Food dermatitis: how to eliminate the allergen and treat the disease?
Hello, our regular readers! Our conversation will focus on the common problem of all segments of the population, both children and adults.
Nutritional dermatitis is one of the most well-known pathologies, manifestations of which begins already in the first months of life and can you imagine crashing a serious problem in susceptible persons.
The main symptoms of food allergies manifest on the skin. It’s a rash, itching, especially at night.
The rash can be chronic, appearing and again recur. In children with severe on the skin and lots of scratching, sores which become infected.
Acute temporary rash characterized by secretion of a liquid which upon drying, forms a crust. Mostly it is observed in a child who had combed primary cells, we had a secondary infection of bacterial flora.
Subacute long rash appears dry skin, patches of redness, peeling. Itching is bothering the patient (see photo).
From constant scratching, the rash becomes rough, thicken the crust, lichenification occurs.
Other types of food allergies
Allergy can occur at any products: canned food, flavours, protein foods, dyes and so on. There is a rare form of the disease in children, triggered by the mother’s milk.
If food allergies are the most common two types of allergic reactions of four known:
The first step is to eliminate the allergen. The patient has conducted a number of laboratory tests to identify the cause of urticaria and other acute manifestations of reactions of immediate type.
Treatment of acute conditions by type of urticaria is using antihistamines second-generation, severe — first generation, and corticosteroids.
Antihistamines second-generation: cetirizine, loratadine, ebastine, desloratadine.
They have a high therapeutic activity, so their effect remains during the day, which frees the patient from frequent medication.
Initial therapy for the relief of symptoms is the appointment blockers of H1 histamine receptors, and local cooling lotions and protivozudnam drugs: metallsoderjasimi based on water at a concentration of 1 and 2%.
The second line of drugs — the corticosteroids.
Severe hives require the use of intravenous corticosteroids at a dose of 30 to 100 mg. of prednisone, from 4 to 16 mg of dexamethasone.
I suggest to watch one episode of the popular program «Live healthy», where in detail told about this disease:
Approach to the treatment of atopic dermatitis
Allergic dermatitis is treated with elimination of causative factors and purpose of an elimination diet. It is important to care of skin of the child.
To eliminate the rash and itching:
When severe dermatitis, not amenable to standard treatment, is recommended:
We hope our article will help you deal with the disease and defeat it! Up to new meetings!