Fungus of the scalp: how to recognize it and properly cured?
Dear readers, we are pleased to welcome you to the dermatological site! The causative agents of athlete’s foot can settle not only on the nails or feet, but in other more visible places on our body.
For example, the fungus of the scalp in recent times become increasingly common. This nasty disease leads to hair loss, heavy dandruff and other complications.
I propose to study fungal infection of the scalp for more details to be able to diagnose it and fight it.
Symptoms: how to diagnose athlete’s foot of the head itself?
Symptoms of fungal infection of the scalp it’s hard not to notice. The main symptoms of the disease include:
- abrupt and seemingly causeless deterioration of hair;
- dryness, hair loss and hair breakage;
- the emergence of a huge number of dandruff (dry or oily);
- redness of the epidermis;
- the appearance of pink rounded plaques;
- purulent inflammation of the skin (in severe disease).
The above deterioration can occur due to mycotic infections, but also due to other factors: change skin hair stress. non-compliance with care, drop of immunity, change of water and of residence.
If you have not changed skin cosmetics and mode of washing hair, but despite this, the condition of the hair has deteriorated, it may be that you have a fungus. Urgently refer to a specialist!
What, you ask? To the doctor-trichologist who will be able to establish an accurate diagnosis, given the test results and the appearance of the hair.
What are fungal infections of the scalp are the most common?
Fungal infections of the scalp can be different. Every single kind of fungus causes certain changes in the condition of the hair and epidermis.
Some fungal infections are fast enough on their own, others have a long time to heal. Some of the most common fungal infection of the scalp:
Microsporia is the most contagious fungal infection. The disease manifests itself in the form of redness on the skin, gradually getting smaller Valderice. On the spot redness quickly hair fall out. They eyes become brittle and lifeless.
The dermatophytosis — ringworm. About the disease everyone has heard of. With trichophytosis almost every one of us perevalivaet in childhood. Main symptoms of the disease: itching, heavy flaking, red spots, hair breakage, plaque gray in place of breaking of the hair.
With deep trichophytosis on the epidermis swelling appear red or bluish in color with clear contours. These tumors may have inside Valderice with purulent contents.
Additional signs ringworm is considered to be: malaise, swelling of lymph nodes, rash, allergic, deformation of nail plates.
The favus, or honeycomb ringworm. This disease in our latitudes is rare. They often perevalivaet residents of Asian countries and the Middle East. On the epidermis contaminated with fungus, appear yellowish brown in color.
If untreated, they grow. The hair under the scabs break and fall out.
Consider each fungal infection of the scalp you can in the photo. Agree, these diseases are not pleasant. Want to know how are they treated? Then read carefully the following paragraph of the article.
Antifungal treatment — the basics
In no case do not give yourself the treatment themselves, unless, of course, don’t want to stay without hair. The treatment selected by the doctor according to the variety of the fungus, which caused the disease.
Prescribers of comprehensive and systemic effects. It can be local: shampoos, ointments, sprays as well as oral, for example tablets.
Antifungal medicines have a lot of contraindications. Many of them are prohibited to taken by pregnant, children, breastfeeding, suffering from renal and hepatic disorders.
The most popular these days are anti-fungal shampoos:
- Keto plus
- Too bad.
Let’s look at examples of the treatment of mycosis of the scalp with certain antifungals:
Ointment of Microsporum such as Terbisil and Termikon, should be applied to the fungal infection affected areas twice a day. The formulations are applied in very thin layer and evenly distributed across the affected surface. Antifungal treatment lasts 2-4 weeks.
Tablets, for example, Griseofulvin, taken 3-4 times daily along with food. To improve the absorption of medication, you need to drink it with a teaspoon of vegetable oil. The course lasts 1-2 months.
For the treatment of trichophytosis are assigned to the same drugs. In addition to them, can be applied three times a day ointment Microspores. If the disease has become chronic, it is often prescribed «method of Arievich» — a special detachment of the Horny layer of the epidermis.
According to this method, the epidermis is overlaid with a poultice of milk-salicylic ointment for a few days. Then the poultice is changed to salicylic-zinc ointment. Then prepared the epidermis is removed with a blunt scalpel.
The rest of the hair, the black dots are removed with tweezers. Gradually the skin is restored. In place of remote start to grow healthy hairs.
For favus can be effectively treated by using ointment Batrafen. It is recommended to apply a thin layer on the infected uchastki twice a day. The duration of treatment is two weeks.
Reviews about the drugs, listed, mostly positive. To achieve maximum efficiency, you must use them wisely and only under the supervision of a physician.
Now you know how to treat different types of fungal infections of the head, namely the fibrous part. If the article was interesting and useful, please do tell about what you read to your friends on social networks.
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The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)