Drug urticaria: treatment and prevention
Hello, dear readers. There are times when after taking any medicines on the body there is redness and rashes that look like blisters.
All at once assuming they’re not eaten, and this caused the Allergy.
Actually there is such a disease – drug hives, which symptoms similar to the usual allergic reaction, but the rash on the body look like burns from a nettle.
What is this disease? How to treat it? Can I take other medications? Do not cause if they relapse? We will try to answer these questions in today’s article.
Why is this disease manifested?
Drug urticaria is a skin disease of allergic nature, which is caused by the consequence of taking a medication.
According to statistics 5-10% of all cases of hives affected due to intake of allergenic drugs. As a rule, the disease begins immediately after the injection or the medication.
There are more long-term effects up to one day and even up to 10 days after ingestion of the allergen. You can confuse the disease with a simple Allergy. Look at this photo. It depicts a man with drug hives.
The blisters and rash are localized, usually on the trunk, folds of the legs and arms, face. The rash may be accompanied by itching, burning, fever, chills.
Sometimes blisters appear not only on the surface of the skin, but on mucous membranes. In children it can cause vomiting, diarrhea, frequent urination, dizziness.
For medicinal urticaria is most often quietly, without severe complications. There are times when the patient is in the disease process may develop angioedema with anaphylactic shock, however, such situations are extremely rare.
What causes hives dosage?
Unfortunately, completely resellergenie medications do not exist. You can not know exactly what you can manifest an allergic reaction.
The symptoms of urticaria can occur from certain medications: antibiotics, penicillin, antipyretics (analginum, aspirin, aminopyrine), sulfa drugs, chloramphenicol, vitamin b, sintomitsina.
If you’re going to be treated by these medicines, the sensitivity of their components will increase.
To reduce the risk of such diseases, do not self-medicate, especially with antibiotics.
These medications are prescribed in extreme cases. They have a very serious side effects and they are discharged together with the bacteria to restore the intestinal microflora.
Besides, it is proved that many known antibiotics, in addition to rimantadine and interferon, virtually has no effect on viral infections.
How to treat the disease?
The first thing you should do is to abandon the drug for which you believe you are allergic. In this case, follow a strict diet, avoiding foods that could worsen the situation: citrus, nuts, sweets, eggs.
Then try to get the allergen out of the body. This can be done a cleansing enema, drink sorbents or other drugs, but only by the doctor.
If the disease struck the child’s body, it is best to call an ambulance, which will send the baby to gastric lavage and write correct and effective treatment.
To eliminate the symptoms of allergic reactions (itching, burning, redness) you can take antihistamine medicines.
There are 4 generations of such drugs. The most popular nowadays are the drugs 3 generation do not cause drowsiness, and arrhythmia.
Moreover, unlike predecessors such medicines can drink to children (Zyrtec, Cetirizine, etc.).
To reduce itching, you can use anti allergic ointments and gels like Fenistil, La-Cree. There is another very effective ointment – Akriderm.
It perfectly helps to fight with acne, has anti-inflammatory and healing effect. However, it is composed of an antibiotic, therefore, assigns to it only a doctor for special reasons.
If you have a predisposition to angioedema, bronchial spasm, anaphylactic shock, and possible ingestion of glucocorticosteroid drugs.
They will not sell you without a prescription. They very quickly will help to cope with the symptoms of urticaria, but at the same time, because of the strong oppression of the immune system to help them rarely – only in severe cases. Their reception should not last more than 3 days.
If the blisters appeared on the mucous membranes, it is possible to wash them with a solution Miramistina or infusions of herbs (chamomile, calendula, St. John’s wort, a series or collection).
Body pruritus is also better to wipe a cotton pad soaked in herbal decoction. This will help to more quickly remove the swelling, redness and burning. Improve overall health helps warm shower or bath, only in the absence of temperature.
Prevention of the disease
The most important thing – never take the drug you have any allergies. Watch your diet. It should at most consist of fresh fruits and vegetables.
Teach their children to personal hygiene. For example, a child suffering from parasitic infestation, the most susceptible to the emergence of drug and other types of urticaria.
When any disease inform your doctor about the likelihood you are allergic to some drugs. In this case, he will be able to prescribe you a more gentle treatment.
Try to avoid excessive exposure to cold or heat. Remember, if you have tendency to drug urticaria may appear with other types of this disease.
Strengthen your immune system, take vitamins, avoid contact with sick people. Urticaria most often affects the body, which is more susceptible to various diseases. Be healthy!
Author: Anna Derbeneva (dermatologist)