Cure for hives: what the doctors prescribe for the treatment?
Hello, dear readers. In our modern world, all diseases are treated with medications and hives no exception.
What medicines help with the itching, rashes and burning sensation? Talk about these drugs in more detail.
What drugs the doctor prescribes?
One of the key methods of drug therapy in urticaria is antihistamines. This is a very large group of drugs that are responsible for blockade of the histamine system, therefore, reducing the symptoms of urticaria.
In any shape or form of the disease the doctor prescribes these medicines.
Antihistamines for the treatment of
In 90% of cases urticaria is a allergic disease. That is why most often to treat used blocker of H1 receptors.
If the disease is caused by other reasons, you can apply the following medications:
- H2-blockers, which help in digestive diseases. They reduce the activity of gastric secretion, resulting in reduced symptoms.
- H3-blockers are used only in the treatment of diseases of neurological nature.
There are now 3 generations of medicines that help to cope with the symptoms of urticaria. Consider the most effective of them.
The first generation
These medicines are highly efficient, low cost, but at the same time, a number of side effects and contraindications.
They need to drink several times a day, causing some difficulty. In addition, after their admission, there is drowsiness, the pupil dilation, decrease in tone. The most popular drugs in this group are Diphenhydramine, Suprastin, Tavegil, Ketotifen.
All of these medications for children is permitted only accept suprastin. It is prescribed for acute urticaria ¼ tablet three times a day children from 1 month.
This is a very effective cure for hives that quickly relieves itching, redness and rash. Other drugs of this group in childhood is forbidden.
The second generation
In modern medicine it is the most popular group of drugs. Compared with their predecessors, they have less pronounced sedative effect, and you also need to drink them once a day.
For the treatment of urticaria, doctors often prescribed: claritin, Fenistil, loratadine, Zyrtec, Ebastine.
They can be used to eliminate the symptoms of the disease, in both adults and children. For kids Zyrtec and Fenistil is available in the form of drops, which is very convenient. There is also a gel Fenistil, intended for local treatment.
The third generation
This group includes pill – active metabolites. They have a minimum set of contraindications, as well as a great antihistamine effect. The list of effective medications include Telfast, this really Helps.
What can be taken from hives during pregnancy and lactation?
In fact, during these periods, any treatment prescribed by a doctor. Usually prescribed medication of the second generation.
Often therapy is limited to the reception of sorbents such as activated carbon, POLYSORB, Enterosgel. These medications will help excrete toxins and allergens, which served as the activator of disease.
During lactation there is a risk of penetration of active components of drugs in the blood and in mother’s milk, and hence to the child.
Medication first generation when feeding out very rarely, mostly second and third generation.
How to take the drugs to children?
Children are assigned drops Zyrtec or Fenistil. In serious cases, or the possible complications of the injection of Suprastin and other medicines.
Zyrtec and Fenistil is taken from 1 year 5-10 drops once a day. This dose can in the short term to eliminate the symptoms of urticaria and improve the General condition.
Of hormonal pills, as a rule, assigned to the Dexamethasone. This hormonal agent designed to eliminate the acute form of the disease. This therapy is only administered by a physician and performed under his supervision.
Dexamethasone is also based eye drop called Maxitrol, which are used for the treatment of conjunctivitis and rhinitis caused by an Allergy in urticaria.
If the urticaria is severe, a possible therapy in the hospital. In this case, appointed injections of Dexamethasone and Prednisolone.
They are introduced as intramuscularly and intravenously. Also possible one-time shot in the angioedema and anaphylactic shock. In this case, the injections do ambulance staff.
What are the ointments for the treatment of urticaria?
Some drugs are available in the form of ointments and gels. They are able to relieve itching, burning and other unpleasant sensations.
According to the reviews of patients with urticaria, the most effective are ointments such as Fenistil, La Cree, Rezulin, zinc ointment. Just one application on the skin to improve your condition.
These non-hormonal remedies to help with burns from the sun, in cold urticaria and other forms of this disease.
Of non-hormonal ointments proven themselves Advantan Loridan, Elokom, Prednisolone ointment. They are assigned when severe lesions accompanied by edema.
Whether to use the people’s money?
That treatment can be more effective and fast, you can with antihistamines and other medications to use traditional methods.
This lotions, compresses and decoctions of herbs that are used as individual tools and in the form of trays. The most popular herb is St. John’s wort, chamomile,, calendula, lemon balm, mint and other.
As a rule, to prepare the decoction is taken 1 tablespoon in a glass of water and insist in a water bath. Most often this treatment is prescribed to an infant, which drugs are not desirable.
Now in the pharmaceutical market there is a wide range of medicines. We do not recommend self-medicate hives, as many of them have serious side effects and contraindications.
Hormonal medications prescribed only by a doctor and at the pharmacy they just do not sell. Remember that any disease is better to prevent than to cure, so follow the prevention and Hypo-allergenic diet to hives walked by. Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)