collectors», which remains wool.
  • Animal keep clean — bathe regularly, visivite, cut (if necessary).
  • Ventilate the room in the house often. If the air is dry, install a humidifier. The better will be the climate, the better to feel the person with the allergies.
  • If the response to cat developed in infants, it is advisable to give a pet a good home. Children’s undeveloped bodies can not cope with the allergen. Adults are more resistant to harmful external factors.
  • Walking on the street after the cat walks you need to wipe a damp (not wet, but a little bit) with a towel. So you will remove the pollen and dust from his fur.
  • If the house has air conditioning, then wash often and change the filters.
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    Now you know what the symptoms and cause of development of intolerance cat. I hope I answered all your questions.

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    The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)