Genital herpes: symptoms, treatment and prevention
Good day, dear readers! You have a genital rash appeared suddenly? What is it? Most likely it is genital herpes. The disease is common and unpleasant, and in some cases even dangerous.
To be able to distinguish it from other sexual pathologies, check out the symptoms described in the article. And if you’re wondering why is there and how is genital herpes, then carefully read the entire article to be able to protect ourselves from it.
What constitutes intimate or genital herpes?
It is a certain infection which is provoked by herpes viruses: second type in 85% of cases and the first type that causes the common cold on the lips, in 15% of cases.
It used to be that all the rash below the belt provokes it is the second type, but it is now known that the first type can migrate and cover the intimate areas.
How do you get infected?
You can guess how this disease is transmitted. Of course, sexually transmitted through sexual contact. Infection can occur in all types of such contacts:
- classic vaginal;
- oral (so the virus migrates the first type);
Most infectious are considered carriers with no obvious signs of pathology. Is there any disease in other ways. There is evidence that the virus can move from one person to another with the use of General hygiene products, tableware, clothes. Household transmission is not considered the most dangerous and common.
People with obvious signs of sexual infection will not have sex. So often, the infection occurs from asymptomatic carriers.
This is the insidiousness of girisindeki — it can be asymptomatic. By the way, the symptoms appears only in 20-30% of carriers.
In addition to the above, it should be noted that the infection can be during childbirth, when the baby will pass through the tribal system of the mother.
This infection is considered the most dangerous, as newborns have a weak immunity, which can lead to various complications.
Other ways of transmission are considered to be unlikely. With minimal chance to get in:
- public toilets;
- baths and saunas;
- the massage rooms.
Why is the minimum probability? The fact that the instigator of pathology can’t tolerate malicious environmental factors. He quickly dies outside the host organism.
What happens after infection: how the disease develops?
After infection occurs, the incubation period, which lasts for 1-30 days. Why such a discrepancy in the timing? The virus causing herpes infections in the intimate area, is absorbed faster in a weakened organism. If the weak immune system in infected, the first symptoms will occur within 1-10 days, and if strong, then a month.
After incubation the first signs. They will be present for some time (up to months), and then the disease will go into sleep mode.
At any moment it can become active and resume the symptoms. The most prominent are the symptoms after the first infection, which look like this:
Herpes genital pathology incurable, as well as other types of herpes. After recovery of the viral particles travel to the nervous nodes there settle. At any moment they can go back to the skin and mucous, causing any new rash.
This phenomenon is called escalation and it happens for various reasons:
- mental disorders (e.g., depression) and stress;
- chronic infection (exacerbation);
- additional viral or bacterial STDs (diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact);
- overheating (in the sun or in the bath/sauna);
- fatigue (especially dangerous is the chronic fatigue).
The primary infection may be accompanied by additional symptoms: subfebrile temperature; nausea and disorders of the digestive tract; severe pain in muscles and joints.
Subsequent outbreaks of genital girisindeki the above symptoms will not. Among the genders, the symptoms may vary slightly. Let’s learn read more for herpes infection in women and men.
Sexual erisipela in women: symptoms and characteristics
Girls and women, the disease begins with abnormal vaginal discharge. Rash can be placed not only on the genitals, but also in other places. It often occurs in places:
- the labia;
- in the anus (during anal infection);
- in the vagina (vaginal infection);
- inside the urethra.
The first symptoms often occur 3-15 days after infection (after sex, for example). Now you know what it looks like sexual heresince the ladies. What awaits the infected men?
Erisipela in men: characteristics and symptoms
In men, the rash is almost always on the penis (if you do not consider holders of non-traditional orientation).
The symptoms can be found at: the head of the penis, the foreskin, the scrotum, the surface of the perineum, sometimes inside the urethra.
In addition to rashes and discomfort can increase regional lymph nodes. Regional are those who are closest to the lesions. Therefore, in the case of genital herpes it will be inguinal lymph nodes.
What to do with a genital infection: is it possible not to treat?
Not impossible to treat, as even in a healthy person can be complications. The most dangerous erisipela is for newborn babies if they become infected from an infected mom during delivery.
They develop malfunctions in the Central nervous system, hearing problems and vision, as well as deadly diseases. Infected during childbirth not all kids.
