Contact urticaria: causes povolenia and methods for the treatment of disease
Hello, dear readers. We are constantly in contact with various objects. Because of this, often our skin suffers from rash, itching and other unpleasant manifestations.
Allergic diseases occur on the background of the sensitivity of our body to certain substances and urticaria is no exception.
In today’s article we analyze in detail the question of what is contact urticaria and how to treat it.
What is this disease?
Contact urticaria appears after contact of mucous membrane or skin with certain substances. This disease is characterized by burning and itching of skin.
As a rule, the disease appears suddenly and also goes without major consequences. However, there are complications in the form of angioedema and anaphylactic shock.
Causes of contact urticaria
This form develops due to the close contact and interaction, mucous membranes or skin with allergenic items:
- Food (very often milk, citrus, chocolate);
- Chemicals (household chemicals, powder, soap);
- Pet hair;
- Poor quality cosmetics.
Very often this disease affects the doctors or beauticians who constantly use rubber gloves or other items, containing latex, for example, catheters. Sometimes the disease is chronic.
Also disease is common in patients that use metal implants (if they have hypersensitivity to metal).
If you have an Allergy to dust and dander, the disease is accompanied by symptoms of asthma or rhinitis.
In this case, it is necessary to exclude the contact of the source of the allergen, or you will get chronic asthma.
The manifestation of the disease
The main symptoms of this disease is blisters which are localized or generalized in nature (ie spread throughout the body).
If the allergen is affected mucous membranes may be the result of edema of the larynx, pharynx, oral cavity. It is often feels the burning and itching.
In this photo you see, is manifested as contact urticaria on the human body.
If you believe the statistics, almost 15% of all patients with the disease have additional symptoms in the form of bronchospasm, rhinitis, edema of different localization of gastrointestinal disorders.
Fastest hives after contact with mucous membranes rather than skin. The first signs of the disease are already visible after a couple of hours, after contact with a particular allergen. Rash on the body can remain up to several days.
In chronic contact urticaria body periodically covered with blisters, and then they quickly disappear with proper treatment.
How to diagnose the disease?
To determine the form of urticaria, the doctor should conduct a qualitative diagnosis. To exclude a variety of parasitic infestations, immune diseases, Oncology, patient will be assigned to urine, feces, blood, and ultrasound.
Also the doctor will conduct a test survey, which has sampled on these or other allergens. In the doctor’s office will contact the skin with the most popular allergens. If the reaction is positive, will appear on the skin redness and small blisters.
In addition to the above studies, the patient will be checked for the presence of comorbidities. Only after this is assigned treatment.
Methods of treatment of the disease
You first need to completely eliminate contact with the source of allergens. For removal from the body of provocative material should be to drink more water or to drink a course of sorbents or laxatives.
The most popular sorbents for today is POLYSORB, Enterosgel or conventional activated carbon.
In addition, will be assigned antihistamines to block the proliferation of allergen around the body.
Usually prescribed medications are the second and subsequent generations, because they do not cause drowsiness are taken once a day and are suitable for children.
For the treatment of urticaria in infants applied topical preparations in the form of ointments, gels and creams like Fenistil, La Cree, Rezulin and other.
As for antihistamines, up to 1 year, normally assigned to reception of Suprastinum on ¼ or 1/5 of the pill three times a day. After 1 year you can already make drops Fenistil or Zyrtec.
Local treatment of adults is based on the use of hormonal ointments: Advantan, Ftorokort, Elokom, prednisolone ointment.
Their prescribed for acute contact urticaria and other allergic manifestations. It is also necessary to comply with hypoallergenic diet, which excludes citrus fruits, nuts, chocolate, dairy products and other.
What can be complications and how to avoid them?
Usually contact urticaria treated quickly and does not pose any threat. Only if you have a predisposition to swelling, in this case, the house must have the glucocorticosteroid drugs to an exacerbation you could have a shot.
If you have no such possibility, then at the first sign of angioedema. call an ambulance. Remember, neglect of your health can cost you your life.
Many people try traditional methods of treatment of the rash, however, without the advice of a doctor should not do it, because it can reveal an Allergy to a particular herb.
If such manifestations have not happens, you can clean the skin with a decoction of chamomile, calendula, succession, or St. John’s wort to eliminate itching and swelling.
Try as much as possible to get in touch with the subjects on which you can develop an Allergy, do not wear jewelry, use quality cosmetics, often do wet cleaning at home, and in the period of flowering herbs take antihistamines.
And, of course, go through the regular advice from experts to avoid chronic urticaria. Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)