About how to avoid infecting the baby during pregnancy, you can read the article below. Now go to diagnostics and find out what the doctor with this intimate problem.
Diagnosis: who to go with sexual erisipela and what will happen to the patient?
This problem should contact your gynecologist if you’re a woman or urologist if you are a man. An experienced specialist will be distinguished by a skin rash and diagnosed after a visual inspection.
For accurate determination of the infectious agent and to prevent additional STD tests are assigned:
- PCR — scraping is taken of the intimate areas of the urethra, uterine cervix, lesions on the epidermal cover and mucous membranes.
- ELISA detects different antibodies, namely, Ig M, Ig G, which are produced in the body in response to viral introduction.
- more tests — blood, swabs for bacterial analysis to exclude bacterial infection, etc.
Modern diagnostics is done painlessly and quickly. So do not be afraid of it. Particularly it is important for pregnant women. A woman should be tested for girisindeki still at the planning stage of pregnancy.
Are you curious about how to protect the child from intrauterine infection erisipela? Let’s examine this topic in more detail.
Prophylaxis for newborns: what to do with erisipela during pregnancy?
Pregnant must be tested for antibodies (ELISA). A woman should know whether she is a carrier of the disease.
If it is and the disease she is asleep, she is allowed to get pregnant, but only on the condition that she would adhere to for prophylaxis against acute infection.
If the expectant mother is not a carrier, then it is recommended to protect against primary infection, especially in the later stages of childbearing. Erisipela is considered to be most dangerous for the baby if the infection occurred during pregnancy in the third trimester.
Sometimes it happens that the disease escalates prior to delivery. What to do in this situation? The woman in such a situation, it is recommended not to give birth naturally. After the delivery is assigned to antiviral therapy, not only the mother but also the child.
Treatment: as what is?
Unfortunately, to bring the virus completely impossible. So is it worth spending the treatment of sexual herpes? Of course, worth it, especially if there is a primary infection. In the period of remission pathology is not treated, as this makes no sense.
Want to know what is an STD treated? The classical variant of the therapy is antiviral drugs — acyclic nucleosides:
The most popular drug against sexual girisindeki is Acyclovir. The drug is quite old, so some viral strains of microorganisms developed him addictive. Because of this, treatment with Acyclovir may be ineffective.
The above medicine is taken in pill form. Pills, the pharmaceutical market represented the ointment of the same name. Some people prefer to use it, as it is easier and simpler.
Ointment applied to the rash 3-5 times a day thin layer. The tablets are taken strictly according to instructions, or in an individual dosage, which your doctor will recommend.
Due to the possible failure of doctors recommend to alternate the various antiherpetic drugs such as Acyclovir and Valacyclovir with. In addition, to increase the effectiveness of therapy, antiviral drugs combined with interferon.
Interferon is called a natural antiviral protein that is produced in our body and stimulates the protective functions of the immune system.
The best effect give drugs that a composition which contains interferon and Acyclovir at the same time. To date, we have only one such drug — the drug Hectare. In its composition additionally has a pain reliever, due to which the symptoms of girisindeki instantly disappear.
Preventive measures: emergency and permanent
Can people protect themselves from sexual erisipela? If you are not yet infected, then follow the simple prevention tips:
- observe rules of personal hygiene;
- be careful in public places;
- exclude casual sexual relationships with unfamiliar partners from your life;
- use condoms (for oral sex there is a special barrier-type contraceptives);
- do not contact with people who have clear signs of worsening of girisindeki;
- don’t let your personal items (especially hygiene products, towels and clothes) to other people, are not sure.
If you are already a carrier of intimate erisipela, then prevention is for you to be a little different. First and foremost, maintain your immune system, since activation of the virus occurs only in a weakened body.
To maintain immunity, eat your vitamins, eat right, give up bad habits. Also, avoid hypothermia and overheating of the body, as well as stress that can affect our health, and quite strongly.
For example, you later realized that you could get erisipela. What to do in this case? You will help emergency prevention, which will significantly reduce the chance of infection.
It is carried out using Hectarea (ointments), which need to treat the intimate parts of the body. In addition, you can take oral antiviral drugs once at the maximum dosage.
That’s all, dear readers. Be sure to share the read with your friends from social networks, as they will also be useful to know girisindeki. If the site you found it interesting, then subscribe to its updates to not miss a new article. I wish you good health, until we meet again!
The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)